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Volume -7 Issue - 11
Month [Year] -- November [2016]
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   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

प्रत्येक राष्ट्र के विकास में प्राथमिक शिक्षा के महत्व को स्वीकार किया गया है। भारत में प्राथमिक शिक्षा का इतिहास अति प्राचीन है।‘प्राथमिक शिक्षा’ जैसा कि इसके नाम से विदित है यह वह आधार है जिस पर शिक्षा की सम्पूर्ण संरचना का निर्माण किया जाता है। यह शिक्षा की प्रथम सीढी है जिसे पार कर मनुष्य मानवीय तथा राष्ट्रीय लक्ष्यों को पूरा करता है इसका सम्बन्ध किसी विशेष वर्ग समुदाय से न होकर सम्पूर्ण राष्ट्र से होता है, मनुष्य की पाश्विक प्रवृत्तियों का शोधन एवं मार्गान्तीकरण का एक मात्र साधन प्राथमिक शिक्षा है।

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   No of Download : 35    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Higher Education (HE) in India had been accorded prime importance from the very beginning. However there has been rising demand for HE induced by liberalization, privatization, globalization and the need of skilled work force. In the light of increasing demand for higher education, the government has also taken up measures to ensure quality in the system while accommodating the increasing demand. It has been rightly said that quantity and quality of water in tap depends upon the quantity and quality of water in overhead tank. In spite of the hard work for the past few decades, we could hardly change the structure of higher education and it is said the sick child of government. Access, equity and quality problems continue to manifest our system of higher education. National association of software and service companies (NASSCOM) revealed that not more than 15% general graduate students and 25-30% technical graduates are employable. According to National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUPEA) HE is vital importance to build knowledge based society of 21st century based on social, environmental and economic development. UGC has recognized only about 6000 of 36000 colleges and 167of 634 universities to receive developmental grant. UGC identified 10 universities and 100 colleges as institutions with potential for excellence. NAAC has accredited 149 universities and 3672 colleges so far rated 9% as A, 68% as B and 23% as C grade. Obviously, the current quality level is deplorable. This paper examines the strength, weakness, opportunities and threat facing HE in the country which lead to lots of expectation, challenges and requires urgent intervention due to magnitude of problem.

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   No of Download : 40    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

उत्तर प्रदेश प्राचीन समय से ही एक कृषि प्रधान प्रान्त रहा है। इसकी अधिकांश जनसंख्या किसी न किसी रूप से भूमि से जुड़ी हुयी थी। किसी भी कृषि प्रधान अर्थव्यवस्था का केन्द्र बिन्दु किसान होते है लेकिन केन्द्र बिन्दु होने के कारण यह वर्ग ही अधिकतर शोषित रहा है। उपनिवेशवादी शासन की स्थापना के बाद अधिकाधिक लाभ कमाने के लिए अंग्रेजो ने भारत में प्रचलित भूव्यवस्था के स्थान पर नयी भूव्यवस्था लागू की जिसने खेतिहर समाज को तहस-नहस कर दिया। औपनिवेशिक नीतियों के कारण कृषक दोहरे अत्याचार का शिकार हो रहे थे। एक तो औपनिवेशिक सरकार के अत्याचार के और दूसरे जमींदार और महाजनों के अत्याचार के। आमतौर पर ऐसे अत्याचारों का विरोध ही जनआंदोलन का रूप ले लेता था। उत्तर प्रदेश में 1930-34 की समयावधि में ऐसा ही एक जन आंदोलन लगान बन्दी के रूप में उभर कर सामने आया।

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   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

भारतीय समाज सदैव से कृषि प्रधान समाज रहा है। किसान ही इसके क¢न्द्र बिन्दु व रीढ़ रहे है लेकिन कहीं न कहीं शिल्पकार वाणिज्य-व्यवसाय भी इस समाज की परिधि में रहा है। इस परिधि की धुरी के बीच में सामंतवाद एक अहम बदलाव का सूचक, रहा जिसने प्राचीन एवं मध्यकालीन भारतीय व्यवस्था में व्यापक परिवर्तन किया। गुप्तकाल भारत में वर्ण व्यवस्था से जाति व्यवस्था का आधार बना, इसी के उपरान्त आरम्भिक मध्यकाल तक आते-आते भारत में दास प्रथा का भी उदय हुआ। इस लम्बे समयांतराल में किसान, मजदूर, स्त्री, दास, अस्पृश्यता एवं शूद्रों की स्थिति में व्यापक फेरबदल हुआ जिससे एक नए भारत का निर्मांण भी हुआ।

