Find Below Articles Published in
Volume -7 Issue - 5
Month [Year] -- May [2016]
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   No of Download : 42    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Abstract: There is a miserable conditions of big industries in Birbhum.Though the adjoining areas of Chotanagpur plateau is hopeful for stone quarry and stone chips crusher industries. Salbadra situated in Rampurhat-1 block.,birbhum,West Bengal. This is a drought prone area and there is no river. So, these industries are boon as a source of income of local people and they are largely belong to Santal tribe. But the greedy businessmen do not hesitate to show their greedy nature and illegal attitude and that is why there are certain demerits also.

   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The objective of the study was to compare anxiety, interest and sports achievement motivation between soccer and volleyball players. For the purpose of the study 30 (15 soccer and 15 volleyball) male players who represented their university in respective competitions were selected as the subjects of the study. Age of the selected subjects was ranged from 17 to 26 years. Anxiety, Interest and Sports achievement motivation of subjects were measured through standard questionnaire. Independent t-test was used to compare soccer and volleyball players on the selected psychological variables further the level of significance was set at 0.05

   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Global warming has been recognised as a major challenge all over the world. In order to curb global warming and its adverse effects more and more organization are transforming the way they have been doing the businesses. Thus the concept of environmental labelling has emerged and such labels can be useful tools at the hands of consumers, manufacturers, marketers and government and non government organizations. The purpose of this article is to give an overview of environmental labels. This article is about non- binding voluntary eco labels. The article begins with defining of eco labels,

   No of Download : 22    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The purpose of the study was to conduct kinematical analysis of free throw shooting skill in basketball. The subjects for the study were three intermediate level basketball players of Amity University Noida. They were photographed in the process of executing the free throw using Nikon DSLR model number D-3200. Using appropriate procedure the photographs were converted into elgons and thereafter the selected kinematic variables (Centre of Gravity, Angle at the knee at the time of shooting, Angle at the elbow at the time of shooting, Angle at the wrist at

   No of Download : 50    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The aim of this paper is to examine the impact and tribal women participation in MGNREGA on the basis of field survey conducted in South Goa district in the state of Goa, in order to find out in what extent the MGNREGA has helped to improve their status and how this scheme has improve the women empowerment in tribal area. In this paper various secondary data is used from RBI and MGNREGA official annual reports, special interviews are conducted. Overall preliminary findings say that this scheme has the potentiality to boost the rural development, if the implementation, management and delivery are in good, and it’s also helped the weaker position of the women in the labour market to improve their livelihood and status.

   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The human body is constructed biologically but my point is human identification, nature, attitudes, gestures etc. are erected and measured by socially. A society shaped and maintained bodily gestures and tried to fit them into society. Socio-cultural situation and atmosphere played an important role and sharp impact on human body. In this paper, I tried to explore how humans body shaped, constructed and regulated by everyday life of our society and how different parts of society closely associated with the human body.

   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The purpose of this study was the comparative study of anxiety level between cluster and regional level male basket ball players. Sixty players (thirty cluster level and thirty regional level) who have been studying in DAV schools Delhi and NCR region have been selected as the subjects. T-ratio was used to analyze the data. Result of the study reveled that there were no significant differences between cluster and regional level Basket Ball players in relation to their somatic tension

   No of Download : 71    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Western Odisha is well-known to the world for its art and architecture. Folk songs and dance forms have been developed mainly out of celebrating socio-religious rituals and ceremonies. Songs and dances are integral ingredients of folk theatre. Each folk form has its specific community but their language is same. If we look into the origin and evolution of folk theatre; we have to admit that this theatrical tradition is interconnected with human civilization. Since the Vedic period, people have developed potential artistic qualities like songs, dance and many religious rituals to express their emotions, hope and aspirations. The musicality is one of the greatest characteristics of these folk dramas. The musical instruments used in such folk performances are developed indigenously and are a unique characteristic of these folk plays. Western Odisha is culturally influenced by assemblage of several traditions in several religious rituals. During the last quarter of the twentieth century,

