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Volume -7 Issue - 12
Month [Year] -- December [2016]
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   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The present article, “Runway To Partition Of India” endeavors to microscopically evaluate microscopically the year 1942 which has played a crucial role in the partition of India. On partition of India several prominent historians have written volumes of historical literature, e.g.. Hector Bolitho, Jinnah: Creator of Pakistan, 1954, H. V. Hodson, The Great Divide: Britain, India and Pakistan, 1960, Penderel Moon, Divide and Quit, 1961, Nicholas Mansergh, The Transfer of Power 1942-47, 12 vols, 1970-83, Stanley, Wolpert, Jinnah and Pakistan, 1985, P. N. Chopra, ed. ‘Towards Freedom’ Documents on the Movement for Independence in India, 1986, David Page, Prelude to Partition The Indian Muslim Representation in Colonial India, 1989, Amarjit Singh, Punjab Divided Politics of the Muslim League and Partition, 2001, Ian Talbot and Gurharpal Singh, Partition of India, 1909, Indian Cultural Historical Research ‘Towards Freedom’ 1937-47, Vol.1, 1885 and Vol. 11, 1998, New Delhi.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The most general linear operator to transform from new sequence spaces into another sequence space is actually given by an infinite matrix. In the present paper we represent some sequence spaces and give the characterization of (S (p), ) and (S (p), ).

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   No of Download : 17    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Recently Indian government has demonetized the high value currencies i.e. currency notes of 500 and 1000 with objective to unearth the black money, and to curb the corruption, counterfeit currency as well as terror financing. This decision was considered as biggest cleanliness drive against the black money in the history of Indian economy. But there is various view of experts on demonetization, as some argues that it will hit the black money. Demonetization was an effort to stop of the current banknotes allegedly used for funding terrorism, as well as crack down on black money in the country. Demonetization is an established practice in monetary policy to tackle black money. The stock of the black money constitutes as major part of the GDP is significant. It can be said that this is a historical step and must the supported by all people to reduce black money.

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Can a woman’s experience spoils a man’s career; can a woman’s voice, a woman’s sense of self-worth and injustice, challenge a structure of dominance by men. The images of women as we know it is an image created by men and fashioned to suit their needs. They are presented as romantic victims, witches, lustrous, adulterous and vigorous. As we see in fairy tales like Snow White, Cinderella, Sleeping Beauty and Beauty in the Beast, etc. In all these tales, there is always a man or a prince to save a woman from evil power. On the other side, there are step mothers of Cinderella and Snow White, who always try to harm them. So, what we are trying to convey is that the women represent either as witchery or as a pure/innocent. Usually, no another way is used to represent women in the stories. But, here we have two eminent writers like Salman Rushdie and Ayaan Hirsi Ali, being brought up among women, such as sisters, cousins, grandmothers and aunts; they claim that they have a great influence on their works. The women in their works have shown to resist the conventional expectations that are placed upon them by a patriarchal system. They emerge as a free spirit one who does not want to bind in any fixed frame. Hirsi Ali’s knowledge of the realities of Islam is rooted in her own traumatic experiences. At a very early age, her home country Somalia, she was subjected to female genital mutilation and forced marriage. We shed light on the perspectives from which we argue that Ayaan Hirsi Ali and Salman Rushdie exalt the many strides taken by women, their performance centres on how power is attained by the powerless female protagonists through self-sacrifice, tolerance and an indomitable spirit. They learned to observe ‘the instructions, quarrels, laughter and ambitions of these women, these renowned writers attempt to analyse the silence of marginal women that is unheard.