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   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The present article, “Sardar Patel: The Foresighted Visionary on Minorities”relates toSardar Patel, who played a significant role in the Indian political scenario from 1917 to 1950 and dedicated himself to Indian freedom struggle. He was the follower and closest companion of Mahatma Gandhi as well as an ideal Congress leader. He led several satyagrahas during India’s struggle for freedom from British rule. After Independence, he was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru, he looks after the departments of Home, States, Information and Broadcasting. He played an important role as the Chairman of the Committees for Fundamental Rights, Minorities and Provincial Constitution and provisions like the Right to Private Property, Privy purses for Princes and Constitutional guarantees for the Civil Services were incorporated. He emerged an astute leader and a sagacious statesman known as the ‘Iron Man’ of Modern India.

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

‘जनवाद’ शब्द अंग्रेजी के ‘क्मउवबतंबल’ शब्द का हिन्दी रूपांतरण है। जनतंत्र, प्रजातंत्र, लोकतन्त्र, लोकशाही आदि इसके पर्यायवाची शब्द हैं। ‘क्मउवबतंबल’ शब्द ग्रीक भाषा के क्मउवे ;देमोसद्ध और ज्ञतंजमतपद ;ÿेटिनद्ध नामक शब्दों के योग से बना है। क्मउवे का अर्थ है - जनता तथा ज्ञतंजमपद का शाब्दिक अर्थ है - शासन करना। इस प्रकार क्मउवबतंबल का अर्थ हुआ - जनता का शासन। अतः जनतंात्रिक या flगणतांत्रिक शासन वह है जिसमें सर्वोच्च सŸाा सारी जनता अथवा उसके समर्पित लोगों के हाथों में होती है।fi 1 गणतंत्र में यदि शासन सŸाा जनता के हाथ में होती है तो वह जनतंत्र कहलाता है और यदि शासन जनता के एक विशेष भाग के हाथों में होता है तो ऐसे शासन को अभिजात तंत्र कहा जाता है। इसी प्रकार लोकतंत्र को परिभाषित करते हुए अब्राहम लिंकन ने कहा कि लोकतंत्र में सरकार का रूप जनता की, जनता के द्वारा एवं जनता के लिए होता है। 2 इस छोटी-सी परिभाषा में लोकतंत्र का मूल रूप समाहित है। इसमें जनता ही सर्वशक्तिमान एवं सर्वोपरि है। प्रजातंत्र के संबंध में गांधी जी ने कहा है कि वह flकभी भी हिंसा और दण्ड-शक्ति पर आधारित नहीं रह सकता। व्यक्ति के पूर्ण और स्वतन्त्र विकास के लिए जनतांत्रिक समाज को परस्पर सहयोग और सद्भाव, प्रेम और विश्वास पर आधारित रहना चाहिए। मानवता का विकास इन्हीं के सिह्ान्तों के आधार पर आज तक हुआ है और आगे भी होगा।fi 3

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   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

षिक्षण संस्थाएं बच्चों में समस्या के निवारण की क्षमता के साथ साथ उनमें अनुषासनात्मक जानकारी एवं परंगतता के लिए पे्ररित करती है षिक्षण संस्थाओं व निर्माण इस प्रकार करना चाहिए कि बच्चों को वहां जाकर कुछ सीखने की इच्छा जागृत हो ताकि वे वहां सिखाई हर चीज को रूचि से ग्रहण करें। वस्तुतः षिक्षण का अर्थ हंै सीखने में सहायता करना लेकिन प्रत्येक व्यक्ति अपने स्वयं के अनुभवों के आधार पर ही सीखता है। षिक्षक अपने छात्र को सीखने में पे्ररणा दे सकता है। रूचि उत्पन्न कर सकते है। षिक्षक का छात्र से घनिष्ठ संबंध है।

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   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The present paper focused for the examine the values among adolescents with their home environment. Four hundred adolescents were included for the sample to representiveness of population. The survey was conducted for data collection from sample. PVQ by Sherry and Verma, HEI by KS Misra were administrated.

