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Volume -6 Issue - 8
Month [Year] -- August [2015]
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   No of Download : 35    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Jean Jacques Rousseau is a very influential philosopher, who has left an indelible mark on almost all branches of knowledge. His influence on Romantic poetry, especially on the poetry of William Wordsworth, is pervasive. Though there is no concrete evidence whether Wordsworth read Rousseau’s work in his life, he certainly came in contact with the philosophy of Rousseau and imbibed many of the tenets of his philosophy in his own life as well as in his poetry as in Wordsworth’s youth Rousseau’s name was on the lips of every educated person.

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Tourism industry in India is one of the most appealing industries in the country and contributes substantially in the socio-economic development of the country. Tourism is not only acknowledged as a leisure activity but to explore the new land, new adventure or search of knowledge of historical and cultural heritage of any place. The main objective of the research paper is to propagate, Uttarakhand state has an incredible potential to attract domestic and foreign tourists because of its historical background, cultural uniqueness and spiritual heritage attractions. As in the present scenario, the tourism industry of the state is flourishing more than an economic activity and has become a way towards adventure, leisure, knowledge, contentment and spiritualism. So it is the need of the hour to conserve and preserve those heritage treasure products that not only contribute in generating revenue but also proving an asset to the state. The study will analyse the significance of historical and cultural background of ancient destinations and their impact on the tourists arrivals and generation of revenue .Therefore it is a sincere effort to throw light to conserve heritage sites and their preservation or makeover will prove fruitful not only economically but also in preserving historical and cultural heritage of the state.

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   No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Risk and return follow the market as soon as business comes to existence and these are significant factors which are related to different types of activities of business such as launching a new product, change in management, disinvestments, starting a new venture etc. Certain tools and gauges are used to measure their impact on business. These signals are perceived differently by aggressive, conservative and balanced investors. They have an impact on the investing decisions of the investors. There are various parameters to measure and gauge, as these counts most in the financial market. In this paper, we have endeavoured to study the performance of Indian corporate in relation to its benchmark index. To study their relationships, total 25 companies representing 5 vital sectors of the Indian economy have been selected from the NSE and analysed for a period of five years i.e. 2009-2013.

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Domestic violence can be defined as a pattern of behavior in any relationship that is used to gain or maintain power and control over an intimate partner. Abuse can be physical, sexual, emotional, economic or psychological actions or threats of actions that influence another person. This includes any behaviors that frighten, intimidate, terrorize, manipulate, hurt, humiliate, blame, injure or wound someone. Domestic violence can happen to anyone of any race, age, sexual orientation, religion or gender. It can happen to couples who are married, living together or who are dating. Domestic violence affects people of all socioeconomic backgrounds and education levels. The management of domestic violence essentially requires combined effort of law enforcement, social welfare and health care services. Real change can only be brought about by changing the mindset of society through education and better law enforcement.

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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India is a unique plural and complex federal country and its federal features are evident in practically every major aspects of its collective life. India presents unity amidst diversities which are unique in themselves. Being a huge country with ever rising identities and population, India presents numerous varieties of physical characteristics and cultural patterns. Notwithstanding the various diversities present in India, there are bonds of unity. India’s political unity is an offshoot of the religious and cultural unity. In India we share the same political culture marked by the norms of democracy, secularism, affection for the motherland etc. though vested interests operate in Indian soil threatening unity and integrity of India but they lack the might to be successful in their endeavors. Due to its complex nature and transitive stage of development, the political system is infested with many problems but the problems are imminent for such a vast country and their solutions are also not that easy but their intensities can be lowered. The political system cannot be changed in a short period of time to cope up with the problems of threats to the national unity and integration, but something needs to be done rather waiting to see the ongoing practices.

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   No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In our country, majority of population is living in villages and depend on agriculture sector. So, rural poverty is a major problem in developing countries like India. They are facing various problems due to lack of resources and opportunities in rural region. Therefore, there is need for study of Co-operative Banking for rural transformation of the country. In India, nowadays the Co-operative Banking has been grown up to a large extent. It helps in alleviation of poverty by providing employment opportunities, loans and also promotes industrial & economic development. Through Co-operative Banking, rural areas can be developed and transformed into developed area. With the help of this paper, the researcher studied the correlation and coherence between co-operative banking and rural development in India. The study highlighted the role of co-operative Banks in industrial and economic development of India.

