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Volume -7 Issue - 3
Month [Year] -- March [2016]
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   No of Download : 24    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Women and their rights towards education, gainful employment, basic amenities like drinking water and sanitation, housing, health and quality of living have gained greater recognition in the last quarter of the 20th century. The impact of this change in the society’s attitude and treatment of its women is clear in the present century when legislation is more effective in reaching the development benefits to women.

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   No of Download : 23    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Mahasweta Devi is one of the leading writers of our times. Translated into many languages, her works have won her international acclaim and prestige. Her voluminous writings, cemented by her activism, has made her the celebrated writer of social commitment. Committed to the cause of tribals, peasants, landless labourers, bonded slaves and oppressed women, Mahasweta Devi has wielded her pen to raise the voice of these downtrodden people. The mother of 1084 is one of the most read novels of Mahasweta Devi. Set in the background of the Naxalite Movement of Bengal in the seventies, this novel focuses on the emotional and psychological crisis of a mother whose son is killed in this movement. Sujata, the mother of Brati, becomes the voice of all women who have to bear the emotional setback due to this and other such movements. Sujata becomes a living dead body after her son's death. Analysing the cause of this movement and the death of her son, she comes face to face with her own real self which hitherto has been suppressed by her callous husband. In this paper my endeavour will be to trace Sujata's journey through the emotional vacuum created Brati's death.

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   No of Download : 21    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Self-discipline and Student discipline and is a complicated process in students’ life this involves a lot of people like school staff, students and their parents. It may mean something very different to people from different backgrounds, with different experiences and in different circumstances. Most schools have rules and a reward/punishment scheme to monitor students’ behaviour. Thus when the issue of discipline turns up in to a discussion, then the argument would centre on how many rules there should be, whether there is too much or too little punishment, and what kind of punishment and reward works best. In this article I will present a meaning of discipline in students’ life, importance of discipline, the causes of indiscipline and I will suggest ways to instill discipline and how a teacher can maintain disciplinein the classroom.

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   No of Download : 17    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Racial and cultural harmony is very much essential for peaceful existence of a society or a country. In the absence of the same, we, even, cannot imagine the harmonious relationships among its various constituents. Jhumpa Lahiri, a very powerful name in the field of diasporic literature, very skillfully portrays the racial and cultural conflicts in her short story collection Unaccustomed Earth. Race, culture and ethnicity are the very significant identities that distinguish one society from another. They help in deciding a separate national identity for the nationals of a country. Lahiri's Unaccustomed Earth provides the readers with different paradigms of the life of the characters with Indian roots and American life. The stories in the collection deal with the large section of second generation Indian-Americans, their cultural traditions, value system, their feeling for home and of homelessness. Lahiri Projects these Indian-Americans as 'self-chosen exiles' and 'transnational hybrids'. As a separate racial and cultural identity, they feel a magnetic field of their 'home culture' operative on their minds. The first generation Indian-Americans are caught in the cultural limbo, whereas the next generation Indian-immigrants are the victims of emotional vacuum and hyphenated existence. My endeavour in the paper is to come out with the hands on experience of the protagonists of the stories of the collection and their realizations in the American setup.

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   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Permission Marketing is an approach to selling goods and services in which a prospect explicitly agrees in advance to receive marketing information. Opt-in e-mail, where Internet users sign up in advance for information about certain product categories, is a good example of permission marketing. Advocates of permission marketing argue that it is effective because the prospect is more receptive to a message that has been requested in advance and more cost-efficient because the prospect is already identified and targeted. In a world of information overload, automated telemarketing, and spam, most people welcome the idea of permission marketing. Permission marketing is a strategy, primarily utilizing email and mobile technology, to send consumers information that they have agreed to receive. When integrated with other forms of marketing, permission marketing's strength is its ability to collect consumer information. As the uptake of the Internet continues, the opportunity for pharmaceutical companies to reach consumers online broadens.