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   No of Download : 33    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

नगर निगम नगरीय स्थानीय शासन का शीर्षस्थ होने का अर्थ यह है कि वह अन्य प्रकार के नगर-षासनों पर सत्ता का प्रयोग करता है। भारत में नगरीय स्थानीय शासन का संगठन गा्रमीण स्थानीय शासन की भाँति सोपानात्मक नहीं है। नगर निगम संस्था के रुप में अधिक सम्माननीय है और अन्य नगर निकायों की तुलना में अधिक स्वायत्तता का उपभोग करता है। नगर निगम की स्थापना राज्य के विधानांग1 द्वारा पारित विषेष संविधि के अन्तर्गत की जाती है। राजस्थान की राजधानी जयपुर शहर निरन्तर प्रगति की और अग्रसर हो रहा है। ऐसे में शहर को स्वच्छ व व्यवस्थित रुप से रखने की जिम्मेदारी नगर निगम की होती है। इस लेख में भारत व जयपुर नगर निगम की संरचना का अध्ययन किया गया है। नगर निगम का अर्थ- नगरीय स्वायत्त शासन संस्थाओं के क्षेत्र में सर्वाधिक महत्वपूर्ण एवं शीर्षस्थ संस्था ही नगर निगम कहलाती है। हमारे देष में प्रायः बड़े शहरों या महानगरों में ही नगर निगम की स्थापना की जाती है। नगर निगमों को परिषद या नगर पालिकाओं की तुलना में अधिक प्रषासकीय शक्तियाँ, करारोपण शक्तियाँ तथा प्रषासकीय स्वायत्तता प्राप्त होती है।2 नगर निगमों की स्थापना राज्य विधान मण्डलों द्वारा बनाये गये कानूनों के अन्तर्गत होती है।3 यदि नगर निगम केन्दª शासित प्रदेष में स्थित है तो संसद इसके लिये कानून बनाती है। इस प्रकार स्पष्ट है कि नगर निगमों की स्थापना प्रायः राज्य द्वारा पारित किये गये अधिनियम के अधीन होती है। वस्तुतः यह एक ’निगम निकाय’ होती है, इसकी अपनी एक सार्व मुदªा होती है तथा अविच्छिन्न या शाष्वत उत्तराधिकार होता है। कानून की दृष्टि से नगर निगम एक वैध व्यक्ति है। यह सम्पत्ति आदि का क्रय-विक्रय कर सकता है तथा इस पर व इसके द्वारा दूसरों पर मुकदमा चलाया जा सकता है।

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Indian government has made education for every child (below 14 years) compulsory and each one is entitled to get free primary education. Yet, primary education remains a basic worry.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Learning is the process of absorbing new information is a meaningful way and putting to use. Learning style can change over time and can be modified purposely information does not always come to them in their preferred way. Main purpose of the present paper was to found the impact of home and school environment on learning style of senior secondary school students.

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The study was undertaken to study the Emotional Intelligence of male and female students. Total sample consisted of randomly selected 400 students from various colleges of Kanpur city of Uttar Pradesh. Of these four hundred students 200 were male and 200 were female. It was hypothesized that there is no significant difference in Emotional Intelligence of Male and Female students. Data was statistically analyzed by ANOVA. The male student (Mean - 116.99, SD - 17.5) had slightly higher mean score than female students (Mean - 115.7, SD - 17.32). ANOVA (F-Ratio=0.55, Not Significant at .05level) revealed no significant difference between the groups. It is concluded that null hypothesis is accepted.

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   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

समकालीन महिला कथाकारों ने नारी की मनोदशा उसके अन्तरमन को विभिन्न समस्याओं से संबंध अन्तद्र्वद्व को जिस संजीदगी के साथ पाठको के समक्ष प्रस्तुत किया है जो पाठको को समाज में उसकी स्थिति व मनोदशा के संबंध में सोचने पर मजबूर कर देती है उन्होने अपनी सभी कहानियों में भारतीय परिवार की मेरूदण्ड कही जाने वाली नारी के विभिन्न रूप और उनकी समाज में स्थिति को व मनोदषा को पाठको के समक्ष तीव्र रूप में प्रस्तुत करते है।

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Work life balance is a state of equilibrium in which the demand of both professional & personal life is equal. A balanced life for women is one where they spread their energy & effort between key areas of importance. This study deals with the issue of balancing work and personal life among women employees. This paper examines impact of work life balance on the performance of women employees and the support received by their family members. The present study also focuses on initiatives taken by the institutions for effective work life balance.

