Find Below Articles Published in
Volume -5 Issue - 10
Month [Year] -- October [2014]
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   No of Download : 22    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Introduction "Green Marketing" refers to holistic marketing concept wherein the production, marketing consumption an disposal of products and services happen in a manner that is less detrimental to the environment with growing awareness about the implications of global warming, non-biodegradable solid waste, harmful impact of pollutants etc., both marketers and consumers are becoming increasingly sensitive to the need for switch in to green products and services. While the shift to "green" may appear to be expensive in the short term, it will definitely prove to be indispensable and advantageous, cost-wise too, in the long run.

   No of Download : 2    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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षोध-पत्र सारः- प्रस्तुत षोधपत्र में महाकवि निराला के काव्य में व्यंग्य अभिव्यक्ति को लेकर विचार किया गया है। महाप्राण निराला हिन्दी के छायावादी काव्य के चार आधार स्तम्भों में से एक आधार स्तंभ है। उनकी ओजस्विता, प्राणवता, मौलिक उद्भावना, संगीतमयता, निर्मम, निश्पक्ष चित्र व्यंजना, अनुभूति के साथ कल्पनाषीलता ऐसी विषेशताएॅ है जो हिन्दी साहित्य के अन्य कवियों से उन्हें अलग करती है। ऐसी विषेशताएँ अन्य कवियांे मे एक साथ नहीं मिलती है। व्यंग्य साहित्य की एक सरल दिखने वाली, किन्तु कठिन षैली है। व्यंग्य के दो अर्थ मिलते है एक गूढ अर्थ में उसकी व्यंजनावृति और दूसरी ताना, बोली या चुटकी लेना, अर्थात समाज की बुराईयो को टेढे़ षब्दांे में प्रिय लगने वाली षैली में कहना व्यंग्य कहलाता है। निराला इसमें सिद्वहस्त थे।

   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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ABSTRACT Pharmaceutical Advertising differs from other types of advertising because the consumer i.e. the patients are not the target audience, whereas the physicians prescribing the medicines are the target audience of the pharmaceutical companies. The trend towards self-medication is likely to grow as consumers are becoming familiar with OTC drugs, due to extensive advertising by companies. There are various promotional tools and communication media used by companies to influence the doctor’s prescription behavior. This study focuses on impact of advertisement on the physicians prescribing behavior. The study has given good insights for marketers and advertisers of drugs and suggests including elements in the advertisement that increase believability and trust of the advertisement. A structured questionnaire was prepared by interaction with doctors identify important variables influencing drug advertising effectiveness. This study was conducted on 150 respondents who are doctors and analysis was carried out on the data collected from questionnaire in which the doctor were asked to tick a number that was most suitable to their choice. The advertisement of drug was found to be persuasive.

   No of Download : 2    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Before the availability of computers all records including accounts receivables, payables, inventory, payroll, personnel and the billing of customers were maintained by book keepers and clerks. Record keeping systems were frequently large in size, inefficient, and subject to human error. In the early years of computers it was, therefore, not surprising to find the focus on these applications. The potential payoff seemed promising. The results, in fact bore this out. It was proved that these computer methods held substantial advantages over the old labor-intensive methods. Among them were speed accuracy and cost savings. In these applications no decision making is involved; there is no choice between alternatives. As the computer assumed the information-processing role, it became apparent that the timely source of data which it generated could possibly be useful for decision-making purposes.

   No of Download : 41    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Introduction: Kiran Desai (born 3rd September 1971), daughter of the noted Indian English author Anita Desai, is a diasporan Indian author permanently settled in the United States. So far there are two novels to her credit. Her first novel, Hullabaloo in the Guava Orchard, was published in 1998, it received accolades from great contemporary writers including Salman Rushdie. According to Rushdie, “Kiran Desai is a terrific writer.” The novel Hullabaloo in the Guava Orchard also won the Betty Trask Award, a prize given by the Society of Authors for the best new novels by citizens of the Commonwealth of Nations under the age of 35. This novel is set in the Indian village of Shahkot (State of Punjab)and follows the exploits of a young boy trying to avoid the responsibilities of adult life. Kiran Desai’s second novel The Inheritance of Loss written over a period of seven years was first published in 2006,it won the Man Booker Prize for the same year as well as the National Book Critics Circle Fiction Award in 2007.