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The Naxalite Movement of the Seventies was occurred in the political climate of West Bengal. The Naxalites raised their voice against the established order and fought for the cause of poor exploited by the landlords, industrialists, capitalists and bureaucrats. In the spring of 1967, the peasants of Naxalbari in West Bengal aided by the intellectual Left in love with communist ideology staged a successful rebellion against the landlords who were supported by the system. However the socialist ideology of the movement attracted many young men both from the higher and lower rank of the society. They believed that revolution would give rise to a new era where inequality, injustice would fail to exist and revolutionary zeal set in.

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   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The proposed research aims to study the customer buying behavior towards Private Label Brands. The research comprises of the factors contributing towards buying behaviour such as pricing, quality, brand awareness, promotion, peer influence, brand image, acceptability on consumer buying behavior with respect to PLBs under three different categories. The proposed research will investigate the buying behaviour of customers for PLBs and their involvement in purchasing of such PLBs in the retail segment.

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   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Marital rape is a social crime, violating the fundamental right and dignity of a married woman. It de-shapes the concept of Patriarchy and breaches the trust of a wife. In spite of that has not been criminalized as rape in India, because of our belief that marriages are sacred. But then how does one justify violence within a marriage? Does a woman have to write off all her rights over her body when she enters into matrimony? Statistics paint a disturbing picture about the condition of married women in our country. We live in a society where marriage is seen as a license for sexual pleasure, but what happens when the sex is not consensual? Is it legal for a husband to rape his wife? Is it because a wife is being considered an object or the property of the husband? Why there are different set of rules for women facing sexual violence outside a marriage and within? Why is our country in oblivion about the atrocities committed on women after marriage? Today we talk about empowerment of women in broad perspectives. But in such a male dominated society, would women be empowered in true sense without criminalizing marital rape? The main purpose of this paper is to explore the socio-political and legal paradoxes regarding marital rape, provide arguments and reasons necessitating criminalization of marital rape and lastly, recommend certain behavioural norms that can be adopted in the society to improve the situation of women in this area.

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   No of Download : 26    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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शिक्षा व्यक्ति के सर्वांगीण विकास का सशक्त माध्यम है। शिक्षा के द्वारा ही व्यक्ति अपनी शारीरिक, मानसिक एवं आत्मिक उन्नति कर सकता है। व्यक्ति के मन में सहृदयता का भाव जाग्रत होता है एवं उसके राग, द्वेष, स्वार्थ, घृणा का साधारणी करण हो जाता है। शिक्षित व्यक्ति ही अपने विवेक व स्वतन्त्रता से जीवन के सभी संघर्ष का सामना करता है। स्वामी विवेकानन्द ने शिक्षा का उद्देश्य‘‘ Man Making Character Build in यानि व्यक्तित्व विकास व चरित्र निर्माण बताया है।

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   No of Download : 22    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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भारत मेें कृषि का जन्म प्राचीन इतिहास के मध्यपाषाण काल से चला आ रहा है । जो सर्वप्रथम बेलन घाटी-चैपानी माण्डों से अब तक मानव अपनी आवश्कता के अनुरूप कृषि का विकास करता आ रहा है। कृषि भारत की मूल अर्थव्यवस्था भी है इस दृष्टि से भी विकास होता गया , यहाँ तक कि वाणिकवादी (17 वीं शताब्दी) तथा प्रकृतिवादी, (18 वीं शताब्दी) अर्थशास्त्रीयों ने भी कृषि के विकास पर जोर दिया कि कृषि उत्पादों की वृद्धि कर ज्यादा से ज्यादा निर्यात कर सके जिसके बदले में स्वर्ण हम अपने पास प्राaप्त कर सके। परन्तु 18 वीं शताब्दी के अन्त तथा 19 वीं शताब्दी के प्रारम्भ में अंग्रेजो ने हमारी कृषि के विकास को अवरूद्ध कर दिया और खाद्यान्न की कमी हो गयी अर्थव्यवस्था टूटने के कगार पर आ गयी।

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   No of Download : 31    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In this tech-era, English has a special and predominant role in the communicative sphere of the world. It has created a special identity in the field of education and acts as an instrument, a means for acquiring knowledge. In India, the language plays an important role in every student’s life. Every student wants to master it and tries all challenging ways and means. He takes utmost effort to develop his speaking skills. The language has become a vital part of a student’s life. In the current scenario, the language has an extended role to play in qualifying tests like IELTS, TOEFL etc. and there is also a need for the language to support the students to fetch a good job. The objective of this paper is to discuss the changing needs of language skills to prepare students for careers and also to face the competitive world.

