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Volume -8 Issue - 4
Month [Year] -- April [2017]
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   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

With the acute shortage of housing units that is around 2 crore units in urban areas, the government in concerned with growing demand and unmatched supply that is causing the sprawl of slum areas and growing unhygienic living conditions in cities.To provide every citizen with a ‘Pucca house’ by 75th Independence Day in 2022, the Union cabinet given its green node for the launch of “Housing for All by 2022” aimed for urban areas with following components to States/union Territories and cities:

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Creativity is a universal ability. In is present in some manner is everyone. When it is available in moderate degree, it is not conspicuously perceptible. In the case of excellence it becomes perceptible. To find out the socio-economic status of the students in the present study the SESS that could be easily and objectively measure the socio-economic status of the students in different situations of the society and group life was required in this research study. For this research study sample was taken for Schools who’s ETT and +2 students take education. It is found that there will be no significant difference in academic achievements of students studying in Govt. or Private Schools.

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   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The survival of today's organization depends on how they accept changes, improve practices and competitiveness. Defined as an organization that pays special attention to the learning of all its members, learning organization possesses certain characteristics to meet the ever-changing requirement of the environment This study focus on the significance of the learning and knowledge generated by the human resources of an organization.

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   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

A self help group is a viable tool of women empowerment. The groups provide access to low cost financial services with a process of self management and development of the SHG members. SWOT analysis is a qualitative tool by which the strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats of the SHGs could be identified and helps in assessment of the performance of the groups. The paper presents the SWOT analysis of the sample respondents of the SHGs. An attempt is made to examine the strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities of the SHGs so as to analyze the prospects of Self Help Groups in microfinance management.

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   No of Download : 20    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The demonetization had a great significant and immediate impact on the state of the Indian economy. India has amongst the highest level of currencies in circulation as of Nov 4, 2016 at 13% of GDP. Cash on hand is an estimated at around 3.2% of household assets, higher than investment in equities. Of this cash, 86.5% is in the form of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes in circulation (11% of GDP). This paper will take up the issues & challenges related to demonetization. The paper also discusses the past experience of demonetization in India and its outcomes.

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   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The economic reform process initiated in India in the year 1991 was multi dimensional and aimed to make changes in many fronts. The period of economic transition has had a tremendous impact on the overall economic growth of India. It has boosted the growth of FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) sector too. Foreign investments are indispensible factors that help in boosting the growth of Indian economy .It plays an important role in the long term development of a country not only as a source of capital but also for enhancing the competitiveness of the domestic economy through transfer of technology, creating employment opportunities, strengthening infrastructure and so on. With the introduction of economic reforms [liberalisation policy], under the finance ministry of Dr. Manmohan Singh, India has witnessed a change in the direction of flow in FDI and its composition. This paper attempts to analyse the growth and trends of FDI in India. Secondary data is used for this purpose. Data is collected from the site of DIPP, RBI and so on. After analysis it is found that FDI in India grew tremendously since the implementation of new economic reforms. The Indian Economy is one of the most favourable investment destinations for both developed as well as developing nations. And thus we will be able to grab more on this opportunity in future by means of optimum utilization of available personnel and resources.

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   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Love is a spontaneous mixture of passion, attraction and satisfaction. We are all created by God in his image & likeness. We are made to live on Earth for one purpose. To feel as human beings made by God, we are obliged to live our life to the fullest. We are made by God but still, we are unique in our own differences, beliefs & religion. For Instance, love we have different beliefs or understanding of this four letter word.

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   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

कला एवं संस्कृति से समृद्ध राज्य राजस्थान ने समय के साथ हो रहे परिवर्तनों में कला के आधुनिक संदर्भो को अपनाया। कलाकारों ने रचनात्मकता को बढावा दिया है। इनके उत्कृष्ट प्रदर्शन से प्रभावित होकर राज्य ललित कला अकादमी ने प्रमुख कलाकारों को सर्वश्रेष्ठ सम्मान ‘कलाविद्‘ से सम्मानित किया है।

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Green Marketing is the marketing of products that are presumed to be environmentally safe. It refers to the process of selling products or services based on their environmental benefits. Such a product may be environment friendly in itself or produced and packaged in this way. Concept of green marketing concerns with protection of ecological environment. Modern marketing has created a lot of problems. Growth in marketing activities resulted into rapid economic growth, mass production with the use of advanced technology, comfortable and luxurious life, style, severe competition, use of unhealthy marketing tactics and techniques to attract customers. This paper provides a study of the concept of Green Marketing.