   No of Download : 21    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Advertising is any paid form of non-personal communication about an organization or its product to a target audience through a mass/broadcast medium by an identified sponsor. It should be observed that for any promotional activity to be called advertisement it must be paid for. The current study analyzes the impact of the newspaper advertisement on marketing of Products and thus its assessment of the effectiveness of the advertisement. The study also compares human perception of a newspaper advertisement versus the intended perception of that advertisement. The advertisements used for the study ranged from products to services. Resnik and Stern criteria were used to evaluate the level of advertising information provided in the newspaper advertisement. The study revealed that 40% advertisements

   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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School management committees (SMCs) play a vital role for proper implementation of RTE act 2009. It is highly important to analyze parent’s perception in this regard. The present study examined the parents’ perception about functioning of SMCs in four government school of Kurukshetra District of Haryana. For testing null hypothesis, t-test was employed to see significance of difference in the perception of rural and urban parents. It was found that there is significant difference in the perceptionof rural and urban parents towards the functioning of SMC in the implementation of RTE act 2009.The SMC has to go beyond merely achieving the quantitative objectives of education i.e. enrolment, attendance etc for successful implementation of RTE act 2009. For achieving qualitative goals of education i.e. effective

   No of Download : 31    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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This research is descriptive in nature in this research paper researcher has been focus on current socio-economic status and development, now day’s women are contributing their physical and social efforts similar than men form enhancing Indian economy as well as development for future prospective. Women who belong to different religions, castes, classes, and come from various occupational and educational backgrounds in India, in this paper research uses literature methods for data collection.

   No of Download : 42    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The study intended to find out the psychological need satisfaction of the hearing impaired adolescents in kottayam district of the kerala state. The psychological needs variables are taken for the study are self esteem, achievement and recognition. Descriptive survey method was adopted for the study. Psychological need satisfaction inventory and general data sheet were used for the collection of data. The sample of the study consists of 50 hearing impaired adolescents from Kottayam district

   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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वर्जीनिया वुल्फ ;1882.1941द्ध के लेखन में परिपक्व नारीवाद की गूँजें सुनाई देती हैं जबकि उनका लेखनकाल बीसवीं शती के प्रारंभिक दशकों तक ही सीमित रहा है। उत्तरवर्ती विक्टोरियाई कुलीनता के माहौल में पालन.पोषण होने के बावजूद वर्जीनिया ने स्त्री के विषय में जो भी चिंतन किया उससे वाद.विवाद और संवाद करते हुए ही नारीवादी आलोचना विकासमान रही है। और जैसा कि जेन मरकस ने कहा है कि वे स्त्री विमर्श की दृष्टिकोण निर्मात्री हैंए तो यह कोई अतिश्योक्ति नहीं।

   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Physical fitness and Alpha meditation training plays a vital role in improving both physical and psychological status in an individual and it gives the physical and psychological benefits when an individual under goes such kind of training over a period of time.

   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Classical sociological theories are treasure house of abstract propositions, axioms and meaningful hypotheses, which in their scope encompasses several sub disciplines within sociology. Each sub discipline in its formative stage looks back at classical sociological theories and seeks whether the ideas of founding fathers recognized the interfaces between society and subject matter of new sub discipline. Though, Environmental sociology is no exception to this, it differed from others in the sense that it questioned the foundational aspects of sociological theory.

   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The fundamental duties (FDs) provided under Article 51-A in the Indian Constitution cannot come into force automatically neither can these duties be enforced by judicial process. The Constitution, like directive principles, leaves to the good will of citizen to abide these provisions.

   No of Download : 27    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Teacher is the pivot of the whole educational process.The present study attempts to compare the emotional intelligence of senior secondary teachers in relation to their teaching aptitude. For this purpose, the investigator adopted random sampling technique to select 300 senior secondary school teachers of Dehradun district. ‘Teachers’ Emotional Intelligence Inventory’ developed by Dr. (Mrs.) Shubhra Mangal and Teaching Aptitude Test’ developed by Prof. S.C. Gakhar and Dr. Rajnish was used for data collection. The collected data was analyzed using Mean, S.D. and F-test. The study revealed that all the senior secondary teachers have below average emotional intelligence and average teaching aptitude. Rural and urban senior secondary teachers of high teaching aptitude have shown higher emotional intelligence. Rural senior secondary female teachers have shown better emotional intelligence. Rural senior secondary male and female teachers having high teaching aptitude have shown higher emotional intelligence. Rural senior secondary female teachers of high teaching aptitude have exhibited the highest emotional intelligence. Urban senior secondary male and female teachers having high teaching aptitude have shown higher emotional intelligence. Senior secondary male and female teachers of high teaching aptitude have exhibited better emotional intelligence

