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Volume -6 Issue - 11
Month [Year] -- November [2015]
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   No of Download : 23    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Tourism in Mizoram is a fast growing sector and is projected to bring in revenue in the future years to come as there has been numerous developments and trends in the sector, the accessibility to the state is easier with number of flights coming in and out of Mizoram has increased over the decade proving its significance for tourism in Mizoram, the recent availability of inland helicopter service enhances the transportation that connects all the districts of the state. Today’s tourist are becoming more and more cautious in the destination they pick through internet sites and other print media’s and therefore it is very important to develop tourism with the latest trends and technology to attract maximum tourist as Mizoram has a lot of unexplored destinations unknown to national and international tourists . The attitude of the Mizo people towards tourism also plays a significant part in attracting maximum number of tourist, and how hospitable are the people towards tourist coming from different parts of the world. This paper intends to find the attitude of the Mizo people towards tourism and how they welcome the tourist and branding Mizoram as one of the best tourist destination in Northeast India. It also intends to find the perception of the people in terms of its significance to the state and its economy and comment on how they view the infrastructure and facilities available in the state to attract maximum number of tourist from all around the world.

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   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The rural citizenry are added accessible to risks like malady, injury, accident and death owing to their social and economic scenario. There's have to be compelled to offer money protection to poor families for an equivalent. Insurance might be the way of removing the money barriers and up accessibility to quality treatment by the poor and additionally an efficient social insurance mechanism. This paper tries to make associate awareness concerning insurance and its supply of data to understand the explanations for opting insurance likewise on assess determinant of awareness of insurance.

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

मध्यकालीन कवियों में समाज को सबसे ज्यादा वैचारिक रूप से उद्वेलित, आन्दोलित और प्रभावित करने में कवि सम्राट कबीरदास जी का योगदान निःसन्देह रूप से अविस्मरणीय है। उन्होनें अपने वैज्ञानिक एवं तर्कसंगत विचारों से न केवल भारतीय जनमानस को प्रभावित किया बल्कि मन की गहराइयों में जाकर उनके विचारों को परिवर्तित करने में एक अभिनवमनोमूलक दृष्टि भी प्रदान की है। कबीर का प्रादुर्भाव ऐसे समय में हुआ जब समाज अनेक कुरीतियों, कुप्रथाओं एवं विषमताओं से ग्रस्त था। जातिवाद, छुआछूत, अन्धविश्वास, रूढि़वादिता, मिथ्याचार व पाखण्डवाद का बोल बाला था और हिन्दु व मुसलमान धार्मिक विद्वेष के कारण आपस में झगड़ते रहते थे। दोनों धर्मो के ठेकेदार स्वार्थ की रोटिया धार्मिक उन्माद के चूल्हे पर सेक रहे थे। धार्मिक कट्टरता एवं संकीर्णता के कारण समाज का सन्तुलन बिगड़ रहा था। ऐसे समय में किसी ऐसे समाज सुधारक की आवश्यकता थी, जो समाज में व्याप्त इन बुराइयों पर निर्भीकता से प्रहार कर सके और दोनों धर्मों के अनुयायिओं को बिना किसी भेदभाव के सदाचरण का उपदेश देकर सामाजिक समरसता की स्थापना करे। कबीर इसी आवश्यकता की प्रतिपूर्ति करते हुए दिखायी पड़ते है।

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   No of Download : 20    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

In upper India a number of so called criminal castes were in existence which claim Rajput descent. It was hoped that, after the defeat of the Rajputs by the Muslims, some groups of them dispossessed of their land, were unable to earn a living by cultivation or as a soldiers of the armies and took to a life of crime. During the almost continuous wars in North India and the struggle for their supremacy there was not any authority to check these lawless groups which pilfered the countryside. After the British had taken over the rule of India, however they were determined to stamp out these antisocial bodies and to impose law and order. The British administration at that time was mainly confronted with two well organized bodies of criminal pursuit, The Thags and Pindaries. They had to be exterminated in specially organized campaigns. Finally the various displaced and apparent communities were also to be tackled.

