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Volume -8 Issue - 3
Month [Year] -- March [2017]
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   No of Download : 24    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

यह शोध पत्र वर्तमान परिदृष्य में बढ़ते पर्यावरण प्रदूषण सिमटते भूमि तथा जल संसाधनों एवं आनुवंषिक हृास को देखते हुये

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Mulk Raj Anand the eldest of the three great Indian novelists, is regarded as the father of Indo-English literature, the other two being Raja Rao and R.K.Narayan. He was born on December 12, 1905 at Peshawar. He was the greatest exponent of Indian writing in English, whose literary out-put was infused with a political commitment that conveyed the lives of India’s poor in a realistic and sympathetic manner. He writes realistically in his novels all about the miserable lives of the poor. Anand being a novelist of the common man, has profoundly dealt with the villages, with the extreme poverty,

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

संस्कृत भाषा सदैवमनीषियों की भाषा मानी गई है। संभवतः इसी कारण बौद्ध और जैनों ने भी इस भाषा में अपने अपने ग्रंथों का प्रणयन किया। बौद्ध संस्कृत वाङ्मय अति विशाल है। उसके एक महत्वपूर्ण अंश का प्रथम शताब्दी से दशम शताब्दी में अनुवाद हुआ था एवं भोट भाषा में सातवीं शताब्दी से बारहवीं शताब्दी के बीच अति विश्वसनीय भाषांतर किया गया था। दसवीं शताब्दी के पश्चात् यह वाङ्मय कोरिया तथा जापान में बौद्ध धर्म के प्रचार प्रसार के साथ पहुँचा। मध्य एशिया में इस वाङ्मय का प्रथम शताब्दी से पूर्व ही प्रवेश हो चुका था और फिर उसमें शनैः शनैः वृद्धि होती गयी।मंगोलिया में यह वाङ्मय भोट देश से गयाए तथा भोट त्रिपिटकके समान उसका भी त्रिपिटक है। मूल संस्कृत में इस वाङ्मय का एक अंश नेपाल से प्राप्त हो चुका है। यूरोपीय विद्वानों ने पूर्वी तुर्किस्तान से अनेक खंडित कृतियों का उद्धार किया है। बहुसंख्य ग्रन्थ गिलगिट से भी प्राप्त हुए हैं तथा अनेक ग्रंथों का भोट एवं चीनी भाषाओँ में पुनरुद्धार किया गया है।

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

अनात्मवाद बौद्ध दर्शन का प्रमुख सिद्धान्त है एवं ऐसी दार्शनिक भित्ति है जिस पर बौद्ध धर्म के समस्त आचार.विचार अपने आश्रय के लिए अवलम्बित हैं। अनात्मवाद में किसी स्थायी अथवा नित्य आत्मा का निषेध वर्णित है। चार्वाक एवं बौद्ध धर्म के अतिरिक्त अन्य सभी भारतीय दर्शन स्थायी अथवा नित्य तत्व के रूप में आत्मा की सत्ता को स्वीकार करते हैं, जो कि शरीरांत के पश्चात भी विद्यमान रहती है।

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   No of Download : 16    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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This research paper is based on the research study of the investigator on the attitude of in-service teachers towards gender issues, namely, gender roles, gender stereotypes and gender discrimination. The study was a descriptive survey. The data was collected through attitude scale and a questionnaire administered on 312 teachers teaching in government and private schools in Delhi, India at secondary level comprising of equal number of female and male teachers. The data collected was systematically categorized and tabulated and was subjected to statistical treatment for the purpose of analysis and interpretation. The findings of the study revealed that the teachers held traditional ways of thinking towards gender stereotypes.