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   No of Download : 3    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

भारतीय परंपरा की किंवदंती के अनुसार संस्कृत भाषा पहले अव्याकृत थी, अर्थात उसकी प्रकृति एवं प्रत्ययादि का विश्लिष्ट विवेचन नहीं हुआ था। देवों द्वारा प्रार्थना करने पर देवराज इंद्र ने प्रकृति, प्रत्यय आदि के विश्लेषण विवेचन का उपायात्मक विधान प्रस्तुत किया। इसी "संस्कार" विधान के कारण भारत की प्राचीनतम आर्यभाषा का नाम "संस्कृत" पड़ा। ऋक्संहिताकालीन "साधुभाषा" तथा 'ब्राह्मण', 'आरण्यक' और 'दशोपनिषद्' नामक ग्रंथों की साहित्यिक "वैदिक भाषा" का अनंतर विकसित स्वरूप ही "लौकिक संस्कृत" या "पाणिनीय संस्कृत" कहलाया। इसी भाषा को "संस्कृत","संस्कृत भाषा" या "साहित्यिक संस्कृत" नामों से जाना जाता है। ऋक्संहिता की भाषा को संस्कृत का आद्यतम उपलब्ध रूप कहा जा सकता है। यह भी माना जाता है कि ऋक्संहिता के प्रथम और दशम मंडलों की भाषा प्राचीनतर है।

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The relationship between China and South Korea has been related to the North East Asian security dynamics involving neighbouring states. Both countries have been largely influenced by the cold war’s security framework since 1945. the cold war ideology and mindset have compelled policy makers, security specialists and researchers of both countries to follow a certain standpoint promoted by Eastern and Western blocs in which they choose to take side with. Therefore, even after the demise of Soviet Union, the cold war is not over between China and South Korea. It remains still common to the extent that both countries tend to approach international issues from Cold War perspectives based on their preferred ideology. These inclinations are serious and apparent not only in the policy-making but also in the academic and intellectual circles.

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   No of Download : 17    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Dying declaration is admissible in evidence being the hearsay evidence. This piece of hearsay evidence is admissible as an exception to the general rule of evidence that hearsay evidence is no evidence in eye of law and it should be discarded as general rule because the evidence in all cases must be direct. It is very important documentary evidence. It is hearsay evidence but even then it is given a lot of weightage in the court proceedings. Under English law, the credence and the relevancy of the dying declaration is admissible only when the person making such declaration is in hopeless condition and expecting imminent death. Under Indian law declaration is relevant even if it is made by a person, who may or may not be under expectation of death, at a time of declaration.

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   No of Download : 24    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In India, the Panchayati Raj system was introduced with the aim of decentralization and democratization. Yet there remain certain mysteries. KhapPanchayats, the self-proclaimed courts of caste lords in a village, enjoy full legitimacy and authority among the section of their caste as custodian of honour. It is through them that most regressive views are sought to be implemented. It is very distressing to note that in times when people chat via 3G technology, Indian society has regressed to the Dark ages.

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   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Science has played an important role in putting climate change on the world agenda. Climate change is the long-term shift in weather patterns in a specific region or globally. Unlike global warming, which refers to just one aspect of climate change - a rise in the surface temperature of the earth’s surface – climate change refers to changes in a regions overall weather patterns, including precipitation, temperatures, cloud cover, and so on. According to the scientific experts in the field of climatology, climate change is caused by human activities that have resulted in an increased concentration of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere, including carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, ozone, and nitrous oxide.