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

अहिन्दी नवजागरण के अग्रदूत भारतेन्दु हरिश्चन्द्र ने ‘सत्य हरिश्चन्द्र नाटक’ का समापन इस भरत-वाक्य से किया है- खलगनन सों सज्जन दुखी मत होइ, हरि पद रति रहै। उपधर्म छूटै सत्व निज भारत गहै, कर-दुःख बहै।। बुध तजहिं मत्सर नारि-नर सम होंहिं, सब जग सुख लहै। तजि ग्राम कविता सुकवि जन की अमृत बानी सब कहैं।।

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   No of Download : 28    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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क्षेत्रीय षक्ति से विष्व षक्ति बनने का स्वप्न संजोए, दो एषियायी महाषक्तियों भारत व चीन ने परस्पर प्रतिस्पर्धा का वातावरण सृजित किया है। विगत दषकों में भारत की राजनीतिक षिथिलता ने चीन को बढ़त लेने का अवसर प्रदत्त किया। चीन ने अपनी विस्तारवादी नीतियों के अनुरूप भारत को घेरने की रणनीति अपनाई है और भारत के विरुद्ध, भारत के पड़ोसियों को अपने नीतिगत मोहरे के रूप में प्रयुक्त किया है। नेपाल जो कि तीन तरफ से भारत से घिरा है, को भी चीन ने समय-समय पर अपनी योजना के अनुरूप प्रयुक्त किया है। आज भी नेपाल चीनी गतिविधियों का केन्द्र बना हुआ है। अपने सहयोगी पाकिस्तान के साथ मिलकर चीन नेपाल में भारत विरोधी वातावरण निर्मित करने हेतु सतत् प्रयत्नषील है। ऐसे में विविध आन्तरिक सुरक्षा समस्याओं यथा- नक्सलवाद, इन्सर्जेन्सी, सम्प्रदायवाद आदि से जूझते भारत को तथ्यों की पड़ताल कर, सजग कूटनीतिक प्रयासों के द्वारा इन बाह्य खतरों से निपटने की एक असरदार रणनीति बनानी होगी।

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   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In today’s world the Smartphone users are increasing day by day as these Smart phones provide many facilities at one point. Smart phones can be considered to be the substitutes of laptops with an additional feature of calling. The study is carried out by the researchers to find out the Smartphone preferences by the consumers in the Delhi and NCR. The purpose of the study is also to better understand the current dynamics of the market for Smartphone and the usage behavior of consumers in Delhi and NCR. This study also looked into the familiarity of users towards Smart phones, choices of Smartphone brands and most importantly in determining the influencing factors that influence the purchase decisions of consumers. Additionally, the consumer’s preferences on Smartphone specifications such as design, multimedia, operating platform, and price were investigated. The study also tries to find out the consumers perception for their Smartphone brands. The research consists of 100 respondents and among which are students and working people. The analysis is carried out through SPSS software and results were determined through various tests such as correlation, cross tabulation etc. The study will help the Smartphone companies to develop their marketing strategies as per the consumer preferences.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

मानव जीवन की सुन्दरता एवं लक्ष्य की पूर्ति में जिन साधनों की आवश्यकता है उनमें शिक्षा प्रमुख है। शिक्षा मानव समाज की आधार शिला है यह समाज का निर्माण करती है उसमें परिवर्तन करती है। बालक में सभी प्रकार की बौद्धिक शारीरिक एवं मानसिक क्षमताऐं रुचियाँ वृत्तियों एवं योग्यताएँ उसी प्रकार विद्यमान रहती है जिस प्रकार कोयले में उर्जा छिपी रहती है। कोयले को जब तक न जलाया जाए तब तक इंजन को शक्ति नहीं मिलती और इंजन गतिमान नहीं होता। इसी प्रकार शिशु में छिपी योग्यताओं को प्रतिभा, रुचियों एवं वृत्तियों का उसके निजी आवश्यकताओं एवं समाज की मान्यताओं, मर्यादाओं तथा अपेक्षाओं के अनुसार यदि विकसित नहीं किया जाता तो उसकी जीवन की गाड़ी नहीं चल पाती। यदि बालक रुपी पत्थर के कोयले में सिमटी हुई शक्ति रुपी ऊर्जा को उचित दिशा नहीं दी जाती तो जीवन रुपी गाड़ी चलने के बजाय मार्ग का रोड़ा बन जाती हैं।