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The term poverty was used long before social sciences conceived the idea of dividing society into different compartments and came up with the concept of social stratification. Poverty is a vague and value loaded concept. Consider the term ‘poverty’ as explained in Random House Dictionary1as “the state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support”. Similarly, Valentine (1968)2 refers to poverty as “a condition of being in want of something that

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   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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India is agrarian country; nearly 70 per cent of the country is rural area and more than 60 percent of the people’s life depends on agriculture and professions related to it. Agricultural sector is the largest employer in India's economy but contributes to a declining share of its GDP (17% in 2013-14).

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

ग्यारहवीं शताब्दी में परमार वंश में एक ऐसे मनीषी का प्रादुर्भाव हुआ, जिसने संस्कृत वेफ विभिन्न क्षेत्रों को अपनी रचना से उपकृत किया। वे मनीषी हैं सरस्वतीमाता वेफ वरदपुत्रा महाराज भोजदेव। उनकी सर्वतोन्मुखी प्रतिभा को देखकर कोई भी विद्वान् आश्चर्यचकित हुए बिना नहीं रह सकता क्योंकि भोजदेव की रचनायें विश्व में न वेफवल संख्या की दृष्टि से अपितु विषय की विविध्ता से भी अपूर्व हैं। भोज ने काव्यशास्त्रा, व्याकरणशास्त्रा, दर्शनशास्त्रा, वास्तुशास्त्रा, यु(कौशल, आयुर्वेद आदि सभी शास्त्रों से सम्बन्ध्ति ग्रन्थों की रचना की।

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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After independence,the Government of India knows that farming improvement in India could be accomplished just with the change of India's country institutional structure. It was said that the degree of the use of farming assets would be dictated by the institutional system under which the different sources of info were put to utilize. Land change, a purposive change in the path in which farming land is held or possessed, the strategies for development that are utilized, or the connection of agribusiness to whatever remains of the economy.

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   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The present study was an attempt to evaluate the degree of components between kho-kho and Kabaddi girls’ players of Haryana. To carry out this study, 100 subjects 50 from (Kho-Kho) and 50 from (Kabaddi) game. The age limit of players was ranged between 10 to 15 years. The samples were taken from Mohindergarh, Rewari, Rohtak and Bhiwani districts of Haryana. Only speed, explosive power of arms and agility were used to measure the physical fitness components. The mean was computed for comparison of players of different districts. To assess the significance of differences between the means in case of significant t-values’’ test was applied. The level of significance was 0.05.

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   No of Download : 16    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Simone de Beauvoir writes : “One is not born a woman but becomes a woman”. In Simone’s philosophical works we notice that she traces the development of male oppression through historical, literary, and mythical sources, attributing its contemporary effects on women to a systematic objectification of the male as a positive norm. It identifies the female as other. This consequently leads to a loss of social and personal identity. The variety of alienation unique to the experience of women.

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

दलित वर्ग हजारों वर्षो तक अस्पृश्य या अछूत समझी जाने वाली उन तमाम शोषित जातियों के लिए सामूहिक रूप में प्रयूक्त होता है जो हिंदू-ध्र्मशास्त्रों द्वारा हिंदू समाज व्यवस्था में सबसे निचले पायदान पर स्थित है। संवैधनिक भाषा में इन्हें ही अनुसूचित जाति कहा जाता है।

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   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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: For the development of any economy the industrial development is needed and for this adequate finance is required. Access to finance through financial institutions plays an important role in this aspect. It has been seen over the years in the entire World industrialization has helped in eliminating the problems of any developing economy. It helps in bringing about balanced regional development, social equality and equitable distribution of income and wealth and solves the problems of unemployment .Though several sources of finance are there to cater to the financial needs of the industries the financial institutions have played an important role in our country

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Materials management is a total concept involving an organizational structure unifying into a single responsibility, the systematic flow and control of material from identification of the need through customer delivery. The definition of materials management given above has been accepted by the International Federation of Purchasing and Materials Management. Included within this concept are the material functions of planning, scheduling, buying, storing, moving and distributing. These are logically represented by disciplines of production and inventory control, purchasing and physical distribution.