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In modern area pollution has become part of our life. We pollute air by bursting crackers on Dusshara, Diwali and on the occasions of marriages and other festivals. We pollute our rivers by disposing of our dead bodies and all other human and other waste. Any space is good enough for us to ease. We are a country which believe in open latrines. Here human and industrial effluents are allowed to flow in open drains and to flood the street.

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

तुलसीदास ने अपने समय की इन परिस्थितियों को पहचाना और इसकी अभिव्यक्ति अपने काव्य में की। तत्कालीन समाज कुप्रथाओं का समूह था। उसमें आशा के स्थान पर निराशा, कर्मण्यता के स्थान पर अकर्मण्यता, शांति के स्थान पर अशांति और गति के स्थान पर स्थूलता आ गई थी।

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The term feminism includes both a doctrine of equal rights for women as well as an ideology for social transformation to make a better world for women. It began with the legal rights ( voting, property) and continued to add new dimensions to create an equality with the male. It has tried to keep itself as par with the male so that its place in the society remains formidable. It has been divided into different time periods called as waves. The first wave continued from the nineteenth century and continued till the world war II. The transformation to the second wave came with the statement by one of the first voices of feminism Simone Beauvoir.

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   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Constructivism has emerged as one of the greatest influence on the practice of education, according to it the learning process of knowledge is the construction process of knowledge, students are the main body of learning activity and they construct knowledge on their own initiatives. Teachers are the helpers and the drivers for students constructing knowledge. This paper begins by providing an overview of what we mean by this concept of constructivism and its implications in education.

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Sovereignty is the supremacy of will and power the term “sovereignty” is relatively more modern than any thing ancient in the modern sense of the term. But this does not mean that the ancient political theories and commentators of religion and Cormier theory has no basic concept of it the word sovereignty is derived form Latin word superman’s (super and anus) which means supreme power and it is a controversial centre of the study of politics “ the modern crystal definition of sovereignty may not appear exactly in the past but the idea of it offer and on appear in the ancient and medieval writings of east and west even prior to Kautilya the concept of sovereignty apparel in the person of the king as in monarchical institution.1

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   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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अभिव्यक्ति मनुष्य की प्राकृतिक प्रवृत्ति है। अपने अन्दर के भावों को प्रकट करना उसकी पहली प्राथमिकता है, और उसकी इन भावनाओं का आधार है- मनुष्य का परिवेश। मुनियों, ज्ञानियों और विद्वानों का मत है, की आदि काल में जब भाषा और लिपि-चिह्नों का विकास नही हुआ था, तब मनुष्य रेखाओं के संकेत से ही व्यक्ति स्वयं को अभिव्यक्त करता था। आदि कालीन गुफाओं में मिले शैलचित्र इस बात के प्रमाण है। इस समय जीवन के अन्य पक्ष अभी विकसित होने थे, इसीलिए तत्कालीन भारतीय चित्रांकन भी इसी विकास तक ही सिमित रहे हैं।

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   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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प्राचीन काल से ही जल जीवन का महत्वपूर्ण घटक रहा है। प्राचीन सभ्यताओं के विकास में जल स्त्रोतों की अहम भूमिका रही हैं एवं तालाबो, बावड़ियों, कुओं, झीलों, जोहड़ों, आदि के निर्माण की परम्परा रही है। राजस्थान में तो इनका निर्माण पुनीत एवं पुण्य का कार्य माना जाता रहा है। बावड़ियों व कुओं को लेकर पवित्रता का भाव रहा है और यहाँ जूते उतारकर चढा जाता था। आमजन ने इन जल तीर्थो को ईष्वर सदृष दर्जा दिया था। इनकी पवित्रता पर विषेष ध्यान दिया गया, जहां कहीं भी मन्दिर का निर्माण हुआ वहां एक कुआं, बावड़ी या तालाब की भी खुदाई की गई तथा मन्दिर का पूरा कार्य इसी पानी से होता था। धीरे-धीरे पानी की उपलब्धता पाइपलाइन के द्वारा आसानी से होने लगी तो आमजन ने इनके महत्व को भुला दिया।