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   No of Download : 24    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In the changing global scenario the impact of foreign institutional investors on Indian stock market is very high and its effects need to be studied. They have emerged as very significant players in the Indian stock market and their growing contribution and participation adds as an important aspect for the development of stock markets in India. Indian Stock Markets have reached new heights and became more volatile making the researches work in this dimension of establishing the link between FIIs and Stock Market .This paper makes an attempt to develop an understanding of the dynamics FIIs and effect on the Indian equity market. The study is conducted using data from BSE Sensex and FII activity over a period spanning from Jan.2003 to Dec 2012. It provides the evidence of significant positive correlation between FII activity and effects on Indian Stock Market.

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   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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With the onset of every census report, the overall sex ratio of Sikkim appears to be unfortunate, much lower than the national average. On the contrary, fascinatingly, the child sex ratio of the state always testifies higher than the national average. Despite of relatively open and peaceful society in the tranquil Himalayan region, the declining overall sex ratio has almost all disheartening. Since the attitude of the people as well as state data shows a positive orientation towards the girls. With this perspective an attempt has been made in this paper to analyze the distorted sex ratio in the state which really becomes an issue of serious concern.

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   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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IFRSs refers to the new numbered series of pronouncements that the IASB is issuing, as distinct from the International Accounting Standards (IASs) series issued by its predecessor. More broadly, IFRSs refers to the entire body of IASB pronouncements, including standards and interpretations approved by the IASB and IASs and SIC interpretations approved by the predecessor International Accounting Standards Committee. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs in February 2015 has issued the Companies Rules, 2015(Indian Accounting Standards-Ind AS) notification. This lays down a roadmap for implementation of Ind AS converged with IFRS. While this will be mandatory from April 1, 2016, the figures from the previous year need to be presented as per the Ind AS standards.

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   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The concept of civil society in India, even as an attempt to establish civility which gained public attention in the 1980s, was essentially seen as the opposite of despotism. Since then, it seems that it is not the ‘State’ but the ‘Society’ that has emerged as the driving wheel of the political history of India. Why has this shift occurred in the late 1980s in Indian political scenario? As M. P. Singh has put it “the tragedy of the Indian state is that it has become over-loaded even before it has started to provide welfare to its citizens and it has lapsed into ungoverned ability even before it ever started to govern properly. This was further deteriorated by the then political elites; those who were the victims of their own misunderstanding, not only of the Indian tradition but also of independent India’s model of development.”1 These scenarios will be unpacked in a section to follow. Let us for the time being note that for over two decades now, there has been a deluge of writings on various civil society initiatives in India. My general contention is that we can identify the growth of civil society in the Indian context, by looking at the various modes of social movements/non-party political formations, processes/grassroots - movements/mass based organizations as social-action groups. Let me at this point provide two definitions of civil society, which will help us mainly to substantiate the wider arguments of this paper.

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   No of Download : 22    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Marketing is at the core of all business activities. Without marketing, organizations cannot sell and without sales there is no revenue and without revenue people cannot run businesses. Most of the people prefer to buy the products online. India Ranks 3rd after China in terms of increasing Online shopping trend. The evolution of online shopping has opened the door of opportunity to exploit and provide a competitive advantage over firms. This paper analyzed the growth of online shopping in India. The main aim is to provide theoretical contribution in understanding the present status of online shopping and explores the advantages to consumers by online shopping.

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   No of Download : 191    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Mythology has been an inevitable source and subject of study in literature down the ages. The writers since many ages have tried to re-interpret the previous myths. The intent here is to provide a new perspective to the long-established myths of the centuries. Recently the new breed of writers like Amish Tripathi, Ashok Banker and Ashwin Sanghi are experimenting the mythology genre by blending it with the other modes of writing. These writers have started a new tradition by blending mythology with fantasy mode. With this kind of implementations, these writers are modernizing the Indian myths. The research paper explores Amish Tripathi’s stance in this age-old practice in a larger spectrum and his contribution to Indian Writing in English. Further, it comprises of close textual analysis of Shiva Trilogy with reference to the practice of retelling of Indian mythology.