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The purpose of this paper is to examine the controversy over the genetically modified food in the light of the events happened in southern Africa in 2002. It further explores how various southern African countries like Zambia rejected the genetically modified American food aid while they were suffering from a famine and acute food shortage. This instance resulted in intense negotiations among the actors involved, which I intend to examine throughout the length of the paper.

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The story revolves around four characters: Dr. Aziz, his British friend Mr. Cyril Fielding, Mrs. Moore, and Miss Adela Quested. During a trip to the Marabar Caves (modeled on the Barabar Caves of Bihar), Of all the characters in the novel, Fielding is clearly the most associated with Forster himself. Among the Englishmen in Chandrapore, Fielding is far and away most the successful at developing and sustaining relationships with native Indians. Though he is an educator, he is less comfortable in teacher-student interaction than he is in one-on-one conversation with another individual. This latter style serves as Forster’s model of liberal humanism—Forster and Fielding treat the world as a group of individuals who can connect through mutual respect, courtesy, and intelligence.

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   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In my present paper I would focus on the Disaster Management Organizations in south Asia: Challenges and Opportunities. South Asia is facing increasing frequency of hazards, which are leading to high magnitude disasters in the region. People who are poor and vulnerable are most impacted by those disasters. Disasters are one of the causes making poor people poorer. The hazards and disasters in South Asia have a common nature due to shared geo-physical and hydro-meteorological features; and human interventions. In addition, the experience and root causes of disasters are common across the region. This reality provides the essential basis for the need, as well as the opportunity, for regional action. SAARC Social Charter; establishing the SAARC Coastal Zone Management Centre in Male, the SAARC Meteorological Research Centre in Dhaka, the SAARC Centre for Disaster.

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Uttarakhand is a newly established hilly state in northern part of india. The southern part of the state encompassing the district of Dehradun, Haridwar, Udhamsingh nagar and some part of Nainital are highest in density of population than rest of hilly districts. Most part of the hilly district is remote and away from basic amenities. Education and literacy are also adversely affected due to the tough geographical situations as access of education managing resource development and stay of teachers and supportive employees. The Educatonal scenario of the state is as under.

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In a democracy, the question of how voter’s choices are constrained and conditioned has become a cornerstone for any voting behavior analysis. The conditioning takes place due to existing electoral system, limited range of voting options, social and geographic context in which voters live and the ways in which politics is presented to the voters. Elections and the consequent distributions of governmental power help determine the interest equilibrium between different sectors of society- urban and rural residents, rich and poor, men and women, public and private sector workers and those with different religious, linguistics, racial or ethnic backgrounds. As a result, rational and self interest voters might vote for the parties that further their group interests. This led to the rise of social cleavage voting- voting that reflects economic, religious, linguistics, ethnic and other interests.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The word “theme”, now the most hackneyed of cliches in criticism, is also one of the bugbears. Only within the framework of this central drive can the real significance of the detail be grasped at all. To connect, for example, Giles Winterborne’s –The Woodlanders- meeting with Grace while he holds up his apple tree in the market place merely with the theme or rural fertility, and Marty South’s selling her hair with the “commercial themes” would be implicitly informative as well as indicative. Thus, several of the incidents in Hardy’s works forge the sustained metaphor.

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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An occupational disease is any chronic ailment that occurs as a result of work or occupational activity. It is an aspect of occupational safety and health. An occupational disease is typically identified when it is shown that it is more prevalent in a given body of workers than in the general population, or in other worker populations.

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Workplace spirituality is not about systematized follows. It’s not about religion of about any spiritual leader. Adequately, workplace spirituality is about identifying that takes place in the context of an organizational community. Organizations that endorse a spiritual culture identify that employees have both a mind and a spirit, pursue to find meaning and purpose in their work, and wish to bond with other employees and be part of a community.The concept of spirituality pulls on the ethics, values, motivation, wok/life balance, and leadership essentials of an organization. Spiritual organizations are directed towards helping employees cultivate and reach their capabilities. They are also focused on tackling problems created by work life battles.