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The present paper is an effort to conceptualize the ideas of Sri Aurobindo Ghosh on the Indian Culture. For better comprehension, the paper is divided into three parts. The first part of the paper throws light on the life and history of Sri Aurobindo as his bringing had a great role in shaping of his ideas on Culture & Civilization. The second part which is the soul of the present paper deals with the cultural ideas of Sri Aurobindo which further divided into three sub points: Spirituality & Religion; Art & Architecture and Literature (Religious, scriptures) & Language (Sanskrit). The last part of the paper concludes the various dimensions of the present paper.

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Higher education helps to gain good employment opportunities and earn handsome salary to lead a comfortable and secured life. Education shapes the behavior of the individuals and there by their own identity is created in the society. India stands in 125th position in terms of gender inequity. The reports also show that the female who have at least some secondary education is only 35.3% and in case of men it is 61.4% according to the Human Development Reports 2005 – 2015.

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   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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पृथ्वी एवं पृथ्वी की समानधर्मी स्त्री दोनों समान रूप से आधुनिकता के पुरूष प्रभुत्ववादी समाज में शोषण की शिकार है। पृथ्वी एवं स्त्री को तथा अन्य उपेक्षित वर्गो को पितृसŸाात्मक पूँजीवाद तथा उद्योगवादी शोषण से बचाने के लिए प्रकृति के साथ मिलकर जीने की जो नवीन विचारधारा फेमिनिज्म एवं पारिस्थितिकीय नारीवाद दोनों के संयोग से रूपायित हुई उसे पारिस्थितिकीय नारीवाद ;म्बवमिउपदपेउद्ध कहा जाता है।

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   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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किसी भी रचना के दो पक्ष होते हैं. भाव पक्ष एवं कला पक्ष। रचना के उचित्त मूल्यांकन के लिए दोनों पक्षों का सम्यक अध्ययन आवश्यक है। भाव पक्ष के अंतर्गत् रचना में क्या कहा गया हैए इसका अध्ययन किया जाता हैए इसे कथ्य भी कहा जाता है। इस भाव पक्ष अथवा कथ्य को रचनाकार जिस तकनीकी का प्रयोग कर रूपायित करता हैए ष्शिल्पष् कहलाता है।

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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अधिकार सामाजिक जीवन की वे परिस्थितियाँ हैं, जिनके बिना व्यक्ति प्रायः अपना विकास नहीं कर सकता। मौलिक अधिकारों को शिक्षा जगत के शिक्षण पाठ्यक्रम में इसीलिए लागू किया गया है ताकि विद्यार्थियों को इनका ज्ञान प्राप्त हो तथा शिक्षकों की सहायता से इन अधिकारों के प्रति सजगता का विकास हो सके। विद्यार्थियों को यह जानना आवश्यक है कि ये अधिकार उनके पूर्ण भौतिक व मानसिक विकास के लिए अपरिहार्य हैं, इसके बिना उनका यथोचित विकास नहीं हो सकता।

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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शारीरिक रूप से अक्षम विद्यार्थियों से तात्पर्य उन विद्यार्थियों से है जो शारीरिक दोषों के कारण सामान्य विद्यार्थियों से अलग होते हैं। ऐसे विद्यार्थियों में शारीरिक दोष होता है जो किसी भी रूप में साधारण विद्यार्थियों से अलग करते है

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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हिन्दी में दलित साहित्य की शुरूआत ‘हीराडोम‘ की कविता, ‘अछुत की शिकायत‘(भोजपुरी) सन् 1914 ई0 से माना जाता है।इससे पहले स्वामी अच्छूतानंद ‘हरिहर‘ ने सन् 1912 ई0 में कुछ दलित कविताएं लिखी थी। लेकिन सही मायने में दलित साहित्य का प्रारंम्भ ओमप्रकाश वाल्मीकि के आत्मकथा ‘जूठन‘ सन् 1997 ई0 से माना जाता है। इसी संन्दर्भ में डाॅ0 सूर्यनारायण रणसुभे जी के मत से स्पष्ट होता है कि -”दलित साहित्य की शुरूआत ‘जूठन‘ आत्मकथा से इसलिए मानना पड़ता है क्यांेकि यहां विशुद्ध मानवीयता की दृष्टि है दयाभाव अथवा गिड़गिड़ाने की अथवा भाग्यवादी दृष्टी नहीं है।”