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   No of Download : 20    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Abstract The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of Physical exercise programme on balance in preschool children. Thirty children (3- 5 years old) from Trivandrum district of Kerala were selected randomly and assigned to two groups, an experimental group (n=15) and control group (n=15). Both the groups were tested in Balance using Pediatric Balance Scale before and after twelve weeks of training period.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The purpose of this study was to study the depression, anxiety and stress amongTeenagers and Adults. For this purpose 42 subjects (21 adult subjects and 21 teenager) were randomly selected from different sports complexes of South Delhi. The data was collected by using DASS, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales. The data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics and independent‘t’ test. The results of the present study revealed that there was significant difference in theDepression, stress and anxiety between Adults and teenagers. The adult were found to have more stress, depression and anxiety in comparison to teenagers.

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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R.K. Narayan presents and examines various themes in his novels like the place & woman in society, the disruptive influences of modernity, the status of a wife and a mother in society in flux, the crumbling of the joint family etc. the galaxy of women characters delineated in Narayan’s novels reveals the marvellous creative sensibility of the author which operates with in a limited, specific segment of society i.e. the urban middle-class society of Malgudi.

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   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The present study is mainly concerned with Basketball players who participated in the inter-university competition. Now days, the game Basketball is most popular sports. So the competitiveness among the Basketball players is growing up day by day with different colour. The main purpose of this study was to compare pre-competitive anxiety and post-competitive anxiety in inter- university Basketball players. A group of 120 Basketball players (boys=60 and girls=60) were selected from interuniversity tournament held at NIU, through purposive sampling technique. Their age was ranged from 18 to 25 years. Data were collected from Sports Competitive Anxiety Test - (SCAT) consists of fifteen items which include 5 spurious items, 8 positive items and 2 negative items. The t-test was used to test the effect of anxiety level between pre and post completion. The significance level was determined as p<0.01. The result of the study reveals that there was significant difference in 0.01 levels of pre-competitive anxiety and post-competitive anxiety among the male and female inter-university Basketball players.

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In a Computer Communication Network (CCN) the single communication channel shares by all the processors for Inter-processor Communication. In a CCN, a task is allocated to a processor in such a way that extensive Inter Processor Communication [IPC] is avoided and the capabilities of the processor suit to the execution requirements of the task. In the present paper the problem of allocating "m" tasks to "n" processors (m>n) in a CCN is addressed. The Execution Time [ET] and Inter Task Communication Time [ITCT] of the tasks have been considered in the form of Execution Time Matrix ETM (,) and Inter Task Communication Time Matrix ITCTM (,) respectively while designing the algorithm considering the arrival rate of tasks is λ and service rate of the processors μ..

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Rabi Paddy cultivation becomes a common agricultural activity in all the district of Assam. It is because most of the district of Assam affected by flood during summer season and the paddy cultivation in Kharif season are less productive. Hence, the paper trying to determine the factors that influence utilization of ground water in Rabi Paddy Cultivation. The paper based on primary data that collected during the first of 2014. By applying regression model it was found that profitability and productivity in Rabi Paddy is very high than the kharif paddy. For which people become more attractive to Rabi Paddy cultivation.

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   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The aim of the paper is to focus on the conflicts in role among women lawyers. The women lawyers are required to perform multiple confiscatory roles. The paper highlights the problems a woman has to face due to role conflict. The present work is an attempt towards this direction. This identifies number of major issues and combines empirical material with theoretical insight and discusses the actual position or status of women lawyers in society. The study covers diverse aspects of the subject and discusses complexity of problems of women lawyers. This study is based on empirical data collected through interview with 230 women lawyers in the selected locale of the study- Chithradurga and Davanagere districts of Karnataka state.