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   No of Download : 24    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The main objective of the present study was to see the achievement of XI class CBSE students in Chemistry as a function of treatment and gender and their interaction. For the purpose the investigator selected 500 CBSE Class XI male and female students randomly. All students of the sample were divided into experimental group and control group on the basis of their intelligent. First the investigator administrator pre-test on students of both the groups after that investigator applied 30days treatment to both the group i.e. experimental group was taught by Advance Organizer Model (Meaningful Learning) Control Group taught by traditional method after treatment the post-test administered by the investigator on both the group and gain scores were obtained. Data were analyzed by two way analysis of variance. The result revealed that there was a significant difference found for groups at 0.01 level of significant.

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   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

No one wants to leave his native place but due to some social, economical or political problems or interference one have to move from its own native place like unemployment, government policies about forest security or building of Dam, corporate establishments, riots, terrorism, autocracy, environmental factors like earthquakes, flood etc. They are called displaced person & have Specific human rights challenges.

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   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Drama is considered as fine arts; it’s afforded pleasure and finds expression in acting with dialogues. Its unique inevitable part of human culture and knowledge coupled with emotions and concerned with expression. A man expresses himself through any form of art thus the creation of “art of drama”.

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   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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History writing has been continuously included different type of data or information as its sources which includes tangible sources like archaeological artefacts and literary evidences.Non-tangible sources like oral traditions and other inherent indirect information.Jataka stories has been used as a source of study for not only Buddhist traditions but as a important link to understand the process of indian history specially for the era between 5th century B.C.E and 3rd century C.E. approximately.This article is an attempt to analyse and to review the importance of jataka stories as an independent source of indian history.As jataka stories comprises many complexities under them,it is important to see them not only the literary evidence but also the mirror of contemporary society.

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   No of Download : 24    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

इस अध्ययन के द्वारांे बैरागड़ क्षेत्र के केन्द्रीय उच्चतर माध्यमिक शिक्षा मण्ड़़़ल से सम्बद्ध विद्यालयों के छात्र तथा छात्राओं की षैक्षिक रूचि को ज्ञात किया। दो अलग-अलग विद्यालयों के 50 छात्र तथा 50 छात्राओं का प्रतिदर्ष लिया गया। जिन पर षैक्षिक रूचि प्रपत्र का उपयोग किया गया। यह प्रपत्र डाॅ. एस.पी. कुलश्रेष्ठ के द्वारा विकसित किया गया था। इस प्रपत्र का उपयोग करके समंक एकत्रित किया गया। समंक विष्लेषण हेतु सांख्यिकी तकनीक जैसे- माध्य,मानक विचलन,तथा ज.जमेज लगााया गया। समंक विष्लेषण के बाद परिणाम प्राप्त हुआ। परिणाम यह था कि माध्यमिक विद्यालयों के छात्र तथा छात्राओं की षैक्षिक रूचि में सार्थक अन्तर है। छात्रों तथा छात्राओं में अलग-अलग विषयों में रूचि प्रदर्षित होती है।

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   No of Download : 3    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a value added tax to be implemented in India, the decision on which is pending. GST is the only indirect tax that directly affects all sectors and sections of the economy. GST is aimed at creating a single, unified market that will benefit both corporate and the economy. The changed indirect tax system GST-Goods and service tax is planned to execute in India. Several countries implemented this tax system but France is the first country who introduced GST. Goods and service tax is a new story of VAT which gives a widespread setoff for input tax credit and subsuming many indirect taxes from state and national level. The GST Implementation is not yet declared by government and the drafting of GST law is still under process and a clear picture will be available only after announcement of Implementation. India is a centralized democratic and therefore the GST will be implemented parallel by the central and state governments as CGST and SGST respectively. The objective will be to maintain a commonality between the basic structure and design of the CGST, SGST and SGST between states. The essential of the dual GST are still not known.

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   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Agriculture is the key sector of our economy. Vast majority of our population directly depend upon agriculture for livelihood. A good marketing system is one, where the farmer is assured of a fair price for his produce. The agricultural sector needs well functioning markets to drive growth, employment and economic prosperity in rural area of India. In order to provide dynamism and efficiency into the marketing system large investment are required for the development of post harvest and cold chain infrastructure near to the farmer field. Now-a-days, the Government has taken the initiative to promote organized marketing of agricultural commodities in the country through a net work of regulated markets. The basic objective of setting up of a net work of physical markets has been to ensure reasonable gain to the farmers by creating environment in markets for fair play of supply and demand forces, regulate market practices and attain transparency in transactions. Most of the State Governments and Union territories have since enacted Legislations (Agriculture produce Marketing Committee Act) to provide for development of agriculture produce and to achieve an efficient system of buying and selling of agriculture commodities.