   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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इतिहास के धुंधलके में विकसित वैेदिक युग से लेकर प्रवत्र्तमान कम्प्यूटर युग तक संस्कृत भाषा की अनन्त सम्भावना पूर्ण क्षमताएं सामने आ रही हैं। ऐसी ही एक विशेष सम्भावना को डाॅ.भास्कराचार्य त्रिपाठी ने चरितार्थ कर दिखाया है। केवल लघु वर्णों की सुदीर्घ काव्य परम्परा प्रस्तुत कर वे संस्कृत की भाषाई क्षमता से चमत्कृत होकर कहते हैं- ‘सत्यमियं वागथवा प्रत्यक्षकामधेनुः’।

   No of Download : 17    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Private Sector Banks (PSBs) in India have performed rather poorly over the past 3-4 years. For the most part this has been on account of Non Performing Asset (NPA) related worries which have so far been brushed under the carpet. The current level of NPAs as disclosed by most private sector banks is far from reality and made possible because of the flexibility enjoyed by PSBs in terms of disclosure requirements .

   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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This study aimed at determining the effect of yoga and meditation in coping with stress. It also attempted to study the difference in the degree of stress among male and female respondents. A sample of 160 yoggist – mediators and non –yoggist mediators with equal number of males and females from group of 35-55 years were selected. The subjects were administered on Robert Sharpe’s life style stressors Inventory. Results indicated that yoggist- meditators show comparatively lesser degree of stress symptoms than non yoggist-meditators. Similarly females showed more stress symptoms than male respondents.

   No of Download : 17    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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प्रेमचन्द भारतीय हिन्दी साहित्य के अप्रतिम कथा-चितेरे हैं। अनेक आरोप-प्रत्यारोपों के बाद भी उनका साहित्य अटल खड़ा है। काव्य क्षेत्र में जैसे कबीर, सूर, तुलसी जन-जन में प्रतिष्ठित हैं वैसे ही प्रेमचन्द के होरी-धनिया, गोबर, दातादीन, अलगू चैधरी, बुधिया, घीसू माधव, होरी-मोती ................ जुबां पर राज करते हैं। ”गोदान“ उपन्यास हिन्दी साहित्य मंे युग-प्रवर्तक का कार्य कर गया है। इस उपन्यास मंे प्रेमचन्द का कृतित्व कई बातों में अति महत्वपूर्ण हो उठा है। लोक-परम्परा, उसकी संस्कृति को जीने वाले भारतीय किसान के संघर्ष की कहानी है ”गोदान“। अपने पूर्व के उपन्यासों का विकास गोदान है ही, साथ ही उसमंे विस्तार भी है। एक साथ देहाती संस्कृति तथा शहरी संस्कृति का समावेश और दोनों को समान रूप से साथ ले चलने की कला प्रेमचन्द में अद्भुत है। जिस तरह आचार्य नन्ददुलारे वाजपेयी ने निराला जी के काव्य को ”पुरुष काव्य“ कहा है उसी तरह प्रेमचन्द जी की कला में भी उन्होंने ”पौरुष“ की प्रमुखता पाई है। उन्होंने लिखा है -

   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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दिव्या यषपाल का ऐतिहासिक उपन्यास है । इस उपन्यास में भारतीय इतिहास के उस कालखण्ड का वर्णन है जिसमें यवन शक्ति सक्रिय थी ; तत्कालीन समाज में स्त्री के जीवन को विभिन्न दृष्टिकोणों से देखने का प्रयास किया गया है ।