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   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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आज 21 वीं सदी में भी संसार में नारी कि स्थिति कुछ बहुत अच्छी नहीं है। विश्व के अनेक भागों में आज भी असमानता, शोषण, उत्पीड़न बडे पैमाने पर होते है। हमारे पडोसी देश के तो स्त्रियों पर अनेक प्रतिबंध है जिसका परिणाम अब अक्रामक महिला के रूप में हो रहा है। जो कि समाज के लिये बहुत हानिकारक है, समाज में विरोधी व्यवहार को जन्म देती है और मजबूर करती है कि महिला अपराध करे। तत्पश्चात् महिला अनजाने में अपराध कर बैठती हैै। इन महिला अपराधियों के सुधार एवं पुर्नवास के लिये अनेक कल्याणकारी योजनाऐं शासन द्वारा चलाई जा रही है। इन सुधारात्मक योजनाओं का प्रभाव व क्रियान्वयन की प्रक्रिया का अध्ययन इस विषय अंतर्गत किया गया।

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   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The global economic crisis, characterized by increasing de-regularization, privatization and outsourcing of jobs through a network of intermediaries, has led to a transformation of employment relationships. These changes resonate in Indian workplaces as well. It is in this context that we must view the emerging challenges that working women face. In light of these developments, there is, more than ever before, a pressing need for the rights of women to be respected, protected and fulfilled, particularly in the workplace. The right to work encompasses the right to work free from sexual harassment. Sexual harassment constitutes a gross violation of women's right to equality and dignity. Workplace sexual harassment,

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   No of Download : 22    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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परिवर्तन की विभिन्न प्रक्रियाओं ने नगरीय जीवन में जो विषम समस्यायें उत्पन्न की, उनमें बाल-अपराध एक प्रमुख समस्या है। औद्योगीकरण, नगरीकरण तथा पश्चिमी संस्कृति ने जिन नये सामाजिक मूल्यों को जन्म दिया, उनके प्रभाव से बच्चों में व्यवहार के अनेक ऐसे प्रतिमान विकसित होने लगे जो समाज द्वारा मान्य नहीं हैं।

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Floristic survey of rural area of district Jhunjhunu , Rajasthan was conducted from August, 2015 to January, 2016 for enumeration of medicinal plants . Overall 25 medicinal plants species belonging to 25 genera and 21 families are documented. Among the families Fabaceae with 3 species is the dominant family followed by Liliaceae and Amaranthaceae with 2 species each. Major plant parts which are used for preparation of medicines are leaves, roots, whole plant, flower, fruits and stem. This paper revealed the use of 25 medicinal plants for the treatment of various ailments.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The present study deals with the physico-chemical parameters of Samastalab of Jhunjhunu city, Rajasthan during the period of September, 2014 to August, 2015. The parameters studied comprised water temperature, turbidity transparency, pH, free Co2, dissolved oxygen, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, chloride, total alkalinity, Biological oxygen demand and total hardness.

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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A corporate marketing strategy is a broad marketing plan that creates guidelines to be used throughout the company. Part of this strategy can include company branding and logos. Such a marketing plan is typically designed at the senior management level. The strategy filters down and is followed by all employees who market the company's brand, products, and services. Products and services that follow such a marketing strategy are usually easily identified by consumers as coming from that company.The focus of this study towards the rapid growing commpetion in corporate and how the competition should be face through different marketing strategies.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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मीडिया के विभिन्न माध्यमों ने भारतीय संस्कृति पर बेहद प्रतिकूल असर डाला है। इसने भारतीय संस्कृति को उपभोक्तावादी बना कर रख दिया है। इनके कारण ही संस्कृति के मानवीय, नैतिक और सांस्कृतिक मूल्य बदल गए हैं। सांस्कृतिक मूल्यों को फैशन, ग्लैमर, पश्चिमी संस्कृति, बाजारवाद, मोबाइल, इंटरनेट, सेल्फी और पॉपुलर कल्चर ने तहस नहस करके रख दिया है। मीडिया के विभिन्न माध्यमों का गावों और कस्बों में सीमित पहुंच के कारण इससे जुड़ा लाभ शहरों तक ही केंद्रित हो कर रह गया है। हालत यह है कि आधुनिक मीडिया

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Many parents worry about how exposure to technology might affect toddlers developmentally. We know our preschoolers are picking up new social and cognitive skills at a stunning pace, and we don’t want hours spent glued to an iPad to impede that. But adolescence is an equally important period of rapid development, and too few of us are paying attention to how our teenagers’ use of technology—much more intense and intimate than a 3-year-old playing with dad’s iPhone—is affecting them. In fact, experts worry that the social media and text messages that have become so integral to teenage life are promoting anxiety and lowering self-esteem.