   No of Download : 3    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Building on the extent literature of buyer-seller relationships, this article aims to present the factors describing the relationship building process between vendors and buyers in the Automobile industry. Results from analyzing various articles and studying the factors affecting the relationship between automakers and auto suppliers helps us to understand the degree of satisfaction of relationships among the partners. We demonstrate various factor that how relational satisfaction leads to maintain the relationship. It was concluded that new forms of relationships between automakers and their suppliers resulted in a hierarchical structure of supply of auto parts. It is not possible to generalize, but it was observed that the relations depend on the collaborative behavior of the partner, information and technology sharing activities and the history of relations between vendor and buyer. Nowadays relations are closer to the characteristics of a cooperative model, with long-term relationships and greater mutual dependence. The relationship cannot be regarded as strictly cooperative or competitive relationships. An effort has also been made to identify critical issues and scope of future research.

   No of Download : 21    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Willingly no one chooses the yoke of Slavery..................... (AESCHYLUS, Agamemnon) People have many perceptions about slavery. When they talk about slavery, the first thing that comes to their mind will be African- American slaves in the United States. They will also think of how they were brought to the United States against their own will and unequally exploited. About over one hundred slaves were forced to make themselves fit in the small rooms of the ships for a trip across the Atlantic Ocean. They were not given adequate supply of food and water. Due to starving, some of the slaves died on the trip and were thrown overboard. Those that did survive were compelled to live in the harsh conditions awaiting them. In United States they would either be sold or traded for things, land or other slaves. Throughout the day they were in the chains, if not, then they were always eyed over them with a gun or a whip. They all are treated like an animal. If masters were not obeyed by them, they were whipped mercilessly. Thus they were mistreated and never treated as equals.

   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Changing business world and competition has created enormous challenges for the organization. To cope with the challenges efficiently, human resource has been considered as one of the most important factors in today’s competitive market. The aim of this study is to identify the level of employee satisfaction with training and development in Reliance Industries Ltd in Naini Allahabad. To find out the satisfaction level of employees with training and development practices a survey was conducted in the organization with the help of questionnaire method. Out of 736 employees 20 % i.e. 150 employees have been surveyed for the research. Satisfaction level of employees with training and development practices of supervisors and non supervisors have been found form survey. A correlation analysis was done to find out strength of association of training and development variables and employee satisfaction. The research shows that employees are satisfied with training and development practices in the organization but the association of the variables of training and development with employee satisfaction can be increased and need more efforts from the organization .

   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Depression is one of the most commonly diagnosed mental disorders, affecting millions of people throughout the world Wide. Clinical depression goes by many names-depression, "the blues," biological depression, major depression. But it all refers to the same thing: feeling sad and depressed for weeks or months on end (not just a passing blue mood), accompanied by feelings of hopelessness, helplessness, worthlessness, lack of energy, and taking little or no pleasure in things that gave you joy in the past.

   No of Download : 144    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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भारतीय एवं पाश्चात्य दोनो ही परम्पराओं में अनुवाद का एक लम्बा सिलसिला मिलता है. पाश्चात्य परम्परा में जहां लम्बे समय तक बाइबिल का अनुवाद ही केन्द्रीय रहा वहीं भारतीय परम्परा में वैदिक और वैदिकोत्तर साहित्य पर टीका और भाष्य की परम्परा समृद्ध रही. दोनो परम्पराओं में मुख्य अंतर यह रहा कि पश्चिम में जहां अंतर्भाषिक अनुवाद का जोर रहा वहीं भारतीय परम्परा में अंतःभाषिक अनुवाद का जोर रहा. बाइबिल का ओल्ड टेस्टामेंट हिब्रू में होने के कारण ई. पूर्व तीसरी-दूसरी शती तक ही बाइबिल के ग्रीक अनुवाद की आवश्यकता महसूस की जाने लगी थी और इस प्रकार सबसे पहला अनुवाद हिब्रू से ग्रीक में ई.पू. तीसरी-दूसरी शती में सम्पन्न हुआ. हालांकि भारत भी आरम्भ से ही विविध भाषाओं की भूमि रहा है परंतु अंतर भाषिक अनुवाद का इतना पुराना कोई साक्ष्य या सूचना भारतीय परम्परा में नहीं.

