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Volume -6 Issue - 5
Month [Year] -- May [2015]
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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Training and performance solutions play a very important role in private as well as public sectors. In today’s competitive scenario, there is a need of quality training and performance solutions programs for enhancing the (KSAs) knowledge, skills and abilities of employees. In this study we have discussed the role of traditional and modern methods of training and development in improving the performance of employees. This study training and performance solutions places extreme emphasis on the need of competency based learning interventions and identification of skills-attitudinal behavioral gaps with the help of TNA (training need assessment).The main aim of this study is how to mould the KSAs of employees in favor of organization in achieving the goals of an organization and individual employees. This study also emphasis on how it is beneficial for the growth of organization and upliftment of the morale of the employees. Quality training and performance solutions programs help in improving the performance of the employees, increasing productivity and profitability of the organization. The main purpose of the study is to make every organization to realize the importance of training and performance solutions programs in order to survive in the cut-throat competitive environment.

   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The adolescent period is from the age of thirteen to nineteen and is named as teenage period. Maximum physical development of the internal and external organism of the body is attained. Major physiological changes meant for teenage period are fast and completed at the end of this period.

   No of Download : 16    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Today, leadership is more important in the face of changing times demanding flexible and adaptive approaches of dealing with uncertainties and developing commitment amongst employees essential to the success of the organization (marti, gil and barrasa,2009).within the broader gamut of leadership, leadership behavior remains an evolving area of enquiry to obtain clearer theoretical understanding for the scholars and practical implications relevant to today demands of the organizational leaders. The leadership behavior is more critical for emerging economics as these countries are changing from closed to open economies due to globalization and the organizations are becoming more responsive to the markets for sustainable growth. Consequently, participative leadership and employee involvement in decision making to garner support and commitment from the employees with enhanced level of employee job satisfaction is imperative. A western concept of employee participation in decision making (Wilkinson & dundon, 2010) is increasingly gaining importance amongst the developing economies (Miller,2011). Therefore, we still need to know how much and how well specific leadership behaviour are used in the organizations (Yukl, 2012) to influence employee participation in decision making and employee job satisfaction.

   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Badminton is very popular among people of various ages and its popularity is still in increasing trend. It is a fasts paced game. It requires quick direction changes and move lateral movement. Apart from high level training the equipments mainly racket, clothing, shuttlecock and shoes contribute to successful performance. Badminton shoes are the most important equipments as much as important clothing, racket and shuttle for optimize performance. Wearing wrong type of shoes could be dangerous for given full range of dynamic movement involve in Badminton. Playing Badminton involves a great deal of twisting and turning at high speed and various moving steps are composed of appel step, cross step, pedaling step, hop step, stride step and other basic footwork and can be vigorous on knee and ankle joints. To prevent injury, and optimize performance, it is important to wear a good pair of specific Badminton shoes. To reduce the risk of injury and good grip, cushioning and also support ankles, it is important to wear scientifically manufactured Badminton shoes for the better achievement.

   No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Man’s progress through the ages has been through his mastery over m ineral resources and their efficient use. The uses of minerals have undergone a major transformation in the last few decades. The emergence of cutting edge technology every day has further led to a stress build-up on the stockpile of global mineral resources. The political turmoil of the first decade of the 21st century has been marked with civil disturbances, local unrest and inter-state anxieties. Such exigencies create a pull-effect on the mineral resources of the world. In recent time tensions on concerning possible scarcities of natural resources have mounted. It is very important to attend to such concerns as they were a recurring feature throughout the history, resurfacing again and again, primarily in response to tight market conditions and price increases. The essential concerns have mostly remained the same in the past decades, focusing on the potential impact of accidental or intentional supply disruptions to the economy as far as its dependency upon certain as far as imported materials is concerned. The continuous strife in different parts of the world has led to the exhaustion of minerals and metals used up in munitions and destructive operations. The magnitude is so great that several minerals and metals have reached almost exhaustion point. In fact continuous turmoil over the world has caused depletion in resources like petroleum, tin, lead and zinc. This is the picture of modern world with its depleted mineral assets. Actually, mineral resources in respect of specific raw materials have fluctuated significantly with market circumstances. Moreover, the sets of raw materials thought by certain countries to be critical have changed over time.

   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

On April25, 2015, 11:56:26 (time) an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 with a depth of 15.0 km (9.3m) whose epicenter was 28.147 N 84.708 E occurred in Nepal and affected Nepal, India, China and Bangladesh and caused major loss of life and property. The aftershocks of the violent earthquake are felt for many days and still the region is in instability. Officially, it caused death of 8,675 persons and injured 21, 952 persons. It also caused avalanche at Mount Everest and destruction of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Kathmandu, Nepal. The people are affected both socially and economically. Disasters of very high magnitude have occurred in the recent past along major plates and fault lines and will occur in the future too. The question is what lessons we have learned from the disasters and are we as an individual prepared to safeguard ourselves from a sudden disaster. This paper suggests strategies to prepare ourselves to protect from disasters.

   No of Download : 30    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Drought can be termed as a temporary reduction in water or moisture availability significantly below the normal amount for a specific period. However, it can be said that drought is a term which is very difficult to be defined precisely. It embraces a phenomenon which is very diverse and complex.