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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"Non Performing Assets of Public Sector Banks in India by Manish Kapoor presented in International Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Technology (IJIET)” stated that “The three letters Strike terror in banking sector and business circle today”. NPA is short form of “Non Performing Asset”. The economic future of the country is wholly dependent on banking sector. The problem of NPA show signs of "persistent bane of hitherto developmental policies". "New stratagem is required to attempt effacing of the NPA menace". The significance of the paper is expected to be an immense use to fulfill consumer needs and facing competition with other banks. This study provides the information related to solve NPA problem.

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

हमारे समाज में कम्प्यूटर के बढ़ते हुए प्रयोग से संस्थाओं के कार्यो में तेजी से परिवर्तन हुआ है। आजकल के व्यवसायी ई-कामर्स को अपने क्षेत्र में लागू करके, इस प्रतियोगी विश्व में अपना स्थान बनाने की कोशिश कर रहे है। ई-कामर्स एक तरह का व्यवससाय या व्यापारिक वातावरण है, जिसमें वस्तुओ की खरीद, बिक्री और उनके आवागमन की सारी सूचनाएं और सुविधाएं उपलब्ध करती है। ई-कामर्स में बहुत सी ऐसी तकनीक शामील है जिसमें कंपनी अपना व्यवसाय आधुनिक ढंग से कर सकती है। ई-कामर्स के प्रयोग में सूचना प्राद्योगिकी व उन्नत कम्प्यूटर नेटवर्क की सहायता से व्यापारिक, व्यवसायिक, वाणिज्यिक गतिविधीयों को अत्यंत कार्य कुशल बनाया है।

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   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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दुनिया की आधी आबादी के लिए यह सबसे बड़ा दिन कहा जा सकता है, जब संयुक्त राष्ट्रमें 1981 में सीडाॅ यानी कन्वेंशन आॅन दी एलिमिनेशन आॅफ आल फाॅम्र्स डिसक्रिमिनेशन अंगेस्ट वूमेन, बमंकंू अर्थात् महिलाओं के विरूद्ध सभी प्रकार के भेदभाव हटाने के लिए संविदा लागू हुई। इसके बाद महिलाओं के अधिकारों में निरन्तर वृद्धि होती रही। भारतीय समाज में पुत्र व पुत्रियों के बीच भेदभाव समाज में प्रारंभ से ही दृष्टिगोचर होने लगता है। लेकिन समय के साथ पुरूषों की सोच के साथ महिलाओं के सोच में भी परिवर्तन आया है। जिससे महिला अधिकारों के साथ महिलाओं की सुरक्षा में भी परिवर्तन आया है। अगर महिला अधिकारों की बात करें तो ऐसे अधिकार या ऐसी स्वाधीनता जिसे करने के लिए महिलाएं किसी के द्वारा परतंत्र न हो अर्थात् महिलाओं की स्वतंत्रता, समानता की रक्षा करने वाले अधिकारों को महिला अधिकार कहा जाता है। दुनिया की हर सभ्यता और धर्म में स्त्री जाति के प्रति लगभग एक जैसा रवैया है। इज्जत, परम्परा, घर-बच्चे, ईश्वर, शांति एवं विकास आदि के नाम पर उसकी बलि ली जाती है। पिछले कुछ दशकों से स्त्री मुक्ति आंदोलनों के कारण कुछ फि़जा अवश्य बदली है। ये फिजा अब रूकनी नहीं चाहिये।

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   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Emotional feeling is a process that unravels in the context of a situation or condition. It is a complex process that involves several dimensions and it is sensitive to demands and resources of the environment as well as to personality dispositions. The study aims at identifying difference between males and females on the basis of emotions with respect to cognitive emotional regulation and emotional intelligence. Different environments demand different types of emotional reactions and hence regulation of emotions is also important. The present study sought to examine emotional intelligence, as the understanding of and feelings of connection with other people, is subject to change over short or long periods of time, with effects of cognitive emotion regulation. Emotional intelligence (EQ) helps a person to achieve happiness and success in life and it matters just as much as intellectual ability (IQ). It also helps people succeed at work, build stronger relationships, and achieve career and personal goals. This paper examines the relationship between emotional intelligence and cognitive emotion regulation among 148 class tenth students, aged 14-17 years, out of which 78 were boys and 70 were girls. Significant positive correlations were found between different subscales of‘Emotional Intelligence’ and ‘Cognitive Emotion Regulation’. The result came out to be highly significant according to the hypothesis formed.