   No of Download : 18    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Pasta products are very popular food product in Indian society and considered as one of the favorite diet.. World consumption of pasta and noodle products has increased in recent years, Pasta and noodles are usually made from wheat semolina or fine flour and water. They are rich in carbohydrates but lack other essential nutrients, such as dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals .For these reasons, to make composite flour based millet, pulses flour (MBPB).Then durum semolina, composite flour (MBPB) and Plantain flour (P) in different proportions like 70:15:15, 55:30:15 and 40:45:15 were used to develop pasta products. Durum Semolina (100%) was used as control. Proximate compositions like moisture, protein, fat and ash content of the pasta were examined and compared with control. It could be seen that the moisture content of the samples ranged from 6.22% to 7.33%.Sample D (DS: MBPB: P 40:45:15) had highest (12 %.) protein content. Fat content of samples ranged from 0.1% to 0.5%.While Sample D (DS: MBPB: P 40:45:15) had highest (1.38%) ash content. This finding showed that all composite pasta had good acceptable quality and lowest moisture content. While protein, fat and ash content of composite pasta were higher than control. Therefore millet pulses, plantain based pasta enhances the nutritional quality of the value added products which is good option to provide overall essential amino acid balance, helping to overcome the world protein calorie malnutrition problem. This will also contribute to the food basket of the nation in addressing the food security.

   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Anxiety is an important factor, which affects the performance in sports and games. Anxiety is considered as an obstacle to activity. A person who suffers from anxiety is not able to devote his full energy in the performance. The purpose of this study was to COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANXIETY LEVEL OF NATIONAL AND STATE LEVE ATHLETES. The focus of the present study was to compare the anxiety level of National and State Level athlete and to find difference in their anxiety Level. The sample consists of 200 subjects which were selected through purposive sampling method. Manifest anxiety scale was administrated to the subjects. Statistical techniques such as Mean, S.D. and ‘t’-test were applied for the analysis of the data. The result showed that there is significant difference in anxiety level between National and non-National Athletes. Study shows that boxers have stress accordance to the level of competition. But the stress varies at different level. As the level of competition is high, there will be more stress. In boxers stress is related to opponent, bout and finally of result. It is true that in combats sports every individual have stress. But the degree of stress is varies for individual to individual.

   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Punjab politics always remain enthralling and spellbinding. Multitudinous parties took participation in elections but hegemony was maintained by SAD-BJP alliance and congress party. But after the Lok Sabha election a new party emerged in state politics of Punjab i.e. AAP. Several political pandits give their prophecy of AAP bright future without giving any certitude.

   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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“The man that hath no music himself nor is moved with concord of sweet sounds is fit for treasons , stratagems and spoils , The motions of his spirit are dull as might and his affections dark as Aurelius let no such man be trusted ”- William Shakespeare.

   No of Download : 27    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Milkman’s are a part of service industry in terms of supply chain of milk from producers to customers. Their role extends beyond just supplying the milk to milk marketing as they act as intermediaries also. Over the period other systems such as Cooperatives and Private dairies have found their place in milk supply chain. The purpose of this study was to understand the viability of traditional milk delivery system. Research Design/Methodology- This paper is based on various literatures and articles published in journals and magazines. Along with this a quantitative approach is also used in which a sample of 102 milkman’s as respondents is drawn and the data collected has been analyzed with the help of various statistical techniques.

   No of Download : 17    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The present study intends to find out the compensation problem among the employees in the unorganized sector a study of stone crushing industries in Mandya District. Primary data were collected by conducting direct interview using questionnaire through likert scale. All the respondents were asked the same questions in the same fashion and they were informed the purpose of study. The tool of data collection to be used in this study is through structured questionnaire method; the necessary data is to be collected from 100 samples to be selected randomly in Mandya District. Similarly the necessary data is also to be collected from 13 employers of stone crushing industries. The data will be selected as samples and the data sol collected will be analyzed using the appropriate statistical tools. The secondary data can be collected from the journals, concerned websites and district industries manual. For this study the samples were drawn using random sample method. The data collected through questionnaire have been analyzed and tabulated.

   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In the age of globalization, business firms either domestic or international have been making strategic alliance. Strategic alliances help them to enter new markets, adapt new technologies, bypass legal & political restrictions and learn from industry leaders. It is an agreement for common objectives with mutual benefits. No one (single firm or co.) is able to control all over the market, the best way adopted to become on a dominant market position is in the form of “Mergers and Acquisitions”. Every firm trying to get its benefits in one form or another. Both ownership and control change due to M & As.