   No of Download : 26    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The rationale for teaching about death and dying is simple: death is a part of life. The person who cannot grieve is crippled emotionally, unable to experience and benefit from full range of human emotions. Grief is an essential reaction to loss; to repress grief is to repress emotional growth. If children are to grow up to be whole, integrated adults, they need to learn how to cope with catastrophe and crisis (Gorer, 1965)-with any loss in their lives. Understanding the stages of child development can make easier to know when and how to go about teaching children meaning of Death. How much kids can understand about death depends largely on their age, life experiences, and personality. In the current scenario the war, economic difficulties, and the nation's heightened state of alert can cause justifiable anxiety in children.The uncertainty of terrorist warnings can be especially unnerving.Children may be confused or fearful that they or their loved ones are at risk. Adults need to help children feel safe, even if they themselves feel vulnerable. Parents and teachers can help children understand what is happening factually, how events do or do not impact their lives, and how to cope with their reactions.

   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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There are several international initiatives that have recognized the centrality of moving from focus on enrolment to learning outcomes to assess quality of school education. UNESCO and the Centre for Universal Education (CUE) at the Brookings Institution have recently set up a ‘Learning Metrics Task Force’ to investigate the feasibility of identifying common learning goals to improve learning opportunities and outcomes for children and youth. India should both learn from these international efforts, where possible, and more importantly play a leading role in defining and implementing these standards, since it has the largest primary school education system in the world and also one of the largest pool of students who fail to acquire even the basic learning levels.

   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Political parties, as representatives of diverse socio-political and economic views, they are the lifeblood of democracy in a country. They ensure the participation of different class and walks of life in the nation- building and decision making process. In this regard political parties are the integral part of the successful conclusion of a mature democracy in a country. In the Case of Nepali politics, the emergence of political parties associated with the Asian resurgence and anticolonial movements in India. And finally political parties in Nepal lead the anti Rana Movements in 1950, and established a democratic government which was led by the Nepali Congress. The Nepali Congress, along with six other parties called Seven Party Alliance Party alliance organise massive protest against Party less Panchayat System in 1990 which was introduced by the King. It was again led the second People’s Movement under the banner of the United Peoples Front along with the Maoist in 2006. And in the 2013 Constituent Assembly Election it had made a successful victory, gained highest seats in the Constituent Assembly.

   No of Download : 17    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Education is a ladder of development. It is the bedrock of human progress. Though its definitions, interpretations and applications are different for different sections of society, education is a continuous and dynamic life-process providing the emancipation from ignorance. Cambridge English Dictionary defines education as the process of teaching or learning, especially in a school or college, or the knowledge that you get from this. Oxford Dictionary stipulates that education is the process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, especially at a school or university. Merriam Webster Dictionary defines it as the knowledge, skill, and understanding that you get from attending a school, college, or university. Thus almost all centers of readymade knowledge equalize education with instructions received in an organized institution, turning the pupil into a moving storehouse of information.

   No of Download : 32    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

एक राष्ट्र अथवा समाज के लिए सबसे महत्वपूर्ण तत्व ‘मानव’ है। कोई भी राष्ट्र उस समय ही उन्नति के पथ पर अग्रसर ही सकता हैं, जबकि उस के प्रत्येक नागरिक को यह सुविधा प्राप्त हो सके कि वह स्वतंत्रतापूर्वक अपना उतना विकास कर सके जितना उसमें क्षमता है। प्रत्येक व्यक्ति की अपनी अन्तर्निहित शक्ति होती है। जब इन शक्तियों को फलने-फूलने के अवसर मिलते हैं, तो उसका विकास उनकी क्षमता अनुसार हो जाता है। अतः मानव की इस अंतर्निहित शक्तियों के विकास में सबसे महत्वपूर्ण योगदान ‘शिक्षा’ का हैं।

   No of Download : 19    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The Marwar painting has been the true expression of that popular feeling which absorbs the cultural and political changes together with the outward influences. It gives a new meaning and vision to the painting tradition of the painters of this region through its experience in accordance with 'Shastria' norms and standards in the field of subject, style and technique. Its creative process is purely original and is attached to the 'Shastria' tradition. The affluence of Marwar style can only be seen in the court style of Jodhpur. Besides this, its ever growing influence is also perceivable in some part of Jaisalmer, Nagour, Ghanerao and Ajmer.

   No of Download : 35    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Environment as also civilization are threatened by environmental pollution. There are different types of pollution in the world and one of them is plastic pollution. Plastic pollution increases in geometric rate and now it is a big challenge for civilization. Plastic is cheap, easily applicable, every where available, easy to use, easy to expel, so it is popular. But plastic pollution is very harmful to the environment. In this situation awareness towards plastic pollution is an important issue. If we have some awareness then the part of the problem may be reduced. If we do not aware in right time then in future the plastic totally engulf the human civilization and then we have no way to escape from the problem. If future generations are aware about plastic pollution then the problem somehow will reduce in future. So researcher in his study tries to find out how much students are aware about plastic pollution. The researcher conducted the study on 119 school students among them 67 secondary and 52 higher secondary. From the result researcher found that higher secondary student are more aware towards plastic pollution. There have no such difference in awareness between boys and girls towards plastic pollution. Academic achievement has no significant influence in awareness towards plastic pollution of students.