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   No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

दरिद्रता से आशय उस सामाजिक क्रिया से होता है, जिसमें समाज का एक भाग अपने जीवन की आवश्यक आवश्यकताओं को भी पूरा नहीं कर पाता है। ऐसी स्थिति में समाज का भाग न्यूनतम जीवन स्तर से वंचित रह जाता है तथा केवल निर्वाह स्तर पर ही गुजारा करता है तो यह कहा जाता है कि समाज में व्यापक दरिद्रता मौजूद है। अनेक विद्वान यह मानते हैं कि वह व्यक्ति दरिद्र है जो दरिद्रता रेखा से नीचे गुजर-बसर कर रहा है। दरिद्रता रेखा की संकल्पना सर्वप्रथम संयुक्त राष्ट्र संघ के खाद्य एवं कृषि संगठन के प्रथम निदेशक लाॅर्ड बाॅयड ओर ने सन् 1945 में की थी। उन्होंने बताय,ा यह रेखा बताती है कि जिन व्यक्तियों को 2300 कैलोरी का भोजन नहीं मिल पाता है उनको दरिद्रता की रेखा के नीचे माना जाना चाहिए।

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Gender inequalities are reflected in the daily realities of women’s and girls’ lives including: the disproportionate number of women among those living in poverty. In India women are worshiped as devi but still deprived of basic human rights. In spite of constituting half of the population, they are considered as marginalized group and second-class citizen. The United Nations ranks India as a middle-income country. Findings from the World Economic Forum indicate that India is one of the worst countries in the world in terms of gender inequality. In order to uplift her status and to give her an egalitarian atmosphere we must consider her a human first and then we should provide all the rights given to human being. The present paper will use secondary data from newspapers and various authentic organizations as base of analysis. The paper will investigate various aspects of gender inequality prevail in India. The paper will also suggest some remedies for the upliftment of status of women in society.

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   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Structure and function is a frame work for building theory which sees the society as complex system whose parts works together to promote solidarity and stability. This gives shape to institutions such as; families, organization, Government etc. Each structure has social functions or consequences for operation as a whole in the society. The functions like; cleaning, sanitation, drinking water, transportation, law and order, first aid and health etc. are various functions being performed by various structural bodies like; mela management committee, police, municipal committee etc.

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   No of Download : 16    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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“So long as men can breath or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee” (Shakespeare’s sonnet no. 18) The name is William Shakespeare who can easily prophesied about the power of his golden pen through which his beloved might not need children to preserve his youthful beauty and can defy time and last forever. It is surprisingly related today.

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   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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भारत के मध्य में स्थित छत्तीसगढ़ राज्य ऐतिहासिक, पुरातात्विक, पौराणिक, धार्मिक, प्राकृतिक, पारिस्थितिकी और सांस्कृतिक महत्व के बहुकोणीय पर्यटन स्थलों से संपन्न है। छत्तीसगढ़ में अन्य ऐतिहासिक एवं पर्यटन की दृष्टि से महत्वपूर्ण स्थान है जिन्हें सुविधानुसार मार्गों से संलग्न किया जा सकता है। पर्यटन की दृष्टि से छत्तीसगढ़ में विकास की अपार संभावनाएं हैं जिसे यदि अमलीजामा पहनाया जाए तो यह राज्य विश्व पर्यटन के नक्शे पर अपनी अलग और विशिष्ट पहचान बना सकता है। यहां बारिश में विश्व प्रसिद्ध नियाग्रा जलप्रपात जैसा दृश्य देखना हो तो चित्रकूट का झरना है, तो अफ्रीका जैसे घने जंगल हैं। छत्तीसगढ़ राह नवनिर्माण की बेला में छत्तीसगढ़ के गौरवशाली ऐतिहासिक स्थल, प्राकृतिक सुषमा से परिपूर्ण-पर्वतीय क्षेत्रों को पर्यटन की दृष्टि से विकसित किया जा सकता है। गढ़ों का गढ़ छत्तीसगढ़ विकास पथ पर निरंतर अग्रसर होगा, इसकी व्यापक संभावनाएं हैं।