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Electronic goods industry is a fast growing segment in the Indian market scenario. Internet is being seen not only an important source of information for the buyers of electronic goods but also an effective mode for selling electronic goods. Internet is fast catching up the attention of marketers as an alternate mode for selling electronic goods as it provides comfort and convenience to the buyers as well as effectively reduces the cost of sales for the sellers. The current study aims to develop an insight with regard to the level of usage of internet as a source of information and the reliability level that the users from the urban areas of Doaba region of Punjab associate with the information available on internet. The paper also attempts to provide an insight with regard to the usage level of internet for the purchase of electronic durables and the level of satisfaction of respondents from the urban areas of Doaba region. The study effectively contributes in this regard by providing important findings in these concerns.

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In earlier times media was known as the mirror of social realities when we were totally dependent on the Radio / Transistor and the print media. In course of time television entered as one of the most effective means of audio- visual communication and was thoroughly exploited by media houses for their commercial gains only. This prominent and the most powerful media tool is capable of converging and motivating the masses forcefully and effectively to the benefit of profit oriented media companies. This has polluted the spirit of art and true art which has become just ephimeral entertainment making the artists a bunch of brand promoters. The aim of the television shows has never been to shape or influence the women's image.

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Hkkjr esa LOk&lgk;rk lewg ;kstuk dk iz;ksx iM+kslh ns”k caXkykns”k ds vuqHko ds vk/kkj ij fd;k x;kA ;|fi orZeku esa ;g vo/kkj.kk Hkys gh caXkykns”k ds iz;ksx ds vk/kkj ij viuk;h x;h gks ijUrq gekjs ns”k esa iqjkru dky ls gh lewg esa jgdj ,d&nwljs dh leL;kvksa dk lek/kku djus dh lqnh?kZ ijEijk gSA Lo&lgk;rk lewg dh vo/kkj.kk ewyr% xzkeh.k rFkk uxjh; {ks=ksa eas efgykvksa rFkk iq:’kksa ds ,sls lewgksa dks cukus dh gS tks Lo;a viuh NksVh&NksVh foÙkh; vko”;drkvksa dh iwfrZ ds fy, cprksa ds ek/;e ls ,d lkeqfgd dks’k fufeZr dj mls lapkfyr dj ldasA

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Narayan's is the simplest form of prose-fiction the story which records a succession of events. There is no hiatus between character and plot; both are inseparably knit together. The qualities the novelist attributes to these characters determine the action, and the action in turn progressively changes the characters and thus the story is carried forward to the end. In other words, as a good story teller,

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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This paper attempts to study the formation of a dalit community and identity in Kerala. Recent years have seen a spurt of dalit writings in Malayalam literature. Our interest in these writings arose with the publication of several writings in Malayalam periodicals. These writings advocated the existence of a dalit identity and community in Kerala. Here we approach this debate through a study of identity politics and community formation and in the emerging ‘dalit literature’ of Kerala. We discuss the relationship of dalit identity formation, politicization in their representation in literature and my focus is on dalit and adivasi debates in Kerala. The debate on the dalit of Kerala has an important relationship with discussion on the Maharashtra dalit literature. We outline the debates on dalits and dalit writings in Kerala. Issues like identity formation, community formation and other issues have been taken for study.

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Tourism and environment are the two facets of a coin. Tourism depends upon the pure and fresh environment. For the growth of tourism, a proper environment is very necessary. All the religions of India have their different Philosophic attitude and rituals. Parsi religion is world's first eco-friendly religion. Persians worship the objects of nature as the earth. the moon. the sun, the sky, the water. the fire and the trees etc. Tourism is an emerging field in which a wide scope prevails to develop. Tourism was established as an industry in 1989. It provides employment to so many people. India is also shining along with the development of tourism. According to the archeological survey of India (ASJ), All the ancient palaces, forts, temples, Religions, buildings and the religious performances play a major role in the development of tourism. All the objects of nature and environments are in favour of tourism. All the rites and rituals performed by the persee religion are eco-friendly.