   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Economic growth is clearly a predominant objective of public expenditure policy. Many public programs are specifically aimed at promoting sustained and equitable economic growth. Education is an important determinant of economic growth for any country. On the other hand, Government budget policy affects the long - term growth rate through decisions on priority based public spending on different sectors Education plays an important role in human capital development which is a key to scientific and technological advancement. Education is also regarded as a sustainable route to economic prosperity, it combats unemployment, confirms sound foundation of social equity, awareness and cultural vitality. It raises the productivity and efficiency of individuals and produces skilled manpower capable for leading the economy towards the path of economic development. The relationship between education and economic growth has been extensively investigated, with the theoretical and empirical models, although the question of how education affects economic growth is not yet fully resolved. One of the issues that cause controversy is that of the apparent contradictions between the effects of education on the growth of personal income and on economic growth .

   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Peace and Value education are the much debated and discussed subjects in the plethora of education in India. The true meaning of peace is happiness and joyfulness in the whole world. Peace means to be united and united means to live together happily. For this, a new world is needed. Today humanity is in adolescent stage and requires maturity. Society requires good men and women along with thoughtful leaders with lots of capacity of head and heart. For this, Value Education is the way.

   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

किसी भी पत्र या पत्रिका का सर्वाधिक महत्वपूर्ण विभाग संपादन विभाग है। महत्वपूर्ण या पाॅपुलर पत्रिका दरअसल संपादकीय विभाग के नाम और काम से जाना जाता है। समाज का जागरूक, सजग और प्रभावी वर्ग इस विभाग से अपना संबंध स्थापित करने की आकांक्षा रखता है। इसे ’दुनिया भर की खबर रखनेवाला’ और ’विष्वभर की गपषप का केन्द्र’ माना जाता है, जो स्थान लोकतंत्र में संविधान, राजसत्ता में राजमुकुट, मानव शरीर में मस्तिष्क और ज्ञान में विष्वकोष का है, वही स्थान समाचार-पत्र में संपादकीय विभाग का होता है।

   No of Download : 29    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

र्यावरणः- स्वस्थ मानव जीवन पूरी तरह स्वस्थ पर्यावरण पर निर्भर है इस तथ्य में कोई षंका नहीं। एक ओर तो हम प्रगति और विकास के पथ पर बड़ी तीव्र गति से अग्रसर हैं मगर दूसरी ओर जाने अनजाने हम पर्यावरण को स्वस्थ, प्रदूषण मुक्त और संतुलित बनाये रखने में कहीं न कहीं चूक रहे हैं। परिणाम यह हुआ है कि आज पर्यावरण का प्रदूषण एक गंभीर समस्या का रूप धारण कर चुका है। अगर हमने पर्यावरण का संतुलन बनाये रखने के लिए गंभीर प्रयास नहीं किए तो आने वाली नस्लों को निष्चित रूप से खतरनाक परिणाम भुगतने होंगे। प्रकृति जैसी है वैसी ही रहे, उसके किसी भाग या परिस्थिति में परिवर्तन मानव के हित में ही हो, इसी स्थिति एवं वातावरण को पर्यावरण कहा जाता है।

   No of Download : 76    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Neurolinguistic programming (NLP) is a communication framework aimed at bringing changes in thinking and behaviour by the method of analysing verbal and nonverbal language. The present study aimed at finding changes in the stress perceptions and overall wellbeing in patients with stress related illness. A total of 60 clients were randomly assigned to experimental group and control group. The outcome was assessed by Perceived Stress Scale and Overall Well Being Scale. The experimental and control group received pre post and follow up assessment to find the overall changes in the respective areas. The result showed that there is significant change in the therapy group when compared to the control group in terms of stress perception and overall wellbeing. The therapeutic change observed in the post treatment assessment was still continued in the follow-up session. The study concluded with the finding that Neuroligusitc programming is an effective treatment method for stress reduction and also to bring about overall well being of the individual.

   No of Download : 47    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The Constitution of India, Article 366 (25) defines Scheduled Tribes as "such tribes or tribal communities or part of or groups within such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under Article 342 to the scheduled Tribes (STs) for the purposes of this Constitution". In Article 342, the procedure to be followed for specification of a scheduled tribe is prescribed. However, it does not contain the criterion for the specification of any community as scheduled tribe.

   No of Download : 25    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

खनिज मुल्यवान प्राकृतिक संसाधन है। ये वे प्राकृतिक पदार्थ है जो भूगर्भ से खनन क्रिया द्धारा बाहर निकाले जाते हैं खनिज प्रमुखतया प्राकृतिक व रासायनिक पदार्थो के सहयोग से निर्मित हेाते है इनका निर्माण अजैव प्रक्रिया द्धारा होता है खनिजो मे धात्विक खनिज मुख्यतः धातुओ के मिश्रण के रूप मे पाये जाते है खनिजो मे धातुओ के अनुसार इनका दोहन किया जाता है।

   No of Download : 56    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Everyone believe in development and innovations.The judiciary is also on the same way has developed and introduced useful concepts. Expansion of the dimensions of Right to Life under Art. 21 is the example and evidence also on this view. But in the last few decades some special crafts have been dedicated to this very end by judiciary. On that a debate has started and different opinions came and remains in highlights in the country. Some argued that it should be the part of Right to life and some are. In consideration the issue it came out that the right to die, together with its subsidiary issues like euthanasia may or may not be used as the exception to general rule. This created the havoc in the society and the responsibility again come on the judiciary. And the judiciary had proved itself again by the visionary views.