   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Traditionally, the term disaster can be categorised as natural disaster and man made disaster. While natural disaster, as the name signifies denotes the fatal accident involving loss of life and property as caused by natural forces of calamity whereas man made disasters are those disasters wherein the role of man as an agent by whose action and deeds are brought or caused the calamitous condition leading to annihilation of life and damage to resources and material to a great extent. Man causes conditions by way of disbalancing the forces of nature which brings about a disaster.

   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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An improved green route has been developed for the oxidation of sulfide compounds. Albendazole is converted to ricobendazole or albendazole sulfone using H2O2 as an oxidant and H2O as the solvent. High yields of the corresponding products were obtained by carrying out the reaction at room temperature. This synthetic method is environmentally clean and safe, operationally simple for the oxidation of other benzimidazole anthelmintics and various sulfide compounds.

   No of Download : 32    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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वैदिक काल में संपन्न तथा उदात्त भारतीय संस्कृति में स्त्रियों को पुरूष के समकक्ष स्थान दिया गया। जैसे-जैसे परिस्थितियों में परिवर्तन होता गया, वैसे-वैसे नारी की स्थिति भी परिवर्तित होती गई। महाभारत तक आते-आते उसकी स्थिति शोचनीय हो गई। अब द्रौपदी जैसी महारानी तक का राजसभा में अपमान किया गया, तो आम स्त्री की क्या बिसात थी। मध्यकाल में तो जैसे स्त्री होना ही जुर्म का कारण बन गया। मुगलों तथा मुसलमानों की कुदृष्टि से बचाने के लिए हिन्दु स्त्रियों को पर्दे से ढक दिया गया, उन्हें घर में कैद कर दिया गया, उनकी स्वतंत्रता छीन ली गई तथा बाल-विवाह की कुरीति समाज में तेजी से फैल गई। स्थितियाँ इतनी अधिक बिगड़ गई थी कि स्त्री को स्त्री होने का दुष्परिणाम अपने समस्त जीवन में घुट-घुटकर जीकर भुगतान पड़ता था। आज भी हमारे समाज में पर्दा प्रथा, बाल-विवाह जैसे रिवाज विद्यमान है।

   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Poetry is speech meant for contemplation of the mind by the way of hearing or speech framed to be heard for its own sake and interest even over and above its interest of meaning. Some matter and meaning is essential to it but only as an element necessary to support and employ the shape which is contemplated for its own sake… Poetry is in fact speech only employed to carry the inscape of speech for the inscape’s sake and therefore the inscape must be dwelt on. (House and Storey 289)

   No of Download : 20    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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मध्य हिमालय में जिसे वर्तमान में उत्तराखण्ड नाम दिया गया कालान्तराल पर विभिन्न समस्याओं के निराकरण के लिए होने वाले आन्दोलनों में भी पर्वतीय नारी की अहम भूमिका रही है। मद्यनिषेध, अवैज्ञानिक खनन, ‘नशा नहीं रोजगार दो’ तथा पर्यावरण संरक्षण आदि आन्दोलनों में स्थानीय महिलाओं ने पुरूषों के कंधे से कंधा मिलाकर जुझारूपन और प्रशंसनीय संगठन शक्ति का उत्कृष्ट उदाहरण प्रस्तुत किया है। यही नहीं सुदूर पहाड़ों पर बसे ग्रामों में विद्यालय खोलने की पहल पर शिक्षा के प्रचार और प्रसार के लिए भी कार्य किया है।

   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The study revealed that State Cooperative Banks (SCB) were first to launch the KCC scheme, based on the model scheme circulated by NABARD in August 1998. Based on the instructions of SCB, District Central Cooperative Banks (DCCBs) introduced the scheme. Co-operative banks were followed by RRBs and commercial banks. The RRBs had launched the 137 scheme with effect from the year 1998-99 and had formulated their guidelines on the basis of the model scheme circulated by NABARD in August 1998. Commercial Banks had launched the Scheme based on the model scheme circulated by Reserve Bank of India in August 1998. NABARD played a proactive and catalytic role in assisting the banks to meet challenges as also in implementing the KCC scheme. The model scheme on KCC scheme formulated by NABARD was circulated among all banks.