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Majority of the population lives in rural areas and out of the rural inhabitants around a quarter are conspicuously below the poverty line (BPL) and under extreme deprivation. Even after more than six decades of independence, many rural areas still lack basic infrastructure such as roads, water, electricity, hospitals, schools and so on. Globalization and the information revolution have changed these problems, particularly the nature of local polity helped in increasing competition and awareness among the villagers. Thus, the technology that is most transformative in today’s society can be referred to as Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Realizing the transformative potential of ICT, the central and state government have initiated the process of applying ICT measures to reform rural local governance for improving the delivery of public services through greater transparency and accountability. This article will discuss the string of role of ICT measures, initiatives and projects to achieve inclusive development in India and analyze the emerging trends with respect to digital inclusion .

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   No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Man being, as has been said, by nature all free, equal, and independent, no one can be put out of his estate and subjected to political power of another without his own consent, which is done by agreeing with other men, to join and unite into a community for their comfortable, safe and peaceable living, one amongst another, in secure enjoyment of their properties, and a greater security against any that are not of it. This any number of man may do, because it injures not the freedom of the rest; they are left, as they were, in the liberty of the state of nature1

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Privatization is a well known word. In the areas of business and industry, it has covered a wide area but now it has entered into education and academic area. Actually, today the programmers related to private sector expanded to much that the word of revolution can be used for this. Privatization is working very successfully in various countries like England, China, America, Brazil, Mexico and Japan.

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   No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH henceforth) became dominant in academic circles trying to understand the rules of return in the equity market. After a long period of successes, faith in this hypothesis was gradually eroded by the discovery of several anomalies. The last decades showed immense research efforts to find new models accurately predicting market behavior. These efforts build the foundation for what is called “Behavioral Finance”. During all this time researchers have identified two major reasons why the EMH fails to deliver correct results in so many cases. While the first is called “Limits to arbitrage” and it shows why even well informed, completely rational investors can be limited in their ability to use market options; the second relates to an application of behavioral psychology on individual investors, cataloguing the kinds of deviations from full rationality in investment decisions.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) is a non-profit organization that undertakes interdisciplinary research on internet and digital technologies from policy and academic perspectives. The areas of focus include digital accessibility for persons with diverse abilities, access to knowledge, intellectual property rights, openness (including open data, free and open source software, open standards, open access, open educational resources, and open video), internet governance, telecommunication reform, digital privacy, and cyber-security. The academic research at CIS seeks to understand the reconfigurations of social and cultural processes and structures as mediated through the internet and digital media technologies.

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The paper attempts to assess India’s growth rate in terms of value and quantity as well as Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) for tea and coffee exports with respect to Association of South- East Asian Nations (ASEAN). The study consists the period from 2001 to 2012. Data on export of agricultural products were compiled from International Trade Centre (ITC) and quantity data sourced from Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Database. The study found that positive and significant growth rate in terms of value of tea exports. In contrast, in case of coffee export it found positive and significant in terms of quantity. Moving on competitiveness, it found stagnant comparative advantage in export of tea and in case of coffee export it found comparative disadvantage most of the year consideration. However, study indicates that, India needs to improve its quality of products to compete on the international platform. As well as, the result of study would direct to take some policy initiative to promote tea and coffee export into ASEAN market as well as in world market. The study would also help to exporter to select appropriate market for tea and coffee exports.