   No of Download : 53    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

समकालीन भारतीय समाज तीव्र संक्रमण के दौर से गुजर रहा है। परिवर्तन की आॅंधिया कई दिषाओं से आ रही है। एक ओर आधुनिकीकरण की अनिवार्यता है, दूसरी ओर परम्पराओं के आग्रह है और इन दोनों के मध्य झूलती ‘‘भारतीय नारी’’ वर्तमान में नारी को अनेक अन्तर्विरोधों का सामना करना पड़ रहा है। स्वामी विवेकानन्द जी ने इन्हीं अन्तर्विरोधों को ध्यान में रखते हुए स्त्रियों की भूमिका को परिभाशित किया तथा उनके उत्कर्श हेतु षिक्षा की भूमिका को स्पश्ट किया। उनका मानना था कि स्त्रियों की कोई भी ऐसी समस्या नहीं, जिसे दूर न किया जा सके।

   No of Download : 30    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The present paper studied on “Effect of various Government Programmers on Inclusion of Rural poor”. Inclusive growth means growth across the country, equitable distribution of the fruits of the development among various sections of the society especially underprivileged group’s people. India has entered the Eleventh Plan with an impressive record of economic growth. After a lackluster performance in the Nineth Plan Period (1997-98 to 2001- 02) when gross domestic product (GDP) grew at only 5.5% per annum, the economy accelerated in the Tenth Plan Period (2002-03 to 2006-07) to record an average growth of 7.7% the highest in any plan period so far.The government implemented many development programmes and policies for the upliftment or inclusion of socially and economically backward or excluded people..

   No of Download : 22    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

पर्यटन एवं पर्यावरण में अन्योन्याश्रय संबंध हैं। राष्ट्रीय या अंतर्राष्ट्रीय किसी भी पर्यटन हेतु एक उत्तम पर्यावरण की आवश्यकता होती हैं। इसमें सामाजिक आर्थिक परिवेश की भी जरूरत होती है क्योंकि आर्थिक वातावरण तो निश्चित तौर पर नियमित पर्यटन से ही संभव है। पर्यावरण के स्तर में गिरावट के परिणाम से पर्यटन में कमी हो सकती है जबकि अनियंत्रित पर्यटन का परिणाम पर्यावरण का ह्यस एवं स्तरहीनता है। झारखण्ड पर्यटन की दृष्टि से देश का संपन्न राज्य है यहाँ पर्यटक भिन्न-भिन्न स्थानों पर अपनी अवधि को ध्यान में रखकर अवकाश और मनोरंजन हेतु भ्रमण करते हैं और बुनियादी तौर पर समय व्यतीत करने आते हैं। लोगों का यह व्यवहार अनुचित नहीं हैं। ये उस समय अप्रिय हो जाता है जब वे ऐेसे स्तर की सुविधाएँ लेने हेतु आग्रह करते हैं जो स्थानीय संसाधनों को क्षतिग्रस्त करती है तथा स्थानीय लोग उदासीन होकर दूर हो जाते हैं या स्थानीय सांस्कृतिक प्रारूप विकृत हो जाता हैं।

   No of Download : 30    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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HIV infection affects not only the people infected with HIV/AIDS but also affects the whole family including children. They are considered as vulnerable group in our society. PLHA are parents and caregivers who are facing many challenges to satisfy the needs of their children. HIV parents lose their support from the family members as well as the society.The socio-economic condition of the parent or caregivers increase the risk of illness and death among children. HIV/AIDS can also affect children’s normal childhood. Children from families living with HIV/AIDS often have to deal with psychosocial stress, an ill caregiver, reduced parenting capacity, a shift in family structure, financial deprivation, and stigma and discrimination. These challenges can lead to emotional and behavioral changes in children, such as depression and delinquency. Social studies in HIV, documented that the children from HIV affected families are more prone to social and psychological problems. In this paper, the researcher focus the problems and challenges faced by the HIV infected and affected children.

   No of Download : 86    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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हिन्दी साहित्य के मध्यकाल (1375 – 1700) में भक्ति की दो धाराएँ – सगुण तथा निर्गुण प्रवाहित हुई। सगुण धारा के अन्तर्गत राम-कृष्ण भक्ति की शाखाएँ आती हैं, निर्गुण के अन्तर्गत सन्त तथा सूफियों का काव्य आता हैं। आचार्य शुक्ल ने नामदेव एवं कबीर द्धारा प्रवर्तित भक्ति-धारा को निर्गुण ज्ञानाश्रयी शाखा की संज्ञा से अभिहित किया हैं। डॉ.हजारी प्रसाद द्धिवेदी ने इसे निर्गुण भक्ति साहित्य तथा डॉ.रामकुमार वर्मा ने इसे सन्त-काव्य-परम्परा का नाम दिया हैं। निर्गुण भक्ति साहित्य पर ध्यान देने से पहले हमें निर्गुण शब्द के अर्थ को समझना आवश्यक हैं।