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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निःसन्देह कुषाण वंश का उदय और उसके साम्राज्य का विस्तार आज भी भारतीय इतिहासकार और शोधार्थियों को अपनी ओर आकर्षित करती है। और इसमें भी कोई सन्देह नहीं की कुषाण वंश का उदय न केवल भारतीय इतिहास और संस्कृति को प्रभावित किया वरण् पूरे विश्व (खास कर पश्चिम से पूर्वी भू-भाग पर) के सांस्कृतिक इतिहास में उसका योगदान रहा। ऐसे में कनिष्क सम्राज्य के विस्तार का और उसके योगदान का अध्ययन करना एक शोधार्थी के शोध का विषय होना स्वभाविक ही होता है। वैसे तो कुषाण वंश भी शक, पहल्वन और यवन जातियों की तरह एक विदेशी जाति थे, तथापि भारत के विदेशी अक्रांता में सबसे प्रभावशाली कुषाण, जाति ही थी। इस जाति ने भारत देश की राजनीति पर अपना प्रभाव छोड़ा और कला के विकास तथा धार्मिक जीवन में भी इसका महत्त्वपूर्ण योगदान था।

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The purpose of this study is to show whether people’s tendencies towards individualistic and/or collectivistic values have any significant impact on the way these people would resolve psychosocial conflicts. The part of culture that highlights the tendency of human nature to imbibe individualistic and/or collectivistic tendencies will further shed light on how psychosocial conflicts are viewed and handled. Collectivistic values emphasise on the distinction between in-groups and out-groups, focus on what people have in common and engage in cooperative tasks. Individualistic values, on the other hand characterises a distinct individual, emphasising on competitive tasks.

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Traditionally, the right of prisoners to have visitors while incarcerated has been strictly limited by prison authority. The liberalizing trend of judicial decisions over the years regarding visitors and associations have been drastically curtailed by such cases as Sandin v. Conner ,1 which held that only state created liberty interests were constitutionally protected. However, limits on the rights of prison authorities to search visitors remain viable, either on the fourth amendment grounds or privacy grounds.

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   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Retailing is growing at a rapid pace in India and has been reported as one of the top five fastest growing retail destinations globally. It accounts 14-15% (Corporate Catalyst) 0f India’s GDP and second largest source of employment after agriculture. Traditionally, retailing was dominated by unorganized retail but now scenario is changed organized retailing developing in rapid pace. NCR region is hub of organized retail and consumers in NCR region are more aware. So, attract to consumer retailers made different type of strategies.

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The caste system in India is an old one. Traditional life of the India’s rural areas or villages is depended on caste. Many persons who belong to the upper caste own the land and can exercise monopoly power. The lower caste persons, called ‘untouchables’ are available to provide services to people from higher caste. Each caste had their classic occupation. In this caste system, lowest caste (Dalit) as per the categorization, belongings hold the low paying jobs like labourers for the agriculture and safai karamchari (sweeper). The term untouchability is used for Harijan (low caste) because these Harijans are not allowed to enter in the temple, use public wells, enter in the house of dominant caste and precluded from the attending the festivals of the villages. The Harijans are compelled to live separately from the other high castes. In this paper we examine the present caste system in India and the discrimination faced by the lower castes. This discrimination over a period of time shows people are prevented from using the wells, entering temples in India (especially in rural India). But the form of discrimination has changed currently both in rural and urban India namely in the employment sector etc., e.g. after getting higher education, there is presence of caste discrimination which prevents the people from lower castes to go for a jobs that pay higher salaries. In this paper we try to present the problem of caste discrimination and some possible solution to this problem e.g. affirmative action in India. Also see the possible consequences of such an affirmative action.

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Chronic Disease like HIV/AIDS often precipitates about the redefinition of individual self . The prominence of a particular identity might also be influence by the intrinsic or extrinsic rewards received for enacting that identity ( Mccall and Simmons, 1978) . The loss of positive social identity such as a work identity due to the reveal of HIV/AIDS identity and that meant that individuals were afflicted with negative social identity within the culture that hold individual social responsibilities for their health . HIV/AIDS identity constituted a nexus that affects the others salience identity also and function symbolically one can’t be isolated from others .