   No of Download : 25    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता का पतन लगभग 1800 इ्र्रसा पूर्व तक हुआ माना जाता है । नगरों की उपस्थिति सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता की एक विलक्षण विषेशता है , जो इस सभ्यता को एक महत्वपूर्ण सभ्यता के रूप में स्थापित करती है । भारत में इतने प्राचीन काल में किसी अन्य नगरीय सभ्यता का कोई प्रमाण नही मिलता । इतना ही नही सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता के प्रमुख नगर नियोजित नगरों के स्वरूप को प्रदर्षित करते हैं । इन नगरों के निर्माण में सिविल इंजीनियरिंग का बेहतरीन प्रयोग देखने को मिला है । इन कारणों से ही ये प्राचीन नगर आष्चर्य का विशय बन गए हंर । सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता के पतन के बाद इस सभ्यता की अन्य विशेषताओं की निरन्तरता तो किसी न किसी रूप में बनी रही लेकिन नगर और नगरीय अर्थव्यवस्था से सम्बद्ध कार्यकलापों की निरन्तरता समाप्त हो गई । भारत में लगभग 600 ईसा पूर्व में पुनः द्वितीय नगरीकरण के प्रमाण मिलते हैं । नगरों की निरन्तरता क्यों बनी न रह सकी ? यह अपने आप में एक बड़ा प्रष्न है । इस सम्बंध में विद्धानों में एक मत का अभाव है । इस प्रष्न के अनेक उत्तर दिए जाते हैं जैसे सभ्यता का अकस्मात नश्ट हो जाना, व्यापार-वाणिज्य का पतन , अर्थव्यवस्था का नगरीकरण हेतु असमर्थ हो जाना इत्यादि । उत्तरों के इसी क्रम में तर्क-वितर्क के माध्यम से एक नयी “शुभ- अशुभ की अवधारणा” उभरकर सामने आती है ।

   No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Abstract: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the Football training program for Under-12 at Bhaichung Bhutia Football Schools. The evaluation was conducted on eighteen students of the Under-12 age category of the Indian Institute of Technology center of Bhaichung Bhutia Football Schools. The evaluation was conducted so as to find out the effectiveness of the training program being adopted by the coaches at Bhaichung Bhutia Football Schools to train different age groups. It was found that 94.44% of the students of this age group fell under the good and very good category (13) proving the training program to be effective to a great extent. The evaluation was done on three areas namely; technical and tactical, physical and mental and affective domain. Ten sub-variables were considered in total within the above mentioned three areas. The subjects were analyzed by percentage analysis method. The data as provided by the experts revealed that majority of the subjects lay under the good and very good category (i.e. 94.44%) undergoing training at Bhaichung Bhutia Football Schools.

   No of Download : 2    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Abstract: Emotional intelligence (EI) is the subset of social intelligence that involves the ability to monitor one''s own and others'' feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them and to use this information to guide one''s thinking and actions. People with high emotional intelligence are able to recognize their own emotional state and the emotional states of others, and engage with people in a meaningful way. It helps in relating better to other people, form healthier relationships, achieve greater success at work, thus by achieving career and personal goals and lead a more fulfilling life. The study aims to find emotional intelligence capability of working employees(IT) and its impact on leadership with special reference to nuclear families. The method adopted is case study.

   No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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INTRODUCTION : Fertility measures the rate at which a population adds to itself by births. This measurement may be related to something eg., total population of the country, total population of the women in the country/region, total women of the child-bearing age i.e.(15-49)yrs. Total married women, etc. If fertility is measured married couples, we will be ignoring births given by unmarried mothers or births which resulted from pregnancies with paramours. The number of births is actually related to exposure to pregnancy. The population of India is the second largest in the world. India’s population are recorded at 1,21,01,93,433 on first April, 2011 with 62,37,24,248 males and 58,64,69,174 females. The total fertility rate in India is 2.62. Its populous states is Uttar Pradesh (were to be a separate country)rank 7th in the world in terms of population. The provisional populations total of Uttar Pradesh noted as on sunrise of first April, 2011 was 19 crore 95 lac.(literacy rate 74%) with 10.45 crore males and 9.50 crore females. The density of population of the Muzaffarnagar district per sq. km. goes up to 884 in 2001 from 709 in 1991 while in Uttar Pradesh it goes up to 689(2001) from 548(1991) the ratio of the rural and the urban population is 3.18:1 having 63.0 present in rural areas. While the total population of the district in 2011 was 4,138,805 having 53.02% males and 46.98% females with sex-ratio 886.