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

There are many variables to live socio‐political instability viz. political assassinations, riots, revolutions, coups, demonstrations, etc. The studies exploitation these variables show that socio‐political instability is harmful for growth and investment. They means that democracy promotes long‐term economic process and delivers higher spacing outcomes. though the proof suggests that democracy influences growth through a range of indirect channels, whether or not democracy promotes or hinders economic process appear to rely part on the amount of financial gain.

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   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

आध्ुनिक राष्ट्र-राज्य युग में राज्य नामक संस्था का अपना विशेष महत्त्व है। आज राज्य प्रत्येक व्यक्ति के जीवन से प्रत्यक्ष एवं अप्रत्यक्ष रूप से जुड़ा हुआ है और उसे निरन्तर प्रभावित करता रहता है। राज्य लोगों को राजनीतिक, सामाजिक, आर्थिक, सांस्कृतिक और शैक्षणिक क्रियाकलापों को करने, अपनाने और उन पर अपना निर्णय लेने का अध्किार प्रदान करता है। राज्य को समाज की एक कल्याणकारी संस्था के रूप में देखा जाता है जिसका कार्य लोगों की रक्षा करना, समानता और स्वतंत्राता का अध्किार देना, शिक्षा की व्यवस्था करना, बूढ़ो-बच्चों और महिलाओं को संरक्षण प्रदान करना, स्वच्छ जल तथा निवास की व्यवस्था करना इत्यादि शामिल है। यह सभी उद्देश्य राज्य के कार्यों को दिशा ओर गतिशीलता प्रदान करते है जो इसके कर्तव्यों के रूप में हमारे सामने एक ‘उदारवादी राज्य’ के प्रारूप के तौर पर प्रकट होता है। आज अध्किांश देशों ने लोकतंत्रा को अपने शासन का आधर बनाया है जो उदारवादी तत्वों को आकर प्रदान करने का सबसे उत्तम साध्न है। इस मत के अनुसार राज्य का कार्य अपने नागरिकों को इस प्रकार शिक्षित करना होना चाहिए जिनके मध्य समानता, स्वतंत्राता, न्याय, बन्ध्ुत्व आपसी सहयोग, सामंजस्य और मानवतावादी दृष्टिकोण जैसे तत्वों का विकास सुनिश्चित हो सके।

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   No of Download : 22    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Goods and Service Tax (GST), a unified taxation system is on verge of becoming a reality for Indian tax regime. As, it is going to be implemented soon, it would create a big impact for various sector of Indian economy like automobiles, pharmaceuticals, aviation, media and entertainment, telecom, FMCG and many others. The Automobile industry contributes for about 7% of Gross Domestic Product. Therefore, GST will significantly impact the automobile sector. This paper tries to explore the effect of GST draft model bill on automobile sector and specifically its tax rate effect on car prices for buyers. Various other concerns like valuation, job work and time of supply, incentives etc. need to be clearer to understand the true implications of GST. As per the proposed GST draft bill, luxury and high end cars would become comparatively cheaper with this new introduced tax rates and small car prices will remain unaffected. The hybrid cars will bear the brunt of new GST as their prices will go higher than the current prices under Excise and VAT regime.

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Information and communication Technology in Education provides the good pace for continuing developments in education. The pace of change brought about by new technologies has had a significant effect on the way people live, work, and play worldwide. New and emerging technologies challenge the traditional process of teaching and learning, and the way education is managed. Information technology, while an important area of study in its own right, is having a major impact across all curriculum areas. Easy worldwide communication provides instant access to a vast array of data, challenging assimilation and assessment skills. Rapid communication, plus increased access to IT in the home, at work, and in educational establishments, could mean that learning becomes a truly lifelong activity—an activity in which the pace of technological change forces constant evaluation of the learning process itself.

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   No of Download : 24    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

इतिहास के माध्यम से हम अपने प्राचीन मूल्यों की खोज करतेहैं । इतिहास के उन मूल्यों से शक्ति प्राप्त करके मनुष्य अपने वर्तमान के स्वरूप को आधुनिक बनाता है । लेकिन जब इतिहास में स्त्री के जीवन को खोजते हैं , तब वहां की तस्वीर कुछ और ही रूप बयां करती हैं । उस इतिहास में स्त्री उपस्थित तो है, लेकिन उसकी स्थिति मानवी की नहीं है । इतिहास में स्त्री की स्थिति दासों से भी निम्न स्तर की है । जिसके लिए स्वाभाविक रूप से यह प्रश्न उठता है कि वे कौन.से कारण रहें होंगे, जिनकी वजह से समाज व्यवस्था ने स्त्री के साथ इतना बड़ा घोर अन्याय किया, जिसकी कीमत स्त्री वर्तमान में भी चुका रही हैं ।

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The triad "liberty, equality, fraternity" became popular with the French Revolution. Robespierre proposed in 1790 that it should be written in National Guard uniforms and in all flags. In 1848 this motto was defined in the French constitution as constituting a principle of the republic; it appears in the constitutions of 1946 and 1958. It had several variations, such as "unity, strength, virtue" used in Masonic lodges, or "liberty, security, property," "liberty, unity, equality" etc. During the Nazi occupation it was replaced by "work, family, fatherland". But it is the form known today that became the French motto, adopted also in other countries, such as in the Constitution of India of 1950.