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

This is a true fact to consider that pricing and packaging has become a trend of the modern competitive market. Considering this, there are some analysts who preserve an opinion that clients have to keep away from over packed and expensive merchandise even as others consider consumers should not keep away from over packed products. This paper will deliver assertion on each sides of the contention before deducing a reasonable conclusion.

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   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Tobacco smoking is among the largest preventable causes of premature deaths globally. Youth demographic segment is characterized where highest rate of smoking habit can be found, the anti smoking advertisement so designed mainly to influence the youth. The study is also discussing the need of change in the present advertisement strategy in this arena. The sample groups were taken from Kanhangad Municipality in Kasaragod district in Kerala state. The study aims to set an analytical background about whether these advertisement makes any significant changes in smoking habits among youth along with to find out any defect in existing marketing or advertisement strategy .Furthermore drafting a better frame work in this regard. The main objectives of the study were to study the smoking habit among youth in Kanhangad Municipality. and analyze Anti-smoking advertisements campaign and also study the effectiveness and influence of Anti-Smoking advertisement campaign among youth . However it is concluded that Anti smoking advertisement is the advertisement which are opposed to or promoting the discontinuance of the smoking of tobacco and these are effective in reducing smoking habit. In short, the government experienced a considerable outcome from the advertisement, so bring more innovative idea and type of advertisement for a far better result.

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   No of Download : 24    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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I take this opportunity to thank Professor Yogesh Sharma, Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, for constantly guide from the very beginning of my research, from M. Phil, Ph D and Post Doctoral Research. Without his guidance and supervision it would be impossible for to reach this far. In spite of my poor background Professor Yogesh Sharma, continue to encourage regardless of his busy schedule. Whenever I seek any help, he never hesitates to instruct me in the right direction. Apart of this I am very grateful to the University Grant Commission for giving me Post Doctoral Fellowship, which I am very indebted without this financial assistance I would not able to pursue further studies.

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The idea of this abstract is to give a general overview of the security implications and regional supportive initiatives on water resources managing in Central Asia. This topic also reviews some of the proposed international water infrastructures and executive plans such as: the Golden Century Lake in the Kara-Kum desert in Turkmenistan; The Rogun and Sangtuda dam and hydro plant projects in Tajikistan; the Kambarata hydro plant projects in Kyrgyzstan; the planned increase of water use demand from the Amu-Darya by Afghanistan, and the plan for divert the Irtych and Ob rivers to the Aral Sea in Kazakhstan and the projection for regional cooperation include: the establishing of official mechanisms on water resources administration in Central Asia based on international water law principles to help and support from international agencies and donors, and an integrated social, economic and environmental approaches. The Water interdependence is a major concerns in Central Asia, and that the fretful action by all regional states should be the way to solve the water managing problems.

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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During current decade 2001-11 the growth rate of population in India as a whole s well as in rural declined as compared to the last decade 1991-2001. However in urban area the same has shown the upward trend. One of the primary reasons for such a trend is migration from rural to urban areas (Census 2011). The urbanization is primarily due to the non-availability of basic (including financial) facilities in these areas. Regulatory authorities of India have initiated many steps to mitigate the problem and provision of click banking services is one of the most dynamic expedient in this direction. E-banking has alchemized the conventional way of banking. It provides countless benefits to its users like 24x7 availability, better accessibility, saving in transaction cost saving, quick operations etc.

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Emotions are special ingredients in the life of an individual. Understanding people’s experiences of music is influenced by a number of personal, social, political and cultural factors. In the present study an attempt was made to understand how personal experiences and state of mind influence and shape the music of an individual and how does it get impacted by the music in return, that is how people understand and express their emotions through music. Along with this, an attempt was also made to explore the various facets of shringara rasa and it was found that shringara (love) existed in variety of forms: erotic, parental love and divine love and how participants deal with these various forms. Five qualitative interviews and two biographies were taken for the same and thematic analysis was used to make meaning of the data.