   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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मीडिया के सामाजिक सरोकारो पर लगातार वैश्वीकरण व बाजार का नकारात्मक दबाव पड़ रहा है जिससे मीडिया को निष्पक्ष व निर्भीक तरीके से कार्य करना है न कि निर्णायक के रूप में साथ ही उसकी भूमिका समाज सुधारक व पथ प्रदर्शक की हो ताकि वह आमजन को सही राह दिखा सकें तथा मीडिया की जिम्मेदारी है वह समाज में शांति, सद्भावना व एकता कायम करने का माहौल बनाए और अपने सकारात्मक रूख को पेश करे जब ऐसा होगा तब पत्रकारिता का अर्थ बदल जाएगा। मीडिया लोकतंत्र का चैथा स्तंभ होने की बजाय लोकतंत्र की छत बन जाएगी, जिसकी छाया में समाज प्रगति की नित नयी ऊँचाईयों को छुयेगा।

   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The paper deals with the present state of natural disaster mitigation & management in India, & the proposed strategy to be followed for reducing impact of natural Disaster, based on experience gained in recent past floods.. In last more than twenty years; India has experienced heavy floods, cyclones, landslides & earthquakes almost every year. Death, destruction & loss because of natural & manmade disasters are becoming more rather than less frequent. In the recent floods in both Uttarakhand & J & K, it has also been experienced that the country is not adequately prepared to deal with consequences of these disasters. The experience suggests that there is an urgent need for a proper more effective disaster management strategy that is focused, well co-coordinated & prepared for all obvious eventualities so that its impact is reduced. The paper deliberated on all these issues & has finally recommended various comprehensive measures to be taken. The major reasons leading to failures of large number of structures and human life and properties have been analyzed, their remedial measures discussed, & deliberated to take preventive measures for reduction of its impact in future.

   No of Download : 2    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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ABSTRACT Effective professional supervision requires a combination of a complex mix of knowledge, values and skills. However, several of the learner managers reflected on their lack of formal training versus ‘learning on the job’ and of being aware of modelling their own practice on past supervisory experiences and learning from previous experiences of poor supervision. They particularly valued the opportunity to watch their own supervisory performance in the audio-visual recordings and learned from reflecting on it with reference to theoretical material and the learning support available through the leadership and management programme. One of the charges of being a social worker is to be a change agent. Feminist theory would direct us to work towards challenging societal views that devalue women. Female managers have a unique opportunity to be change agents by disputing prevailing traditional views on management. Demonstrating management success through the use of some of the suggestions outlined in this article may help to prove the importance of the feminization of leadership, while reducing the discomfort that some women feel in positions of power.

   No of Download : 2    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Introduction: India has an internet user base of about 250.2 million as of June 2014. The penetration of e-commerce is low compared to markets like the United States and the United Kingdom but is growing at a much faster rate with a large number of new entrants. The industry consensus is that growth is at an inflection point. Unique to India (and potentially to other developing countries), cash on delivery is a preferred payment method. India has a vibrant cash economy as a result of which 80% of Indian e-commerce tends to be Cash on Delivery. However, COD may harm e-commerce business in India in the long run and there is a need to make a shift towards online payment mechanisms. Similarly, direct imports constitute a large component of online sales. Demand for international consumer products (including long-tail items) is growing much faster than in-country supply from authorised distributors and e-commerce offerings.

   No of Download : 3    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Abstract: It has been seen in the past that despite the accepted benefits of comparative advantage, international trade has been impeded by various governments around the world through the implementation of protectionist policies such as the infant industry argument, changing comparative advantage and the inflexibility of workers, to prevent dumping and other unfair trade practices, to improve a country’s terms of trade by exploiting its market power, to protect declining industries. But all these policies harm a nation in the long run instead of benefitting it, thus this essay will talk about the counter arguments for all these protection policies and will try to explain why free trade is better than the protectionism, in order to fetch the complete benefits and gains from international trade.