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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With the growing market for debts(loans, credit cards etc), there is a need for every individual to keep a close watch on their Credit Information of Bureau of India Limited (CIBIL) ScoreThis paper has talked about the nitty-gritties of CIBIL Score and CIBIL Report developed by CIBIL. In case, the score is low, this paper recommends steps that can be taken to improve the same.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The World Conference on Human Rights recommends that each State consider the desirability of drawing up a national action plan identifying steps whereby that State would improve the promotion and protection of human rights.

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The first Indo—Chinese cultural exchange started with the introduction of Buddhism in 1st century C.E. through trade routes. Gradually, it became one of the prominent religions of China, which provide spiritual equality to all classes and genders. There were different schools of Buddhism which had flourished in China such as Pure Land School, The Tien Tai School. It was Bodhidharma, who had made Chinese aware of the concept of Dhyāna, which was the core of Buddha’s teachings. Chinese understood this concept so well that it became the prominent school of Buddhism in China and is called as Chan Buddhism. According to Bodhidharma, there are two ways to get enlightenment- one by principle and second by practice. This is not the first time that importance is given to practice meditation rather it was one of the path prescribed by Buddha in Eight-fold path. The contribution of Chan Buddhism in creating and spreading awareness about meditation worldwide is immense. It is called “Dhyāna” in India, or “Zen” in Japan or “Vipassana” is its modern name has gained popularity worldwide. The influence of Chan Buddhism on Chinese culture was great, which can be seen on their paintings, calligraphy, poetry, music, tea ceremony, drama etc. The aim of this paper is thus to throw light on the different aspects of Chan school of Buddhism introduced by Bodhidharma and its impact on Chinese lifestyle. Hence, in this paper I would like to throw light on the different aspects of Chan school of Buddhism introduced by Bodhidharma with respect to its impact on Chinese lifestyle

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Uzbekistan is the most populated among Central Asian countries. As per the estimates in 2006, 26.4 million people, or 45 per cent of the region’s population, lived here, which presupposes that socio-economic and demographic processes appear in the country have a significant influence on the region. In the later years labour migration has become wide spread, linking Uzbekistan with many other countries. Uzbekistan is primarily a labour sending country. According to estimates, somewhat 7 per cent of the economically active population of Uzbekistan is participating in internal and external labour migration. Research shows that most labour migrants are men. However, in the last few years the involvement of women migrants has been on the rise both internally and externally. This indicates a direction towards feminization of migration processes in the country. Based on several sociological studies, this article attempts to describe how and why the composition of labour migrants has changed.

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Cultural Heritage is a vital part of the Tourism product and is one of the energetic factors that can develop the competitiveness of a tourism destination. Cultural Heritage Tourism is one of the largest and fastest growing global tourism markets and it covers all aspects of travel that provide an opportunity for visitors to learn about other areas’ history, culture and life style. The present investigated the relationship between tourists’ satisfaction and the attributes of cultural heritage destinations in West Bengal (WB). The area of the study at selected cultural heritage destinations of West Bengal, which is located in eastern India and the data of this study have been collected from the on-site survey method at Victoria Memorial Hall, Belur Math, Chandan Nagar, Hazarduari, Shanti Niketan, Bishnupur. These destinations are highly of the rich cultural heritage of the State of West Bengal. The sample population for this study was composed of tourists who visited in these places in between January 2014 and February 2014. In this study we have 159 observations and are analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16. On the factor score we run regression analysis and get the result R² value 1.000 and 0.999 which are approaching 1 and are reasonably well, it means the variables of factor 1 and factor 2 have great influence on the tourists’ satisfaction at cultural heritage destinations in WB.

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   No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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North-south divide in Climate change negotiations have impeded the formation of a consensus at UNFCC on a legally binding agreement which can succeed the Kyoto Protocol. Three main issues of contention among north and south countries are: transfer of green technologies which will help global south to mitigate and fight climate change, knowledge disparities and the principle of “common but differentiated responsibility” which suggests that rich industrialized world should take more responsibility for environmental damage in terms of actions and commitments.