   No of Download : 28    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Uttar Pradesh is often described as the “Hindi– speaking heartland” of India. The State has a population of 16.61 crore as per 2001 census and a geo graphical area of 2.41 lakh sq. km. Its share in total area of the Country is 7.3 per cent, while its share in country’s population is 16.2 per cent. Nearly 80 per cent population of U.P. resides in rural area spread over 97942 inhabited villages. The State is now organized into 71 districts, 311 tehsils and 820 development blocks. It is divided into four economic regions viz. Western region, Central region, Eastern region and Bundelkhand. The first three regions fall in the Gangetic plains, while Bundelkhand forms part of the southern plateau.

   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The modern management theory is constricted by a fractured epistemology which separates humanityfrom nature and truth from moralityas well as the real education. Reintegration is necessary iforganizational education is to support ecologically and socially the sustainable development.Thepurpose of this paper is to explore the concept of sustainable human developmentand to analyze the associated educational practices. Sustainability Education is intended to provide learning, training, and practical experience, in both formal and non-formal settings, that fosters personal development, community involvement, and action for change in our human and natural worlds. Development of education is the progress of human societies and it is the mirror of present in our natural environment, but it is the matter of regret that educational development has been sustained.

   No of Download : 45    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Communication skills can be defined as the transmission of a message that involves the shared understanding between the context in which the communication takes place. Communication takes place through channels. Within the teaching profession, communication skills are applied in the teachers’ classroom management, pedagogy and interaction with the class . In addition, teaching speaking skills is important in teacher education. Despite this, there was little literature and research identified on the communication skills of teachers and for this reason, this study was conducted. A course on communication skills is included in the program of teacher training for teachers-to-be in India. Teachers picture themselves standing in front of a class presenting and explaining specific subject knowledge, questioning and disciplining students.

   No of Download : 75    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

तकनीकी शिक्षा शिक्षा एक ऐसा स्वरूप हैं जो विशेषकर भारत को विकास के उच्चतम् शिखर की ओर अग्रसर करती हैं। यह एक ऐसा दायित्व है जो असंख्य मूर्त तथा अर्मूत रूपों में विकास के विविध क्षेत्रों में हमारी सभी प्रतिबद्वताओं को लाभ पंहुचाती है। वर्तमान में तकनीकी शिक्षा में अध्ययनरत् विद्यार्थियों का इस क्षेत्र से मोहभंग होता प्रतीत हो रहा हैं। जिसके परिणाम स्वरूप हम तकनीकी शिक्षा में अपव्यय व अवरोधन की स्थिति से जूझ रहे हैं। इसके कई कारण विधमान हैं जैसे पाठ्यचर्या का अरूचिकर व एक मार्गीय होना , छात्रों को करके सीखने का अवसर कम उपलब्ध होना। इसके साथ ही तकनीकी शिक्षा में शिक्षकों का अभाव परिणामस्वरूप तकनीकी शिक्षा के स्तर पर अधिकांशं विद्यार्थियों को असफलता प्राप्त होती हैं। कक्षा शिक्षण शिक्षक और छात्र के मध्य परस्पर अन्तःक्रिया की प्रक्रिया होती हैं जो सुव्यवस्थित अवलोकन प्रणाली में निर्देशात्मक अधिगम द्धारा शिक्षक छात्र अन्तःक्रिया का पूर्ण प्रतिनिधित्व करती है।

   No of Download : 47    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

This paper contrasts the present scenario of girl’s education challenges and opportunities for schooling for girls in Rajasthan. The study has also thrown light into the status and challenges of secondary education problems. In Rajasthan girls literacy percent is very of wide level as compared to male- female literacy ratio. The Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyana provides all infrastructural as well as teaching facilities to uplift literacy rate in girls and overcome dropout problems by girls in geographical terrain through focused policy, planning and robust implementation.

   No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The language acquisition faculty is a typically human capacity, unique to human begins. It is species - specific. Acquisition of language takes place automatically, children imbibing the language of the community in which they grand up without any conscious effort. Parents eager to hear their child speak, often try to teach him but even without any such ceding, a normal child will acquire the language of the Environment of which he is exposed.

   No of Download : 22    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

प्रस्तुत षोध पत्र में इस्लाम के अन्तर्गत दास प्रथा के विभिन्न पहलुओं पर प्रकाष डाला गया है। इस प्रथा की षुश्रआत अरब समाज में हुई और यह सभ्य समाज का अभिन्न अंग बन गई। पैगम्बर मोहमम्द ने दासों की स्थिति सुधारने के लिए व्यक्तिगत तौर पर भी प्रयास किए और लोगों को भी प्रेरित किया ताकि इस क्रूर प्रथा को समाप्त किया जा सके। परन्तु उनके प्रयासों के बावजूद खिलाफत काल में भी यह प्रथा यथावत् बनी रही।