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   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Product placement is the process of putting up the product or name of brand into the communication media with the objective of promoting that brand or product in return of some form of compensation from the company. The purpose of this paper is to examine product placement in video games and its managerial implications.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Child abuse can result from physical, emotional, or sexual harm. While child abuse is often in the form of an action, there are also examples of inaction that cause harm, such as neglect. Some households that suffer from alcoholism/substance abuse and anger issues have higher occurrences of child abuse as compared to households without. Outcomes of child abuse can result in both short and long term injury, and even death. There are some children who may be unaware that they are victims of child abuse.

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   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The post-colonial era was of gender issues. Women has been much debated and discussed. Many seminal works have been based upon women. Mahashweta Devi a writer and an activist focuses on different phases of suffering, the women undergo in society. In this research paper some of her works such as Draupadi,DhouliShanichari, Ma and sindhubalaare taken into insight In order to show the paradoxical position of women In society as well as their fragmented voices. This paper is an attempt to explore and throw light on Mahashwata's vision

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   No of Download : 16    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

ਕਰਤਾਰ ਸਿੰਘ ਦੁੱਗਲ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਕਹਾਣੀ ਜਗਤ ਵਿੱਚ ਇੱਕ ਜਾਣਿਆ ਪਹਿਚਾਣਿਆ ਹਸਤਾਖਰ ਹੈ।ਉਸਨੇ ਇੱਕ ਮਨੋਵਿਗਿਆਨਕ ਕਹਾਣੀਕਾਰ ਦੇ ਤੌਰ 'ਤੇ ਪ੍ਰਸਿੱਧੀ ਪ੍ਰਾਪਤ ਕੀਤੀ।ਭਾਵੇਂ ਕਰਤਾਰ ਸਿੰਘ ਦੁੱਗਲ ਨੇ ਕਹਾਣੀ ਤੋਂ ਇਲਾਵਾ ਕਵਿਤਾ, ਨਾਵਲ, ਨਾਟਕ ਲਿਖਕੇ ਵੀ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਸਾਹਿਤ ਦੇ ਖੇਤਰ ਵਿੱਚ ਬਹੁਮੁੱਲਾ ਯੋਗਦਾਨ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਹੈ ਪਰ ਉਸਦੀ ਜ਼ਿਆਦਾ ਪ੍ਰਸਿੱਧੀ ਕਹਾਣੀ ਲਿਖਣ ਕਾਰਨ ਹੋਈ ਹੈ।ਦੁੱਗਲ ਪੋਠੋਹਾਰ ਇਲਾਕੇ ਦੇ ਪਿੰਡ ਧਮਿਆਲ ਦਾ ਜੰਮਪਲ ਹੈ।

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   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The Tungas were maṇḍala kingdom under the Sovereignty of the Bhaumakara in early medieval period of Odisha. The ruler of this dynasty proclaims themselves as hailing from Rohitāśi or Rohitāgiri and belongs to Śāṇḍilya gotra. The Rohitāgiri has been identified by some scholar with present Rohatashgar1 in Bihar. At least eight sets of copper plate grant have been discovered from Dhenkanal, Sundargarh districts of Odisha. The place names mentioned in the inscriptions can be located in Dhenkanal, Sundargarh and Keonjhar district, which indicate that the Yamagartta-mandala comprised of above three districts. However there is lack of unanimous opinion with regard to location of capital city Yamagartta-mandala. B. Mishra2 identified it with present Jamarḍiā near Angul or Jomurḍi in Pallahara. On the other hand N.K. Sahu3 located the capital with present Jamra or Jamirḍihi near the river Maṅkara in Pallahara of Dhenkanal district. The inscriptions of this family were issued from different places like, Mahaparavata and Jayapura-Kotta. According to the Dhenkanal grant4 Jayasimbha was regarded as the earliest ruler of Tungas dynasty.

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   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Sea Piracy, in its original and strict meaning, is every unauthorized act of violence committed by a private vessel against another vessel with intent to plunder (animo furandi). A pirate has always been considered outlaw, a hostis humani generis. According to international law the act of piracy makes the pirate lose the protection of his home state, his national character; and his vessel, or aircraft, although it may formerly have possessed a claim to sail under a certain state’s flag. Piracy jure gentium is an ‘international crime’

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