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प्रत्येक मनुष्य समाज में जन्म लेता है और वही से विभिन्न संस्कारों, रीति रिवाजों, पराम्पराओं आदि को ग्रहण कर बड़ा होता है इस तरह से मनुष्य समाज का आजीवन सदस्य बन जाता है अर्थात् सभी मनुष्य कुछ अंष तक समान होते हैं और कुछ अपने तरह के अकेेले व्यक्ति होते हैं, एवं अपनी अलग पहचान बना लेते हैं।

   No of Download : 29    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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इस शोधपत्र का विषय आघऐतिहासिक काल में मिस्र और हड़प्पा सभ्यता के अंतर्गत मानव बस्तियों का जो उदय व विकास हुआ। उसका तुलनात्मक अध्ययन करना है और यह जानना है कि सिंधु नदी और नील नदी घाटी में विकसित बस्तियाँ किस तरह नगरीकरण की तरफ बढ़ती है। भौगोलिक परिस्थितियों के तहत मिस्र व सिंधु क्षेत्रों में काफी समानता नजर आती है और दोनों का ज्यादातर हिस्सा शुष्क और बंजर है जहाँ बहुत ही कम बारिश होती है। इन दोनों का एक हिस्सा एक विशाल रेगिस्तान है जो सहारा व मरुस्थल से मिल जाता है। मिस्र लाल सागर से लेकर नील नदी तक मिस्र का पूर्वी हिस्सा भी रेगिस्तान है। उस क्षेत्र में कुछ छोटी पहाडि़याँ भी हैं, उसे पूर्वी रेगिस्तान कहते हैं। नील नदी दक्षिण से पूर्व तक मिस्र की पूरी लंबाई में बहती है। उसका पानी भू-मध्य सागर में गिरता है। नील एक घाटी से होकर बहती है।

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ABSTRACT In most of the developing countries greater emphasis is being laid on need for empowering rural women and their active involvement in the mainstream of development. No development could be achieved in rural India on sustainable basis until and unless its women fold are developed and empowered socially and economically. To empower women government has introduced various schemes one among them is Self Help Groups. In India about 92% of these groups cover women. Micro finance is an effective tool in this Endeavour which leads to peaceful development. There is a steady growth in SHGs and millions of households are being benefited through Micro Finance. Indian experience in the case of Micro-finance and SHG is suitable strategy for against poverty and women empowerment.

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विषय प्रवेश : शिक्षा जगत में भाषा की अपनी एक अहम भूमिका है, जिसे कोई भी नकार नहीं सकता। शिक्षा के माध्यम के रूप में जहाँ यह विविध ज्ञान रूपों के संप्रेषण का आधार बनती है, वहीं विषय विशेष के तौर पर भी पढ़ी और पढ़ाई जाती है। अपनी इस प्रत्यक्ष द्वैध भूमिका से इतर भाषा संस्कृति में निहित मूल्यों, आदर्शों, वर्चस्व प्रतिरूपों से जुड़ी होने के कारण न केवल इनको संचारित करती है, अपितु स्वयं इनसे बनती और इन्हें बनाती भी है। भाषा अपनी इस विस्तृत भूमिका के प्रमुख पक्ष के तौर पर लिंग-संस्कृति को भी प्रकट करती है। वह समाज के लिंग आधारित विभाजनों, शक्ति संबंधों और आपसी जुड़ाव के आधारों का संरक्षण, संवर्द्धन, पुनर्बलन और सुधार का कार्य निरंतर करती रहती है। भाषा संप्रेषण-निर्देशन के माध्यम की तरह ही महत्वपूर्ण रूप से जेंडर-अस्मिता निर्माण में भी महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाती है।

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Abstract: The topic of the research paper will be “The Female Psyche in Anita Desai’s writings” in which analysis would be drawn in considering the conditions of women subjection and suppression in our society. It is a matter of disappointment that women of independent India is not availing her even fundamental rights such as right to property, right to freedom etc. The objective of research paper is to study the feminist literature from the point of view of the psyche of women which is considered as second sex till today and to examine the displacement of women through humiliation within our society. The findings of the research paper will be delineating that woman too can represent themselves in authentic way when they rebel against patriarchal community in order to explore her own potential on their own terms in the novels of Anita Desai.