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Evolvulus alsinoides L. (Family Convolvulaceae) commonly known as Shankhpushpi is traditionally used for the treatment of various human diseases. It is an ingredient of various prescriptions consisting of several herbal components. The present investigation was carried out in the antibacterial activity of leaf extract of Evolvulus alsinoides in aqueous and methanolic solvent against four human pathogenic bacteria namely Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus using Disc Diffusion method. The results revealed that the aqueous leaf extract showed highest antibacterial activity against E.coli however, lowest antibacterial activity in aqueous leaf extract was observed in Bacillus cereus.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Educational inequality is recognized as a curse of nation’s progress. Inequality always obstructs everyone’s path of development. Different eminent educationists had been inspired to provide equality of opportunity in education. Equality in higher education indicates provisions of opportunities to all those who have the required ability to profit from such education and make proper social contribution to return. Despite large scale expansion of educational facilities during seven decades after independence, glorying inequalities still remain in higher education more particularly to the poor and rich, rural and urban and between boys and girls. Karbi-Anglong is the 16th most popular district out of total 27 districts of Assam under the six schedule of Indian Constitution. Last census years show that continuously, there is gender inequality in literacy rate in this district. With some related problems, opportunities of Higher education in rural and urban areas, poor and rich people are not equally distributed in it. Higher education is the new challenge before us that within the year 2020, we must convert our society not only economically vibrant society but also a new society where justice and new values prevail has to be created. Creating such society, we all of us- rich and poor, rural and urban, boys and girls urgently educated with higher education.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Service sector plays very important role in terms of its contribution to GDP and in terms of generation of employment. Private security service industry is one of the key constituent of this sector. In the service sector the role of private security service is increasing drastically. According to Industry sources the estimated market size of private security services is expected to be in excess of INR 1500 billion by 2022. Though there exist government operated police department but still the police to population ratio is very low which make this sector even more popular. The growth of industry can be attributed to growing urbanization, growth in number of shopping malls, ATMs, frequent terror attacks, inability of police personnel to provide round-the-clock security and moreover huge profits in security business. Though there is huge growth in private security business but there are lots of challenges faced by this sector. This paper attempts to identify the challenges faced by the private security industry. To understand the problems of the industry one of the firm providing private security was identified and an attempt was made to analyze the problem faced by the firm.

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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स्वतंत्रता प्राप्त करने के बाद भारत ने स्थानीय स्वशासन की ओर ध्यान देना शुरू किया। स्थानीय स्वशासन के बारे में चूँकि संविधान निर्माताओं ने संवैधानिक व्यवस्था कर रखी थी। 26 जनवरी सन् 1950 को भारतीय संविधान लागू हुआ। चूंकि संविधान में स्थानीय स्वशासन को राज्य सूची के अंतर्गत रखा गया था तथा राज्यों की विधानमण्डल को इसके बारे में कानून बनाने का अधिकार दिया गया था तथा राज्यों के नीति निर्देशक सिद्धान्तों में कहा गया कि ‘‘राज्य का कर्Ÿाव्य होगा कि वह ग्राम पंचायतों को इस ढंग से संगठन करे कि स्थानीय स्वशासन की इकाईयों के रूप में कार्य कर सके।

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Women are play an essential role in the management of natural resources, including soil, water, forests and energy and often have a profound traditional and contemporary knowledge of the natural world around them. The today environment is a pressing global challenge facing our world, and therefore it is essential to focus on advocacy towards understanding the linkages between gender and a variety of environmental and sustainability. In my present study “Sustainability, Gender and Environmental Issues in India: An Overview” is deleted focus on the issues.The environmental degradation on men and women are importantly, the role of women as agents of change in regards to mitigation and adaptation to the changing environment. Men and women use resources differently and have different roles in society.