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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प्रस्तुत शोध पत्रमें स्त्रियों के मानवाधिकार एवं सामाजिक सशक्तिकरणके प्रति उनकी जागरूकता एवं आत्मविश्वासका अध्ययन किया गया है। अध्ययन हेतु शोधअन्वेषिका ने वर्णनात्मक सर्वेक्षण विधि का प्रयोग किया है। न्यादर्श चयन में उद्देश्यपूर्ण न्यादशर्न विधि का प्रयोग किया है। प्रदत्तों केसंकलन हेतु स्वनिर्मितसामाजिक सशक्तिकरण एवं जागरूकता के प्रति अनुसूची (स्वनिर्मित),इसमें 35 प्रश्न हैं, मानवाधिकार के प्रति अनुसूची (स्वनिर्मित),इसमें 25प्रश्न हैं, आत्मविश्वासअभिवृत्ति परीक्षण (रेखाअग्निहोत्री),इसमें 56प्रश्न हैं, को 1200 के न्यादर्श पर प्रशासित किया गया। अध्ययन के परिणामस्वरूप ज्ञात हुआ कि उच्चशिक्षित कामकाजी स्त्रियों एवं उच्चशिक्षित गैरकामकाजी स्त्रियों के मध्य सार्थक अन्तर पाया गया, मध्यशिक्षित कामकाजी स्त्रियों एवं मध्यशिक्षित गैरकामकाजी स्त्रियों के मध्य सार्थक अन्तर पाया गया, उच्चशिक्षित कामकाजी स्त्रियों एवं मध्यशिक्षित कामकाजी स्त्रियों के मध्य सार्थक अन्तर पाया गया, एवं उच्चशिक्षित गैरकामकाजी स्त्रियों एवं मध्यशिक्षित गैरकामकाजी स्त्रियों के मध्य सार्थक अन्तर पाया गया।उच्चशिक्षित कामकाजी स्त्रियों एवं उच्चशिक्षित गैरकामकाजी स्त्रियों के मध्य सार्थक अन्तर पाया गया, मध्यशिक्षित कामकाजी स्त्रियों एवं मध्यशिक्षित गैरकामकाजी स्त्रियों के मध्य सार्थक अन्तर पाया गया, उच्चशिक्षित कामकाजी स्त्रियों एवं मध्यशिक्षित कामकाजी स्त्रियों के मध्य सार्थक अन्तर पाया गया, एवं उच्चशिक्षित गैरकामकाजी स्त्रियों एवं मध्यशिक्षित गैरकामकाजी स्त्रियों के मध्य सार्थक अन्तर पाया गया।

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   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Customer satisfaction always helps to enhance the market share. In consumer goods industry various parameters are available to judge the satisfaction of customer towards the product, but in the case of service industry only quality of the service derives the level of satisfaction. This study attempt to identify the expectations and satisfactions towards the Big Bazaar store at Baroda with the help of service quality dimensions. For the purpose of study 100 samples are considered to pool up the opinions by structured questionnaire. The study results that the satisfaction level towards Big Bazaar is positive but the expectation level is greater than as compared to satisfaction level.

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   No of Download : 23    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

सर्वप्रथम सशक्तिकरण को सामाजिक, आर्थिक एवं राजनीतिक असमानताओ से पैदा हुई समस्याओ एवं रिक्तताओ से निपटने के रूप मे देखा जा सकता है। इसमे जागरूक, अधिकार एवं हको को जानने, सहभागिता, निर्णयन जैसे घटक निहित है। पैलिनीथूराई के शब्दो मे देखते है-‘‘महिला सशक्तिकरण वह प्रक्रिया है जिसके द्वारा समाज के विकास की प्रक्रिया मे राजनीतिक संस्थाओ के द्वारा महिलाओ की पुरूषो के बराबर मान्यता दी जाती है।

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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On 15th August, 1947 the British left India forever. After freedom, new burdens and responsibilities came on the shoulders of Indians. The signs of progress became visible in every field of life including education. In has been realized that universities in an independent India plays a full role in nation building and enable the country to attain freedom from disease and ignorance in shortest possible time by the application of knowledge of science and technology. Due to these aspiration and objectives of higher education, resulted to the rapid growth of universities in India. Large grants were made to the universities by the government so as to improve standards of higher education on the advice of inter university board and the central advisory board of education. The government of India appointed the university education commission (1948-49) under the chairmanship of Dr Radhakrishnan for a thorough study of financially and academic problems of Indian universities. The government should recognize its responsibility for financing higher education and should contribute an additional amount of ten crores for the development of university education.