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   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

यूं तो सभी आधुनिक कलाआंे का उत्पती आदिवासी कलाएं रही हैं पर समकालीन कला में जिनमे दो आदिवासी कलाकारों का नाम पहले आता है, उनमें एक हैं महाराष्ट्र के जिव्या सोमा मशे और दूसरे हैं छत्तीसगढ़ के जनगढ़ सिंह श्याम। ये दोनों परंपरा को लेकर चलने वाले और परंपरा की नई परंपरा विकसित करने वाले कलाकार हैं। समकालीन भारतीय चित्रकला के क्षेत्र में इन दोनों की कला परंपरा से जुड़े कलाकारों की संख्या सबसे ज्यादा है। शौकिया या आधुनिक कला संस्थानों से प्रशिक्षित आदिवासी कलाकारों का एक दूसरा वर्ग है जिनकी संख्या बहुत कम है। ऐसे आधुनिक आदिवासी कलाकारों में से से कुछ को पिछले कुछ दशकों के दौरान अपने-अपने प्रांतों के भीतर अच्छी खासी प्रसिद्धी मिली है और कुछे एक की कलाकृतियों ने राष्ट्रीय प्रदर्शनियों मंे भी जगह बना पाने में सफलता हासिल की है। नागालैंड के तेमसुयांगेर लोंगकुमेर जैसे एक-दो कलाकार अंतरराष्ट्रीय स्तर पर भी चर्चित हुए हैं। लेकिन समकालीन कला के क्षेत्र में अभी भी पारंपरिक आदिवासी कलाएं ही लोगों के आकर्षण का प्रमुख केंद्र बनी हुई हैं।

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   No of Download : 21    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

शहरी गरीबों को आवास पूर्ति हेतु कांशीराम शहरी आवास प्रबंधन, आबंटन, लाभार्थी के लिए जो मानक एवं प्रावधान निर्धारित हैं उनकी उपेक्षा से राज्य-समाज पर अच्छे-बुरे प्रभावों के आंकलन की आवश्यकता महसूस करते हुए मैंने कांशीराम शहरी गरीब आवासों के आवंटी-निवासियों की स्थितियों, निगरानी तथा प्रबंधकीय एवं मानकीय व्यवस्था के प्रदर्शित वर्तमान स्वरूपों पर कालोनियों का अवलोकन आवश्यक समझा है। इसी आधार पर मैंने उ.प्र.के कानपुर मंडल के फर्रूखाबाद जिले में बनी कांशीराम शहरी गरीब आवासों योजना के अन्तर्गत निर्मित 1500 आवासों जिनमें बंधौआ-फतेहगढ़ के 36, टाउनहाल के 168 एवं हैवतपुर गढ़िया के 1296 आवास शामिल है, समस्त आवासों में जाकर निरीक्षण-अवलोकन एवं जनसंपर्क किया तथा सभी आवासों के आवंटियों, निवासियों, परिवारों, प्रतिपाल्यों पड़ोसियों से वार्ता कर स्थिति एवं समस्याओं से संबंधित ब्यान दर्ज किए तथा औपचारिक-अनौपचारिक माध्यम से विभागों एवं संस्थाओं से सम्बन्धित जानकारी प्राप्त कर तथ्य संकलित किए। सरकारी आदेशों, संहिताओं एवं कांशीराम शहरी आवास व्यवस्थाओं का अध्ययन एवं अवलोकन से प्राप्त जानकारी के आंकड़ों पर विचार करके मैंने यह जानने का प्रयास किया कि क्या कांशीराम शहरी गरीब आवासों का आवंटन, आवंटी, निवासी, सुविधाएं, प्रबंधन, निरीक्षण, व्यवस्थाएँ आदि मानक युक्त हैं या नहीं।

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

प्रस्तुत आलेख ‘‘सिन्ध्ुाकालीन धर्म और वैदिक धर्म में तुलना’’ है। इस आलेख में सिर्फ मोटे तौर पर अवलोकन करने का प्रयास करेंगे। इस विषय में विस्तृत शोध की आवश्यकता है। प्राचीन भारतीय इतिहास के विवादस्पद पहलूओं में ‘आर्यों का आगमन’, ‘सिन्धु सभ्यता का पतन’ आदि रहा है। प्रारंभ से ही औपनिवेशिक इतिहासकारों ने ‘आर्य’ को विदेशी बतलाया है।

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