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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बालकों के साथ-साथ बालिकाओं को शिक्षा मिलनी चाहिये ताकि शिक्षा में व्याप्त लैंगिक असमानता के अंतर को कम किया जा सके और उनके शैक्षिक सशक्तिकरण को बढ़ावा मिल सके इसलिए भारत सरकार ने सर्वशिक्षा अभियान के तहत बालिकाओं को केन्द्र में रखकर मुख्य रूप से जो राष्ट्रीय योजनाएँ शुरू की, उनमें से कस्तूरबा गाँधी बालिका विद्यालय योजना भी एक है इसके अंतर्गत पूरे देश में जगह-जगह कस्तूरबा गाँधी बालिका विद्यालयों की स्थापना की गयी है। छात्राओं की संवेगात्मक बुद्धि द्वारा उनमें ऐसी क्षमता को विकसित किया जा सकता है जिससे विभिन्न रूपों में संवेगों को उचित दिशा देने में मिले जैसे संवेग विशेष का प्रत्यक्षीकरण करना,

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   No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The spin-1/2, quantum antiferromagnetic chains with linearly decreasing exchange coupling are constructed. The exchange coupling beyond a separation (R 1) is zero, where R is a positive integer. For odd values of R, the ground state of all the Hamiltonians consists of two degenerate singlet dimer configurations. These models have low-lying kink excitations with an energy gap. The Majumdar-Ghosh model is the first member of the odd family. The models with even values of R are qualitatively different from the ones with odd values, and admit an exact dimer ground state only in the asymptotic limit when R is infinitely large. The scheme of construction is applied in two and three dimensions, to construct quantum spin models with exact dimer ground states. The Shastry-Sutherland model in two dimensions is a well known example which fits in our general scheme. Many of these models have finite entropy density in their ground states. An interesting property of super stability is pointed out for the dimer ground states of these models.

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   No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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worldwide across cultures, healers attitudes towards mental illness, varies and has never been very favourable. In places where there are no mental health and medical services available, people suffering from mental illness either go or are taken by their relatives to traditional healers without their concern. The World Health Organization (2000) estimates that 80% of the population living in rural areas in developing countries depend on traditional healers for their health care needs. This makes traditional healers a vital first line in identifying people with mental illness who are in need of treatment. Traditional healers have achieved some success in the treatment of mental illness, such as depression, as their treatment often involve talking through problems and in many ways are similar to counselling.. Though healers play a significant role in the treatment of mental illness , they lack knowledge with regard to mental illness which manifest in developing a negative attitude towards mental illness . With this in mind, the study was undertaken with an objective to assess the attitude of traditional healers towards mental illness.

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   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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This paper is an attempt to discover Kālidāsa’s philosophical background and the reflections of his philosophical thoughts in his literature. Since Abhijñānaśākuntalam is a matured and established creation of Kālodāsa as well, it appears beneficial to select this composition for this research perspective. Pratyabhijñādarśan, as a branch of realistic idealism school i.e. Kashmir śaivism comprises a very noteworthy aesthetic aspect. This paper covers the acts of Abhijñānaśākuntalam with its philosophical approach. It is tried to highlight the philosophical concepts of pratyabhijñā in terms of Abhijñānaśākuntalam. It further focuses on the resemblances of protagonist with that of the ontological concepts metaphorically. Mainly, what we are going to discuss is the properties of Pratyabhijñādarśan in Kālidāsa’s work Abhijñānaśākuntalam.

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   No of Download : 3    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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"Bihar in conjunction with UP and MP, today, is facing acute power crisis. In our study, we have a tendency to found that these states are full of offer deficit starting from 10-17 p.c. this could prove a serious hurdle in Bihar's growth story. Industrial locations, in many instances, were established while not relevancy cost-efficient points. every state clamors for the institution of major industries within the public sector among its boundaries, and also the location selections are usually politically actuated. Bihar has registered highest rate of growth of fourteen p.c within the industrial sector throughout 9 years amount of 2004-2012 among BIMARU class states -Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and state - and even higher than the typical industrial growth at national level, aforementioned a study conducted by trade body ASSOCHAM.

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   No of Download : 16    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Geographical Indication contains much information about product due to its registration requirement. GI not only shows the economic value of the product but also it represents history and culture of region. In GI registration different ways of protection and system are exist and also there are differences around the world in preserving traditional ways of protection to give better protection for all kind of GI products but in India we have same registration system for all types of GI products so far. Yet there has no systematic government policies in India for registration and protection of our Geographical Indications.

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