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   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

आज विज्ञान और प्रौद्योगिकी के उन्नयन के कारण हम घर में ही बैठे-बैठे सिर्फ अपने देष को ही नहीं, बल्कि विष्व के किसी भी भाग में अपना संदेष भेज सकते हंै तथा अन्य लोगांे के संदेष प्राप्त भी कर सकते हंै। यही नहीं, हजारों मील दूर के किसी आदमी से आमने-सामने बात- चीत भी कर सकते हैं।

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The world is currently witnessing an ecological threat called global warming. It is mainly caused due to the overall imbalance in nature. Global warming is most commonly referred to as the rise in temperature that is occurring everywhere around us and it is drastically causing changes in the climatic conditions. Almost every organism on the earth will be affected by the abnormal weather conditions. Human beings conduct many activities that release gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, nitrous oxide etc in excessive quantities. These gases, which are present in the atmosphere, absorb the sun's heat and radiate the same thus keeping the atmosphere warm. There are innumerable sources that contribute to this problem. Chlorofluorocarbons are extremely harmful to the ozone layer and it mainly results due to the refrigeration and air conditioning that we use in our homes. The ozone layer encompasses the earth and it regulates the atmospheric temperature by entrapping the harmful ultraviolet rays.

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

फिल्में केवल तीन चीजों की वजह से चलती हैं पहला- एंटरटेनमेंट, दूसरा- एंटरटेन्मेंट और तीसरा भी एंटरटेन्मेंट! यह डॉयलॉग केवल डर्टी पिक्चर भर को ही जस्टिफाई नहीं करता बल्कि आज की पूरी हिन्दी फिल्म इंडस्ट्री को जस्टिफाई करने का तर्क बन प्रस्तुत होता है. इस डॉयलॉग की भूमिका एवं सन्दर्भ फिल्म में नायिका के चरित्र को पुनर्स्थापित करने तक ही सीमित नहीं है, बल्कि यह एक ऐसा सूत्र वाक्य है जिस के आधार पर वर्तमान हिन्दी सिनेमा के पूरे समाजशास्त्र को समझा जा सकता है.

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   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

वसिष्ठ पद श्रेष्ठ कर्मो को उत्पन्न करने वाली ‘वस्‘ धातु से व्युत्पन्न हुआ माना जाता है। संहिता एवं ब्राह्मण ग्रन्थों में वसिष्ठ पद से श्रेष्ठ प्राण, वाणी आदि अर्थ लिए गए है। श्रेष्ठत्व और वासत्व के कारण ही उसे वसिष्ठ कहा जाता है। भारत की प्राचीन संस्कृति ज्ञान के लिए वैदिक साहित्य का परिशीलन अनिवार्य है। अथर्ववेद अन्य वेदों की भांति भारत का एक धार्मिक ग्रन्थ है। जिसमें जन सामान्य के विविध-मन्त्र और विश्वासों का वर्णन है। तथापि इसमें लौकिक विषयों का समावेश है। वेद का वास्तविक अर्थ है ज्ञान, इस ज्ञान से परवर्ती चिन्तन की सम्पूर्ण धारा को प्रवाहित किया ऋषियों ने अपनी तपो साधना के द्वारा प्राप्त आलौकिक शक्तियों का उपयोग मानवीय कल्याण की दृष्टि से किया। वैदिक ऋषियों का साक्षात्कार आन्तरिक ज्ञान नेत्रों से अनुभूत कर उसे मन्त्रों के रूप में प्रकाशित किया अथर्ववेद के द्रष्टा अथर्वा, अड्गिरस, भृगु, वसिष्ठ आदि की उत्कृष्ट परम्परा रही है।

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   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Need for Regulatory Environment: Adequate framework of disclosure regulation is necessary because of the potential for market failure in the absence of financial information. Without adequate information, investors will be reluctant to participate in the markets that are perceived to be manipulated in favour of certain vested interests. It is therefore evident that companies cannot be relied upon to make a full and fair disclosure of information on their own. There must be some regulation to prescribe certain level of information to be disclosed by all the companies.

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