   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Farming in India is the center area for sustenance security, dietary security, and supportable advancement and for destitution easing. It contributes approx. 14 % of GDP. Turning points in farming advancement in India incorporates: Green insurgency, Evergreen unrest, Blue transformation, White upheaval, yellow upset, Bio innovation unrest and the latest one is Information and correspondence innovation unrest. IT underpins new techniques for accuracy agribusiness like modernized ranch apparatus that applies for composts and pesticides. Ranch creatures are sustained and checked by electronic sensors and ID frameworks. Offering or purchasing online started to end up mainstream on the planet. Be that as it may, it's most critical part remains correspondence, and the Internet has furnished us with a perfect chance to do as such.

   No of Download : 44    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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‘‘परिवार नियोजन अथवा आयोजित पितृत्व ;च्संददमक च्ंतमदजीववकद्ध का अर्थ है कि परिवार को सतर्क रूप से सीमित रखना या बच्चों की उत्पत्ति में पर्याप्त अन्तर रखना।’’ भारत में राष्ट्रीय परिवार कल्याण कार्यक्रम 1951 में आरम्भ किया गया था। भारत ही वह प्रथम देश था जिसने जनसंख्या वृद्धि को रोकने तथा जनसाधारण के स्वास्थ्य को ध्यान में रखकर सर्वप्रथम परिवार नियोजन कार्यक्रम को अपनाया। इसका उद्देश्य जन्म दर को निम्न करने तथा जनसंख्या को राष्ट्रीय आर्थिक नीति की आवश्यकताओं के अनुरूप स्तर तक स्थिर करना था। ‘‘परिवार नियोजन बच्चों को जन्म अपनी इच्छा से न कि संयोग से’’ इस पर आधारित है। इससे जनसंख्या पर तो रोक लगेगा ही साथ ही, शिशु व माता के स्वास्थ्य पर इसका अच्छा प्रभाव पड़ेगा। यह कार्यक्रम किसी व्यैक्तिक दबाव में नहीं, अपितु स्वैच्छिक रूप से अपनाये जाने के लिए है किन्तु इस कार्यक्रम की प्रगति अपेक्षाकृत बहुत धीमी है।

   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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महाकवि कालिदास की कृतियों में संगीत के समस्त तत्वों को उपात्य किया गया है। लोक में जिस प्रकार घट निर्माण के लिए मिट्टी, जल, एवं कुम्भकार, के समवेत रूप की कारणता मानी गई हैं उसी प्रकार संगीत के लिए नृत्य गीत एवं वाद्य की कारणता पृथक-पृथक न होकर एक ही साथ मानी जाती है। महाकवि कालिदास ने अपने साहित्य में संगीत शब्द का प्रयोग तीनों अर्थो में किया है। किन्तु यह संगीत के मर्मज्ञों को विदित है कि संगीत का प्राणतत्व गीत है। अन्य तत्व इसी के उपस्कारक होते है।

   No of Download : 16    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The study aims to introspect school libraries in terms of collection, operations, services in accordance with human resources. It also aims to identify job satisfaction, problems, efficiency of library professionals with special emphasis on Government higher secondary schools of Kashmir. To fulfill the objectives, a structured questionnaire was prepared and circulated among sample of randomly selected 120 respondents to evaluate their experiences, ideas and suggestions. The findings of the study reveals that majority of libraries have inadquate staff and less half of the total staff have professional degrees and diplomas. The training programmes organized by the concerned department are not suffucient and the need of the hour is to increase the number and duration of such programmes.Infrastructure needs to be improved and use of ICT gadgets in libraries is the need of the hour.Almost 2/3rd of respondents were not satisfied wih the present job and promotional policies, study leave for higher studies particularly researh degrees are hardly granted. However the library staff are enjoying the other facilities like general leave, medical leave,retirement and pensionary benefits. The users in the libraries are usually students and thus immature they need to be trained through orientation programmes about the use of library resources so that they can get maximum benefit from the library. In short adminstration and policy makers of school education department need to know the condition of libraries in general and staff in particular and should take immediate steps to modernize them so as to make libraries more functional in the present information superhighway society.

   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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As we all know that India is a male dominated country where males are dominated in every area and females are forced to be responsible for only family care and live in the home including other many restrictions. Almost 50% of the population in India is covered by the female only so the full development of the country depends on the half population means women, who are not empowered and still restricted by many social taboos. In such condition, we cannot say that our country would be a developed in the future without empowering its half population means women. If we want to make our country a developed country, first of all it is very necessary to empower women by the efforts of men, government, laws and women too.