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Abstract: An organization''s managers are its direct link to employees—they have a strong influential role and impact on performance and morale. The business environment is changing at an ever-quickening pace requiring ongoing education. Managerial work has become increasingly fast-paced, less structured and more reliant on strong interpersonal and leadership skills than ever before. In addition, with a shrinking labor pool, organizations need to take steps to identify strong leaders and provide the appropriate development opportunities for them. Growing talent from within is becoming an increasingly prevalent staffing alternative “.Leadership is hard to define and good leadership even harder. But if you can get people to follow you to the ends of the earth, you are a great leader”- Indira Nooyi

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Abstract The stock market efficiency of Bombay Stock Exchange in India is investigated through the cointegration and error correction methods framework. The study found that there exists causality among the sectoral indices of BSE. The coefficients of error terms are found to be negative and statistically significant implying that there exists short run dynamics with the long run equilibrium. The study concludes that the Bombay Stock Exchange is informationally inefficient and the Random Walk Hypothesis (RWH) is not valid in Indian context.

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Muhammad Abdul Halim Abdullah was one of the most distinguished Arabic fiction writers in the middle of the twentieth century. After the Second World War he brought vitality in Arabic fiction writing. In his novel writing we can observe many genres: romantic novels, social realistic novels, and historical novel. As far as the social issues are concerned, we can illustrate from his best known novels like ‘Al-Jannah al-‘Adra’, ‘Laqita’ etc. They are basically social realistic fictions where the writer has depicted the true picture of his society and expressed his inner feelings and emotions. In this article, I would like to sketch a conflicting picture between the poor and the rich; and also between the upper class and the lower class where the powerful authorities of the society discriminate the poor class people and the elite classes of people despise the lower class to be part with them.

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Introduction Women in India face discrimination in terms of several political, and economic opportunities as a result of their inferior status. Majority of women cannot inherit parental property and political and employment participation are very limited. Gender inequalities prevail in work, education, allocation of food, health care and fertility choices. On the other hand, at the family level women are exclusively burdened with household chores- cooking, cleaning, collecting fuel and water and caring elderly and children Several social institutions like the family, education system, media, religion, legal system and so on contribute to the construction of gender and reinforce patriarchal values. Gender gets manifested through different kinds of controls on women – on their production, reproduction, sexuality and mobility.

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ABSTRACT Ever since the dawn of civilisation, ever since man first realised the imperative need to know himself and, through that self-knowledge, to win friends and influence people so as to secure his own happiness and well-being no less than those of his fellowmen, stories have unfailingly offered him significant and dynamic aid. The Panchatantra and the Aesop’s Fables are two such wonderful collections which were written or told according to the oral tradition with a bias for moral mores. Narratology refers to both the theory and the study of narrative and narrative structure and the ways that these affect the readers’ perception. The narratological framework of these stories is such that it makes the reading of these stories interesting and the meaning is also brought to the fore.

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Abstract From a very long time the traditional practices carried out in Egypt has earned it a bad reputation. The females in their society were repeatedly crushed under the mar of patriarchy. Society and religion had their impact over the women and led to the downfall in their conditions. In such conditions various illogical customs rooted up. FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) was one such practice. Numerous young girls were tortured physically and psychologically by cutting off their clitoris. Among the victim there rose Nawal El Saadwai who took a stand against the practice. Being the victim she knew the traumas of the mutilation and the humiliation which accompanies that. Throughout her life she continued to fight against the evil which was spread over her country. Though she was asked to leave her country still she continues to work for its betterment. She in all means can be said as the true crusader of feminism who is fighting for the rights of all.

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Abstract This paper studies the overall economic performance of five states within the Indian Economy that formerly formed the disgraced blocks of BIMAROU states, an acronym that has lost its significance over the years as the states indicated therein have put forward stunning growth performance over the years and no more are considered the laggards of the Indian Economy. This study in particular highlights the economic achievement of these states during the period 2004-12 also known as the high growth phase of the Indian Economy. The study parameters includes among others Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) growth of these states, movement in per capita Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) at constant prices, Sectoral Growth of the respective state economies, Debt outstanding and state finances. This paper is divided into six parts. In the first part of the study, economic performance of the states is being shown and a comparison has been made between the states. The second part of the study shows the accrual of state level debt of these state economies during this growth phase. The third part of the study reveals the movement in state finances of different states. The fourth part gives an analysis of whether the growth in these states has been inclusive or not. The fifth part includes some statistical hypothesis testing in order to capture the variability effect of growth performance amosng five states over the last ten years and the sixth part of the study gives the conclusion.