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   No of Download : 19    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

मुगलकाल में शिल्प अभी तक कृषिकर्म से पृथक नही हुए थे। मुख्यतया गृह-उत्पादन तक ही सीमित थे। गांवो के किसान अपने घरों में ही यह गैर-कृषि व्यवसाय करते थे। सोलहवी-सत्रहवीं शताब्दी के मध्य इस प्रकार के ग्राम-समाज का धीरे-धीरे बराबर विघटन होता गया। इन परिवर्तनों का कारण गांव में संपत्ति की असमानता की खाई गहरी होते जाना था। इस शोध-पत्र में हम ग्रामीण हस्तशिल्पों के पांरपरिक आर्थिक ढांचे का, विशेषकर उन घरेलू उद्योगों का अवलोकन किया है जो किसानों के घरों में फल-फूल रहे थे। घरेलू उद्योगें से हमारा तात्पर्य उन कच्चे मालो का घर में (किसान के परिवार में) ससंाधन करने से है जो वस्तुओं का उत्पादन करते थे। उद्योग अभी तक व्यापार नही बना पाया था उसका अनिवार्य संबध कृषि से था जिसे कृषि से अलग नही किया जा सकता था। दोनो मिलाकर एक इकाई बनते थे। पितृसत्तात्मक कृषि और घरेलू उद्योगों (अर्थात कच्चे माल परिवार के काम की वस्तंुए तैयार करना) मध्यकालीन अर्थव्यवस्था की सबसे खास बात थी। दरअसल यह उसका आवश्यक अंग रहा है।

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   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The workers in the unorganized sector in India constitute about 93% of the total work force of the country. The unorganized sector workers, in India, are facing serious problems regarding the uncertainty of employment to hazardous conditions at work. Decreasing number of workers in agriculture and allied activities, is pushing laborers to migrate towards city centers and making the situation more complex. The transformation of the nation’s unorganized sector and providing social security benefits for people engaged in unorganized sector activities are essential to its modernization, attainment of regional economic equality and holistic development.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Creativity is a universal ability. In is present in some manner is everyone. When it is available in moderate degree, it is not conspicuously perceptible. In the case of excellence it becomes perceptible. To find out the socio-economic status of the students in the present study the SESS that could be easily and objectively measure the socio-economic status of the students in different situations of the society and group life was required in this research study. For this research study sample was taken for Schools who’s ETT and +2 students take education. Socio-economic status of students do not effect significantly to their achievement.

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Sports is an important part of this nation’s cultures and other cultures throughout the world. Millions of people of all ages and abilities participate in a diversity of sports activities. Because of the social, political, legal and endurational influence of sports on cultures. It is important to examine this phenomenon. Sociology is concern with the study of people, groups, institutions, human activities in terms of social behaviour and social order within society.

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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What is a Border? Borders are the line of separation between two geographical or political entities such as states, nations or other subnational entities etc. They are marked by the territorial limits of the states or nations that provides full sovereignty to the state to exercise control on the territory. Not only this, borders are also psychological. Borders are more about people than that of territories. It is the notion that each individual of different identities carry within themselves across the world. The concept of border is also strengthened and weakened by the feeling possessed by an individual for the people on the other side of the line of control.

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   No of Download : 19    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The purpose of the present study was to compare the mental health of the shooters of International and Interuniversity levels. The subjects of the study were five international and five interuniversity level female shooters. The research tool used in the present study was Mental Health Check list constructed and standardized by Mr. Pramod Kumar. The performance of the subjects was statistically analyzed using‘t’ test. The statistical analysis of the study revealed that mental health of international shooters was significantly better as compared to Interuniversity level shooters.

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   No of Download : 48    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

सामान्य तौर पर बहुसंस्कृतिवाद का अर्थ विभिन्न प्रकार की संस्कृति के लोगों का एक साथ किसी निश्चित राजनैतिक और भौगोलिक सीमा के भीतर निवास करने के संदर्भ में लिया जाता है। परन्तु सै(ान्तिक तौर पर इसका अर्थ कापफी विस्तृत है और इसके साथ ही जुड़े विभिन्न मुद्दे जैसे अध्किारों की मांग, समानता आदि समकालीन समय में कापफी महत्व रखते हैं। भारतीय समाज एक बहुसंास्कृतिक समाज है जिस कारण सम्बन्ध्ति संस्कृतियों के मुद्दे, विवादों और असंतोष का रूप भी धरण कर लेते हैं। अतः लोकतंत्रा की सपफलता हेतू विभिन्न संस्कृतियों के मध्य आपसी सहयोग और अध्किारों का विस्तार करना चाहिए ताकि सामूहिक रूप में समाज के सभी तबकों का विकास हो सके। बहुसंस्कृतिवाद की अवधरणा को समझना अति आवश्यक है क्योंकि ऐसे करने से समाज में मौजूद आपसी विरोध्ी तत्वों को समझा और समाप्त किया जा सकता है।