   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Present study examine and compare the Personality Characteristics of the Adolescents belonging to ICSE Board and Uttarakhand Board. The study was conducted on 124 Adolescent students(62 from ICSE Board and 62 from Uttarakhand Board).Students were administered the 16 PF questionnaire by S.D.Kapoor to collect the data . Results show that there was a significant difference between Adolescent male belonging to ICSE Board and Uttarakhand Board on Factor B,F,I,Q1 and Q4 ,which shows that male adolescents belonging to ICSE Board are found to have been more intelligent ,sober, tough-minded ,self assured and relaxed whereas male adolescents belonging to Uttarakhand Board found to have been less intelligent, assertive, enthusiastic, tender-minded, apprehensive and more tense. Female adolescents of ICSE and Uttarakhand Board differ on factors C,D,E,O,Q3,Q4 , Which shows that Female adolescents belonging to ICSE Board have been found emotionally stable ,assertive, adventurous, self –assured, controlled and relaxed while female adolescents belonging to Uttarakhand Board found to be affected by feelings, undemonstrative, obedient, shy, apprehensive, controlled and tense.

   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Creating an enabling environment is not limited to change of the materialistic environment according to the demand of situation. To create an enabling environment demands a multilevel struggle. To split up the concept, we have the tasks of making the environment happen through making it feasible by creating such situations. Let me sketch a methodology towards this: 1. To identify concerned desideratum. 2. To identify requisite environment towards it. 3. To create catalysts as enabling agents, and 4. To identify a source of strength or power through which this can be accomplished. Here, I take Swami Vivekananda as my role model, guide, and inspiration. He has made impossible, possible and made the unthinkable happen; of creating a Swabhimani Indians through pumping inner spiritual strength from within oneself. Hence, in this paper, I would like to discuss about creating an enabling environment through spirituality from a model created of Swami Vivekananda.

   No of Download : 20    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

स्वतंत्रता प्राप्ति से पूर्व और पश्चात् के साहित्य पर यदि नज़र डाली जाए, तो स्पष्ट होता है कि जिस तरह से जुझारु विचारों का प्रभाव तेजी से बढ़ा है उसी तरह से, और उसी तीव्रता के साथ प्रतिरोधी वादों के स्वरों की अभिव्यक्ति भी साहित्यिक धरातल पर दिखायी देती है। कलात्मकता एवं शैली तथा शिल्प के स्तर पर निश्चय ही साठ के दशक की कविता अपनी परख, सूझ-बूझ और विश्लेषण क्षमता का अद्भुत, असाधारण परिचय देती है। कवि, पाठक को अपनी लेखनी की सम्मोहन शक्ति से वहां तक ले जाने में पूरी तरह से सफल हुआ है जहां उम्मीद की कोई किरण फूटती नहीं दिखाई देती है।

   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

As per Buddhist days the status of women in Indian was, on the whole, low and without honour. A daughter was nothing but a source of anxiety to her parents, for it was a disgrace to them, and inauspicious as well if they could not marry her; yet, it they could, they were often nearly ruined by their lavish expenditure on the wedding festivities.

   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Study on the scenario of pollution and sustainable forest management in Rewari district was carried out to map the forest cover areas till 2013, crown density analysis of reserved forests and potential afforestation sites. IRS 1B LISS II data was compared with latest data from forest department Rewari. The study area covers 1559 sq. km and consists of tropical thorn forest with some tropical dry deciduous species. Forests covers 3587 ha. area of the district. These are classified into three categories- closed forest, open forest, and block plantations. The study concluded that area occupied by different potential afforestation sites was 13069 ha., which constitute 8.36% of total area. These mainly comprise of scrubland, degraded pasture, degraded block plantation, sands and rocky/ gravelly lands. Major causes identified for low forest cover are arid climatic conditions, scarcity of water and poor soils. Man made reasons for forest degradation are over grazing, soil erosion, unauthorized cutting of trees. To protect existing forest and social forestry plantations: fencing, effective watch and ward staff, causalty replacement and educating rural masses about forest are recommended. Certain tree species suitable for afforestation have been recommended. In this study sustainable development of Rewari area by forest department with new herbal parks and their future plans to increase no of trees in Rewari to minimize pollution.

   No of Download : 25    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Commodities are consumable products traded all over the world in different kinds of markets. It plays a significant role in economic development of any country. Commodity derivatives markets are such types of markets where primary products are traded on regulated commodities exchanges on standardized contracts. India has a long history of trading in commodity derivatives but emerged very strongly in recent decades. The Forward Market Commission (FMC) is an important regulatory body of commodity futures market in India which oversees the functioning of the market. Currently FMC has permitted 113 commodity futures contracts in Indian market. In terms of total number of contracts traded, Multi Commodity Exchange of India (MCX) is the world’s largest commodity futures exchange in gold and silver, second largest in natural gas and third in crude oil. With price volatility and uncertainty prevailing in the spot market, derivatives market provides an opportunity for risk mitigation through hedging. So considering these points, the present study has been undertaken to provide an overview of the growth of commodity derivatives market in India. The study analyses the challenges and issues prevailing in the Indian market, its benefits and present trends and related future prospect.