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ABSTRACT Uttrakhand is poised for very high growth in the coming years. To promote Uttrakhand as an attractive destination for industrial investments, the state policy aims to promote public private partnership to boost infrastructure and industrial development. The finance companies have become the spine for the development of the economy on all parameters in any state. Like wise the finance companies play a critical role in the development of the Uttrakhand economy. The financial companies are not only important for the industrial development but they are equally helpful in social development activities. The Uttrakhand state has aim to provide adequate and timely financial assistance to help the small entrepreneurs, middle class and weaker sections of the society. The present study was undertaken to analyze the perceptions and satisfaction of the customers towards the home loans scheme provided by The Nainital Bank Limited (NBL), Uttrakhand. The vision of the bank is "To emerge as a customer centric National Bank & become the most preferred bank for its product, services, technology, efficiency & financials."

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Abstract Environment is a self sustained system of all living and non-living things occurring naturally on earth in which living components interact among themselves and with non-living components in the presence of solar energy, without human intervention. Any kind of deterioration of environment either through depletion of resources or adding undesirable substances into it resulting in destruction of habitats and loss of biodiversity is considered Environment degradation. Accumulation of greenhouse gases in atmosphere is one of the major causes of Environmental degradation which results in global warming. There are manifold gradual effects of global warming which will get manifested with great intensity in coming centuries. In this paper we have highlighted how Environmental degradation and global warming have posed a serious threat to the sustenance of life on the earth by intensifying the magnitude and occurrence of abrupt climatic changes. The warming of oceans and the atmospheric system has aggravated the danger of complete shutdown or modification in the pattern of oceanic currents and the global conveyer belt. Oceanic currents and global conveyer belt play a dominant role in the redistribution of temperature on the Earth and determine the climate of many of the Earth’s natural regions. Complete shutdown of conveyer belt may cause major regional and global climatic shifts in just a few decades or even in a single year.

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There are many roads to learning. people bring different telents and styles of learning to college.the students rich in hand-on experience may not do so well with theory. The students need the opportunity to show their telents and learn in ways that work for them.they can be pushed to learning in new ways by the title of rhythm.

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Abstract In the traditional Hindu hierarchical society Dalits were called Shudras or Harijans or Panchmas and were socially, economically and politically a suppressed people. Placed at the bottom of the caste hierarchy they survived by performing functions like scavenging, leatherwork, etc. During colonial period they constituted the bulk of the agricultural labour force and worked as farm servants and casual labourers. Very few (less than 10%) Dalit families possessed agricultural land. They had no right to own land nor were they considered to be peasants or tillers of the soil. The existing social customs did not grant them the status of occupancy tenant, though they might have cultivated lands as tenants and sharecroppers. In the case of untouchables, therefore, there was a clear correspondence/correlation between social and economic status. Land is the basis of all economic activity. It is the most important asset in an agrarian economy like India where majority of the population in rural areas are dependent on agriculture, labour and animal husbandry. Land issues have thus attracted equal attention from policy makers and academicians. After independence, India engaged in a conscious process of nation building with stress on high productivity and equitable distribution of land. In rural societies, ownership of land is coterminous with social status. Its unequal distribution reflects prevailing social stratification and helps maintain the hierarchical structure of the society.

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The purpose of the present study was to analyze the finger print pattern of left hand in international /national level players (female) of team sports. This study will help in connecting finger print pattern with sport sciences and it will play an important role in talent identification in younger age with the help of finger print pattern. The study was conducted on 75 international /national players (female) of team sports. The data was analyzed the help of percentage and bar diagram .loop pattern dominated in all the phalanges. Loop pattern was dominating in all the phalanges and it should also be noted that arch were missing in third, fourth and fifth phalange of left hand in international level players (female) of team sports.

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: Malgudi forms the setting to all the works of Narayan. It is a symbol of India. It is a typically South Indian town and it has been presented in his works vividly and realistically. Even its past history is given and, in successive novels, we see it changing, growing and becoming different. All the ten novels and most of the short stories are set in Malgudi.

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History of Indian Press accounts for the prestigious growth of Indian newspapers and its significance in Indian history as well. James Augustus Hickey is considered as the "father of Indian press" as he started the first Indian newspaper from Calcutta, the 'Bengal Gazette' or the 'Calcutta General Advertise' in January 1780. In 1789, the first newspaper from Bombay, the 'Bombay Herald' appeared, followed by the 'Bombay Courier' next year. This newspaper was later amalgamated with the 'Times of India' in 1861.