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   No of Download : 91    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Marriage is a relation of one or more men to one or more women which is recognized by custom or law and involves certain rights and duties both in the case of the parties entering the union and in the case of the children born of it.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Urban growth in India has faced an unexpected pressure and urbanization has left its impact on many spheres of our environment. Consequently, demand for land and housing in Delhi has grown considerably in times of urbanization and rapid population growth. By the beginning of the previous century, vast areas of rural land and village properties were acquired under pressure from the city’s rising needs. This led to rise of urban villages in the capital. Urban villages have evolved and transformed over the period of time and still has intact culture and tradition of villages but they are still developing themselves in the race of urbanization. The housing market in these urban villages of Delhi is attracting majority classes of people to find an accommodation in the city.

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Physical Education degree/diploma is beneficial for any profession where you deal with the education, development and need of people, and for occupations which require presentation, interpersonal management and leadership skills. In this paper, physical education graduates and post graduates obtain skills which furnish them for employment in a broad range of career opportunities in a broad range of career opportunities, including other sections of education, national and regional sports and recreation organizations, local government, the health and fitness industry and sports coaching.

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   No of Download : 20    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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On 2 October 2014 Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi launched Swacch Bharat Mission. He appealed citizens of India to devote their some hours every year towards the cause of cleanliness, this project give also financial benefits with cleanliness. There are some benefits of this project by which our Indian Economy is boosted directly or indirectly. It has larger objective of putting India into League of Nations Working towards technology development for future.

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   No of Download : 22    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In today’s competitive environment, different kinds of investment avenues are available to the investors. All investment modes have advantages & disadvantages. An investor tries to balance these benefits and shortcomings of different investment modes before investing in them. Mutual funds are one among them. Despite the advantages linked with mutual funds, people still prefer to invest their money independently. So far mutual funds have not been able to introduce the schemes which are suitable to the needs of the farmers, small entrepreneurs and merchants to tap target customers. The interesting thing is that mutual funds are the most misunderstood financial products in India. Mutual fund industries are also not making efforts in investor awareness programmes which are the need of the day. Therefore, there is a an urgent need to look into the awareness and perception of mutual funds among investors

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   No of Download : 23    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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This study is aimed at i) studying the disengagement dimension of organizational climate in aided and un-aided secondary schools , ii) studying the relationship between disengagement dimension of organizational climate between aided and un-aided secondary schools. To achieve this purpose , School Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire (SOCDQ) by MotiLal Sharma was employed. A sample of 100 secondary school teachers from both aided and un-aided schools was selected on the basis of random sampling technique. Descriptive statistic was used to analyze the data. Result indicates a significant difference at 0.05 level. Findings on the basis of t-test reveals that the mean score of government aided school is greater than un-aided schools, which further tends to suggest that teachers in govt. aided schools are more task oriented in nature as compared to un-aided secondary school teachers.

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   No of Download : 25    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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This paper is an attempt to assess the problems of Anganwadi Workers of ICDS project under social welfare department in Assam. The sample of 380 Anganwadi workers of ICDS project were selected from different Anganwadi centers located in Sivasagar district of Assam. Purposive sampling technique has adopted for sample selection and exploratory research design has adopted to assess the problems of these workers. The main tool for collection of data was questionnaire, interview schedule and observation methods. Though there is a good number of studies on ICDS, the problems of AWWs who play key role in the implementation of programme, have not received due attention. The analysis indicates that nature of duties and responsibilities assigned to the AWWs by the ICDS and the social and economic expectation of their family, community and society keeps them in a perpetual state of despair and unhappiness. The study revealed that the Anganwadi workers were having dissatisfied with component of salary and over workload but they are satisfied with other aspects of the job.