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   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The present study focuses on the impact of tobacco chewing behavior of college student on their Home adjustment and Social adjustment. To explore this objective a sample of 50 students who were chewing tobacco and 50 students who were not chewing tobacco were selected from Nakur and surrounding area of Saharanpur. The subjects were administered the adjustment inventory for college students. The result revealed that the students who were chewing tobacco differed significantly from those who were not chewing tobacco, on their Home adjustment and Social adjustment.

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   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Accounting standards constitute the basis for the preparation of financial statements. There are many accounting standards in the world. As accounting is a language of the business, each country is using a rule of its own generally accepted accounting principles also known as GAAP. These allow firms to report their financial statements in accordance to the GAAP that applies to them .The complication lies within whether the company does business in multiple countries for growth. How can investors deal with multiple standards in different countries, which ones are accurate, and how can corporations be compared based upon their financial statement, The answer to these questions lies within the adoption of the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), which is being developed and supported by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) for the objective to implement the uniform accounting standard in all the countries across the world. So IFRS play important role to make uniforminity in accounting aspect at global level . In India, ICAI has decided to adopt the IFRS by April 2011. This study tries to analyze the information available on IFRS adoption process in India. It also discusses the IFRS adoption procedure in India and the benefits for India in adopting IFRS. The paper discuss the problems faced by the stakeholders in the process of adoption of IFRS in India.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The tribal development in India has been a major concern of the Central and State Government, Voluntary Organizations, NGOs, Social Activists, Sociologist and Anthropologist. But even after more than five decades we are no nearer to the solution of the problem. Rather, things appear to be more muddled than before. Scheme by scheme have been conceived and implemented. Unfortunately most of them have failed. In most cases the tribal life has worsened. What was wrong in the process of tribal development? Where did it go wrong? Is our definition of development at fault? Our perception of the problem is erroneous? The programmes we have conceived and implemented are at variance with the target we have set? Do we have a target at all? I think all these have contributed their mite to the muddle. We are unable to find a single statement as regards the strategy of tribal development in India. No clear cut policy exists on this important issue, though millions of rupees have already been spent in the name of tribal development.

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   No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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ABSTRACT Expansion of sports skills testing methods is not very old. The measurement and evaluation of basic skills are receiving much importance not only to assist in the selection of sports but also for planning, control and evaluating training methodology. The evaluation of student achievement is tantamount to the evaluation of the instructional process, and so it is a vital part of the educational process. Evaluation often follows measurement,

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   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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English language (literature ) contains some of the finest utterances of life and conduct. In it we have The Authorized Version of the Bible, the perfection of the English language. It is the language with which Shakespeare held the "mirror upto nature" to show "virtue her image and vice its own countenance"; the language with which Milton tried to assert eternal providence,

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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There is a rich historiography related to the Maratha penetration in Rajasthan. As has been already discussed, James Tod’s treatment of Maratha-Rajput relations is highly biased in favour of the Rajputs. J.N. Sarkar’s work, Fall of the Mughal Empire in four volumes is highly informative and comprehensive. But Sarkar is highly judgemental on each event and the persons involved. It covers all the major political events involving the Marathas and the Rajput States. Subsequent historical writings on Maratha penetration in the region and Maratha-Rajput relations during the eighteenth century have been largely Rajput-centric in approach. Except for Jaipur, Maratha relations with the major Rajput States which witnessed Maratha inroads are presented in the works of G.R. Parihar, K.S. Gupta, R.P. Shastri, M.L. Sharma, Beni Gupta and R.K. Saxena. While examining the relations of the Marathas with the States of Jaipur, Marwar, Kota and Bundi, they have focused more on political narrative about the Maratha-Rajput relations in their works.