   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

यशपाल की कहानियों में सबसे पहले ग्रामीण स्त्री का चित्र ष्प्रेम का सारष् कहानी में रफिया का आता है। रफिया अपने पति के इंतजार में बूढी हो गई रफिया का पति फज्जा असंवेदनशील व्यवस्था का शिकार हो जाता है। उसकी पूरी उम्र जेल में ही बीत जाती है। पीर हुसैन जैसा संवेदन-शील सरकारी कर्मचारी फज्जा की खोज कर रफिया के सामने ला खड़ा करता है। किंतु जो रफिया फज्जा के लिए तीस वर्ष इंतजार करती है। उसको घर ले जाने के लिए तैयार नहीं होती। रफिया उसी फज्जा को ले जाना चाहती है जो तीस वर्ष पहले उसका साथ छोड़ कर आया था। दाँतहीन मुख को देख वह स्वीकार न कर सकी कि वह वही उसका फज्जा है, जिसके लिए उसने आयु भर तपस्या की है। पीर हुसैन ने उसे समझाया कि फज्जा को लेकर घर चली जा। उसकी आँखो से चिनगारियाँ निकल रही थी।

   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Dual career couple means where both life partners are on the job pursuing their career. The term “dual-career” was first coined in 1969 by a European academic couple (Rapoport & Rapoport1969;Rapoport & Rapoport1971). Since then this term has become quite established, other expressions are “coupled careers” (Bernasco1994), “conjoint career couple”(Adler et al. 1989) or ”coordinated career” couple (Butler & Paisley 1980). The research has been carried keeping the objectives To study the work life balance, conflict, effect, potential, comparison of earnings, domination of dual working couples. Proper psychological counseling, helping the spouse, looking after properly their kids, not losing temper will surely help the couples to make balance in work and life.

   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Corporate governance is the process where people in power direct, maintain and lead corporations and thereby create, modify or destroy the structure and system under which they operate. Ever since their birth as an organization form of the business, corporate governance has always been the integral part on the running of joint stock companies. But the concept has come into limelight as a response to corporate failure and widespread dissatisfaction like Sharda Group Financial Scam, Satyam Scandal, Harshad Mehta Scam, Big Bull Scam, Hawala Scandal and many more. In all these scams various people & stakeholders of the companies have been cheated. Corporate Governance is needed in India on priority basis because the Indian legal, administrative environment such that there are possibilities for the corrupt business policies.

   No of Download : 20    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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NGOs prefer the word “project” rather than “business” for the entrepreneurship development activities. The Purpose of this study was to know about the actual facts and condition related to NGOs. 10 NGOs from selected districts of Madhya Pradesh were selected for the study. The various aspects of the selected NGOs were Funding or Financial Sources; Employee Relationship and satisfaction; Attitude towards Agencies; Achievement and publicity & Corruption related problems. A self made questionnaire was administered to all the selected NGOs. There were 20 statements related to various aspects. Responses were investigated in 3 point rating scale. The Face validity of questionnaire was high. The information was collected from the Post holders of the selected NGOs. Descriptive statistics were used to see the status of various aspects of NGOs. Graphical presentation was also be used. It was concluded that Govt. should encouraged the privatisation in almost each sector so that there is kindly need to give special attention to NGOs.

   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE), is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution. India became one of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child when the act came into force on 1 April 2010. The Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002 inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right in such a manner as the State may, by law, determine. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which represents the consequential legislation envisaged under Article 21-A, means that every child has a right to full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms and standards.

   No of Download : 139    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

पारिस्थितिकी नारीवादी Ecofeminism सामाजिक एवं राजनीतिक आंदोलन है, जो महिलाओं के दमन एवं शोषण तथा पर्यावरण क्षरण के मध्य एक गहरा सम्बन्ध स्वीकार करता है। पारिस्थितिकी नारीवादी चिन्तकों का मत है कि परिवार एवं समाज में महिलाओं के दमन एवं उनकी अधीनस्थ स्थिति को स्वीकार करने वाली सामाजिक मानसिकता एवं प्रकृति के विनाश को प्रेरित करने वाली सामाजिक मानसिकता व पितृसतात्मक (Patriarchy) मनोवृत्ति तथा तौर-तरीको के मध्य मजबूत एवं समानान्तर सम्बन्ध है। परिस्थितिकी नारीवाद लैगिंक विभेद, पर्यावरण प्रदूषण, नस्लवाद, रंगभेद, प्रजातिवाद एवं अन्य सामाजिक विषमताओं में गहरा अन्तर्सम्बन्ध स्वीकार करती है।

   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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There is challenge in the education field regarding the variation of student progress. No two individuals are alike in the universe. If any student wants to reach his or her goals or aims he or she has to meet many challenges like cognitive ability, efficient methods of learning, concentration, memory, intelligence, learning environment and the students progress. Children differ immensely in intelligence. Intelligence refers to Capacity to learn with speed and accuracy, Capacity to solve problems and Capacity to adjust in the society. Multiple intelligence is needed to reason, plan, problem solving, think abstractly, comprehend complex ideas, learn quickly and learn from experience. Intelligence is not merely book learning, a narrow academic skill. But it reflects a broader and deeper capability for comprehending our surroundings.