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Abstract

Insurance and Guarantee are the species of a same genus .i.e., indemnity or in other words the contract of insurance and the contract of Guarantee are the development on contract of indemnity. Similarly, the doctrine of Subrogation has been introduced to carry out the fundamental rule that of indemnity. Every contract of Insurance, except life assurance, is a contract of indemnity and no more than an indemnity. Under English Law, the word “indemnity” carries a much wider meaning than given to it under the Indian Act. Under English law, a contract of insurance (other than life insurance) is a contract of indemnity. Life insurance contract is, however, not a contract of indemnity, because in such a contract different consideration apply. A contract of life insurance, for instance, may provide the payment of a certain sum of money either on the death on a person or on the expiry of a stipulated period of time (even if the assured is still alive) Indian Contract Act does not specifically provide that there can be on implied contract of indemnity.

   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The concept of 'Rama Rajya' is the premise of Gandhiji's idea of an ideal social request. Gandhi characterized Rama Rajya as "power of the general population in light of good power". He didn't see Rama as a lord, and individuals as his subjects. In the Gandhian plan, "Rama" remained for God or one's own 'internal voice' Gandhi put stock in a fair social request in which individuals are preeminent. Their surprise is, nonetheless, not outright. It is liable to good values

   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Paisley is a motif that originated from Persia over three hundred years ago (Oxford Dictionary, 2011) and its appearance is a curved shape outline based on Indian pine- cone objects. The Paisley motif is an elegant and attractive design which contains similar styles of floral and sprigs with the compelling layout and details from the past generally (Ed, 1980). (4) The Paisley pattern reflected the textile development in various stages and conditions that (Rossbach, 1997) had been influencing the culture movements, architecture designs, textile design development, and fashion trends in both Western and Eastern countries like India, France, United Kingdom, United States from past to nowadays.

   No of Download : 17    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Smart growth is a new razzle-dazzleconcept, which focuses on vibrant, competitive, and liveable urban cores;it also promotes transit-oriented development to enhance the overall economic efficiency. Urbanization and urban growth have always been viewed as a negative connotation but today managing urbanization is the need of hour. The present paper tries to speculate the potential of Neharpar Faridabad, also known as Greater Faridabad, towards smart growth approach. Faridabad is steering on an expressway of development with metro connectivity, proposed eastern and western peripheral expressways for rapid movement. Recently the mien of development and optimism has been seen in this city. Neharpar area is the potential urban utopian site for future development, in real estate sector it has launched its dream project ‘Greater Faridabad’ and this area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centers. Just on, the cadence of IMT Manesar, IMT Faridabad project have also been launched which promotes

   No of Download : 21    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Out of the all the natural resources, land resource is the prime one. A city grows not only by population but also by changes in spatial dimensions. Urban population growth and urban sprawl induce land use changes and land transformation. The land transformation is a natural process and cannot be stopped but it can be regulated. Many geographical changes at the urban periphery are associated with the transfer of land from rural to urban purpose. The growth of KotlaMubarakpurmeasured between two different time periods was based solely on the secondary sources. The change analysis was performed by post classification comparison method, comparing the data of two different time periods, for which GIS tools were used. The results showed that there was rapid change in land cover/land use and highlights the major impact of rapid urbanization and population growth on the land cover changes which needs immediate attention. It was found that there was a phenomenal change in the built-up area, loss of barren and open areas and change in agriculture land. There is a great need for sustainable management of resources to maximise benefits of societal resources.

   No of Download : 34    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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The present study was aimed on an intensive and discerning study of Nayantara Sahgal with exclusive focus on Sahgal’s major concern in her novels i.e. individual’s search for freedom and self –realization. In almost every novel Sahgal is preoccupied with the individual’s search for freedom and self–realization. Her fictional work is a thoroughly integrated system of values focused on the concept of freedom as of fundamental significance to the peace and progress of the human spirit. Nayantara’s Freedom of individual and freedom of India emerged as twin themes in the fictional world of Nayantara Sahgal. She deals with marital and political crisis alongside; crumbling politics and crumbling marriages take the centre of her fictional matrix. Underlying these twin concerns is her preoccupation with the theme of freedom.