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The problem of identity is the main concern of Diaspora literature. As Diasporas face the crisis of two cultures.One dead for them and another alien. In this research paper a study of Jumpa Lahiri’s novel “namesake” is made to sort out the problem of second generation Diaspora Gogol Ganguli; who belongs to neither of the cultures.

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   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Fiscal decentralization is generally refers to the devolution of taxing and spending powers to lower levels. It is considered to be the most important for the success of planning and decision making process at the local level. One of the important objectives of decentralization has been provide quality health care services to all. Decentralization has been identified as a means of achieving health equity in many reform initiatives across the world. WHO (1978) argued that decentralization can make health system functions more efficiently and can increase community involvement in oversight and locally relevant decision making. Kerala is a state in south-west of India, which is known to have decentralised its governance in ways far more advanced than most Indian states and the state has a well known health model. There is a vast change in health infrastructure of Kerala after decentralisation, there is an establishment of more health centres, beds and other facilities in public health cenbtres of Kerala. But the progress in human resource is not much satisfactory and the resource allocated for the maintenance of health centres at Grama Panchayat level were seems to low.

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   No of Download : 19    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

भारत के गाँव प्राकृतिक संसाधनों से सम्पन्न रहते आये हैं परन्तु जीवन की कैसी विडम्बना है कि जिस प्रकृति ने हमें शुद्ध जल, वायु और हरी-भरी धरा दी हैं। उसे हम अपनी सुख सुविधाएँ प्राप्त करने के लिए उसके रंग-बिरंगे हरियाली युक्त आँचल को उतारने पर तुले हुए हंै तथा उसे लगातार प्रदूषित कर रहे हैं। इस बढ़ते प्रदूषण का प्रभाव राजस्थान के सीकर जिले के ग्रामीण परिवेष पर भी देखने को मिलता हैं। यहाँ बढ़ता हुआ अरवाली पहाड़ियों का खनन, बढ़ते ब्रिक्स उद्योग, घटता भू-जल स्तर, धूल भरी आँधियां एवं बढ़ते मरुस्थल ने इसे अन्य जिलों की तुलना में अधिक प्रदूषित किया हैं। घटते प्राकृतिक संसाधनों के कारण पारस्थितिकीय असंतुलन की स्थिति उत्पन्न होने से पंचायतें अपने उद्देष्यों में सफल नहीं हो पा रही हैं। बढ़ती जनसंख्या, बारिष कम होना, जल की अधिक खपत वाली फसलों का उत्पादन, परम्परागत जल स्रोतों पर ध्यान नहीं देने से जिले में भू-जल स्तर की स्थिति चिंताजनक हैं।

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   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In lectures and correspondence during the latter decades of the 19th century, Max Weber entered the debate over the ‘sciences’ (that is, branches of knowledge including the ‘natural’ and ‘social’ sciences), arguing their differences were of values, context and theoretical orientation rather than subject matter. Weber’s involvement culminated, many decades later, in The Methodology of the Social Sciences, in which he announced only a ‘hairline’ separates ‘science from faith’ (1949:110). Weber’s position was not entirely unique, nor was it the first thesis on the nature of knowledge; yet it has significance because it can be placed in late 19th century Europe, a period of significant rivalry between intellectuals, each seeking to foster the institutionalization of a form of knowledge as a distinct discipline within the university system. Between 1860 and 1870, a new generation of physiologists sought to redefine the nature of science (Veit-Brause, 2001:40); in the 1890s, various groups campaigned for the recognition of a new discipline of biology (Pauly, 1984); and others claimed for psychology the subject of mental

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   No of Download : 37    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Defense personnel’s (Police, Military etc) are of most honors in our country they not only fight for the country but fight to save lives of thousands and millions. Health of these personnel’s is extremely important the level of stress they face might hamper their work and state of being. This study aimed to explore perceived stress and Quality of Life among police personnel living with and without family. The study aimed to find supporting factor as a essential indicator of one’s well-being. Thus, the study aimed to compare the group of police personnel’s staying with family and without family.

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