   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Rasipuram Krishnaswamy Iyer Narayanswamy (R. K Narayan) was born on October 10, 1906 in Madras. His father was a provincial Headmaster. R K Narayan spent his early childhood with his maternal grandmother Parvathi in Madras. He obtained his bachelor degree from university of Mysore. R K Narayan began his writing career with Swami and Friends in 1935. R K Narayanan is one of the most famous and widely read Indian novelists. His stories were grounded in a compassionate humanism and celebrated the humour and energy of ordinary life Blotner in her dissertation published in 2005 calls R K Narayan as “deeply religious and confined to Hindu rituals.” In 1989 collection of essays, entitled A Story-Teller’s World Narayanan affirms his all commitment to reproduce in his works the India of culture and also narrative tradition, which has had its origin in the Ramayana and Mahabharata, the ten- thousand –year- old epics of India.

   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The globalization of economies, production and consumption activities, and markets, it has become increasingly important that managers at all levels develop sensitivity to cross-cultural communication, intercultural negotiation, and decision-making. The process of making decisions, reaching agreements, and building consensus has changed requiring an understanding of cross-cultural communication competence. As corporations are establishing subsidiaries, forming strategic alliances, and opening joint ventures in many parts of the world, individuals in the professional and managerial ranks should be trained in the skills of cross-cultural communication competencies. Recent global trends and events are positioning business etiquette and cross-cultural communication as critical management issues because of the increasing number of businesses involved in multinational ventures, strategic alliances, and joint ventures. Because of the impact of globalization, an increasing number of corporations from many parts of the world are striving to establish global brand and cultivate multinational consumer awareness in order to sustain their competitive advantage.

   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

ऋग्वेदकाल से लेकर आज तक संस्कृत भाषा के माध्यम से सभी प्रकार के वाङ्मय का निर्माण होता आ रहा है। हिमालय से लेकर कन्याकुमारी के छोर तक किसी न किसी रूप में संस्कृत का अध्ययन अध्यापन अब तक होता चल रहा है। भारतीय संस्कृति और विचारधारा का माध्यम होकर भी यह भाषा अनेक दृष्टियों से धर्मनिरपेक्ष (सेक्यूलर) रही है। इस भाषा में धार्मिक, साहित्यिक, आध्यात्मिक, दार्शनिक, वैज्ञानिक और मानविकी (ह्यूमैनिटी) आदि प्राय: समस्त प्रकार के वाङ्मय की रचना हुई। संस्कृत भाषा का साहित्य अनेक अमूल्य ग्रंथरत्नों का सागर है, इतना समृद्ध साहित्य किसी भी दूसरी प्राचीन भाषा का नहीं है और न ही किसी अन्य भाषा की परम्परा अविच्छिन्न प्रवाह के रूप में इतने दीर्घ काल तक रहने पाई है। अति प्राचीन होने पर भी इस भाषा की सृजन-शक्ति कुण्ठित नहीं हुई, इसका धातुपाठ नित्य नये शब्दों को गढ़ने में समर्थ रहा है।

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Abstract

भारत में महिलाओं की स्थिति ने पिछली कुछ सदियों में कई बड़े बदलावों का सामना किया है। प्राचीन काल में पुरुषों के साथ बराबरी की स्थिति से लेकर मध्ययुगीन काल के निम्न स्तरीय जीवन और साथ ही कई सुधारकों द्वारा समान अधिकारों को बढ़ावा दिए जाने तक, भारत में महिलाओं का इतिहास काफी गतिशील रहा है। आधुनिक भारत में महिलाएं राष्ट्रपति, प्रधानमंत्री, लोक सभा अध्यक्ष, प्रतिपक्ष की नेता आदि जैसे शीर्ष पदों पर आसीन हुई हैं। विद्वानों का मानना है कि प्राचीन भारत में महिलाओं को जीवन के सभी क्षेत्रों में पुरुषों के साथ बराबरी का दर्जा हासिल था। हालांकि कुछ अन्य विद्वानों का नज़रिया इसके विपरीत है। पतंजलि और कात्यायन जैसे प्राचीन भारतीय व्याकरणविदों का कहना है कि प्रारम्भिक वैदिक काल में महिलाओं को शिक्षा दी जाती थी। ऋग्वेदिक ऋचाएं यह बताती हैं कि महिलाओं की शादी एक परिपक्व उम्र में होती थी और संभवतः उन्हें अपना पति चुनने की भी आजादी थी। ऋग्वेद और उपनिषद जैसे ग्रंथ कई महिला साध्वियों और संतों के बारे में बताते हैं जिनमें गार्गी और मैत्रेयी के नाम उल्लेखनीय हैं।

   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The aim of the present study was to study the “Effect of Pranayama on general endurance/cardiovascular fitness capacity. On regular practice of pranayama enables human being to have a control over his breathing pattern. Such practice certainly increases anaerobic capacity of human being and helps to understand his or her breathing pattern which can be implemented on the ground. The pranayama practice is very essential for general human being as well as sportsmen i.e. long distance runners and cyclists as it improves aerobic capacity. For the study was conducted on 60 male boys age between 16 to 18 years of Modinagar, (District Ghaziabad ,(U. P) data was analyzed with the help of Mean and Standard devotions and t-test to see the effect of Anulom Vilom Pranayam programme, the level of significant chosen to the test the hypothesis was at .05. The grouping of subjects into control and experimental were done with equaling their pre test performance the selected physical fitness variable (Endurance).