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   No of Download : 2    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

प्रगतिशील साहित्य का आंदोलन आज विश्व-साहित्य में सबसे अधिक सशक्त और स्वस्थ आंदोलन है। वैसे तो अप्रत्यक्ष रूप से, प्रत्येक काल में प्रगतिशीलता को साहित्यिक श्रेष्ठता का तत्त्व माना गया है; किन्तु आधुनिक युग में अपने एक संगठित और सुलक्षित आंदोलन के रूप में वह पहली बार सामने आया है। अतः साहित्य-विकास का आधुनिक चरण यदि ‘प्रगतिशील साहित्य’ के नाम से अभिहित किया गया, तो उसमें ‘न्यून- पदत्व’ दोष होते हुए भी; उसे अनुचित नहीं कहा जा सकता। ‘प्रगतिशील-लेखक-संघ’ के लखनऊ अधिवेशन में, सभापति के आसन से दिए गये अपने भाषण में प्रेमचन्द जी ने कहा था — ‘प्रगतिशील-लेखक-संघ’ यह नाम मेरे विचार से ग़लत है। साहित्यकार या कलाकार स्वभावतः प्रगतिशील होता है; अगर यह उसका स्वभाव न होता तो शायद वह साहित्यकार ही न होता।’

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Nadine Gordimer, a towering figure of world literature, has been directly involved with the racial and cultural struggle of South Africa, South Africa as a country condenses, many major problems facing the world today, that of class, race and culture. As a writer, living in the world that she depicts in her novels, she is like an ‘inside observer’ who presents an 'inside history', of the lives and people of South Africa going through the transient phases of political upheavals. The political, social and literary situations prepared her mind to write against the exploitation and cruel policies of white rulers. We can say that there was something in her blood which revolted her against the white laws which segregated the blacks from white and made the native homeless in their own homeland. She is a member of the White oppressor class in South Africa and yet carries a conscientious commitment against apartheid. She is a white in a majority population of the blacks, and within the whites, she happens to be a white liberal. As she writes:

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   No of Download : 20    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Infrastructure plays an important role in development at all levels. Many economists describe the importance of infrastructure in economic development. In fact, developmental activities depend upon infrastructure facilities. It is considered the prerequisite of development. Transportation and communication, financial institutions, power etc. are some important facets of economic infrastructure which are indispensable for accelerated economic development of an economy or a part there of. Haryana State has given more emphasis to create such economic infrastructure so that fast economic development of the state becomes possible. As a consequence, the State has made a significant progress in the field of economic infrastructure but welfare of the people depends on the development as well as distributive aspects of facilities also. Unfortunately, the benefits of the development are not distributed equally among the people and regions of Haryana, causing imbalances and disparities in development in such regions.

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   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In my present paper I would focus on The Geopolitics of Climate Change: Environmental Degradation: A Theoretical Overview.The climate change is a geopolitical problem it discusses the potential ramifications of the impacts of climate change. This is of crucial importance rises in average temperatures have been observed over the last decades, as well as substantial changes to precipitation patters. The average temperatures have been rising and the total precipitation has increased, especially during the rainy seasons, which is important for flood water management. The precipitation during the dry seasons has decreased, which poses important challenges to water management. Climate change is one of the most significant challenges facing human being today. Climate change has already affected agricultural production and socioeconomic structures and will extensively and intensively alter the development process and security issues including food, water, energy and social safety as well as political, cultural, economic, diplomatic and commercial security.

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   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Education gives direction to society. Trends in education change according to increased demand for changes in social structure and to cope with rising interaction within global sphere. However, it becomes difficult to introduce radical changes in society to keep pace with increased changes in technology and interaction with developed countries, advancement in education still helps in perceiving the relevance of changes, understanding patterns of change, their incorporation and acts as a breather. Focused intervention is needed in areas such as rural education to help simultaneous acceptance of changes in social values that go with the new system. Acceptance and receptivity should be inculcated through education so that friction may not arise and if it still arises it is kept to the minimum. Education provides the necessary link in the transformation process. Society needs to do its part by being more receptive, rather than being rigid, by being efficient in recognizing the merits and demerits of changes, rather than opposing every budding leaf at the very outset. This research paper is an attempt to analyze the role of education in society and social changes it can effectively infuse.

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