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   No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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For banks to adapt to the impending BASEL III guidelines and manage both investor and regulatory expectations, re-visiting certain fundamental policies is critical. Banks will be required to re-assess their dividend policies with a view to conserve capital. Additionally, evaluation of impact on credit risk capital under advanced approaches is essential to provide for a balanced credit policy going forward. BASEL III guidelines will invariably shift the focus of the Indian banking sector from balance sheet size to profitability management. The role of bank as an originator and evaluator of credit is likely to take precedence over its role as a holder and long term investor in credit assets. The ability to implement a risk based pricing mechanism in place of the existing base rate linked pricing will be critical to managing return on equity.

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   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Today I was taking the lecture of MBA students on Communication. I was lecturing on Interview. I was discussing about interviews in various companies. Suddenly one of my student asked me that how we should prepare ourselves for the interviews. I have taken pause for a moment, smiled and answered him calmlyat that time . But later on I thought that this may be a problem for many other students also so I decided to write an article on this topic.

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   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Environmental education must utilize diverse learning environment and a broad array of educational approaches to teaching learning about and from the environment with due stress on practical activities and first hand experiences. The main objective of the present study is to study the influence of caste, father occupation, class of study on the environmental awareness of secondary school students. Environmental awareness questionnaire developed by Haseen Taj (2003) was adopted. A sample of 300 secondary school students representing all categories of high schools is selected in Warangal district by following the standardized procedures. ‘t’ – test and ANOVA (‘F’ - test) were employed for analysis of the data. There is significant influence of caste at 0.01 level on the environmental awareness of secondary school students. There is significant influence of father occupation at 0.01 level on the environmental awareness of secondary school students. There is significant influence of class of study at 0.05 level on the environmental awareness of secondary school students.

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   No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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In the recent past, the thrust of the monetary policy of India was on reducing the annual inflation rate. The monetary authorities are striving hard to curb the inflation by adopting several monetary policy measures, the important amongst which are changes in CRR, repo and reverse repo rate, which directly influence the money supply in the market with immediate effect without creating any distortions in the economy. In this paper the econometric study of impact of changes in CRR, repo rate and reverse repo rate adopted by the monetary authorities in curbing inflation is carried out and the model is formulated to evaluate the various alternatives to suggest the suitable policy based on the existing market scenario which can be implemented to curb the existing level of inflation. By monetary policy, we mean policy concerned with changes in the supply of money. Issues connected with monetary policy are: objectives or goals of the policy, instruments of monetary control, its efficacy, implementation, intermediate target of the policy etc. India‘s monetary policy since the first plan period was one of 'controlled expansion-that is, a policy of adequate financing of economic growth ensuring reasonable price stability. Thus, RBI helped the economy to expand via expansion of money and credit and attempted to check rise in prices through monetary and other control measures. The first phase of reform started with a reduction of Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) and Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) and permitted a degree of flexibility to the banks in the matter of deposit interest rates.

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   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Research and Innovations play an important role in improving the quality of teacher education at secondary stage. In such programmes efficient and good teachers are prepared who always try to introduce new ideas, techniques, and practices in classroom transaction, curricular or co-curricular activities. The National Policy on Education (NPE 1986, 92) also recognized that “Teachers should have the freedom to innovate, to devise appreciate methods of communication and activities relevant to the needs of and capabilities of and the concerns of the community”. The present paper traces the concept of Teacher Education and what are the research innovations are contributed to teacher education in India.

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Advertising methods are used to give information regarding products and services. In this article we will understand in detail the impact of television advertising on FMCG products. Here we have discussed the views of experts for making justice to the topic. How on line advertising becomes effective than other methods for F.M.C.G. products.

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   No of Download : 3    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Customer relationship management incorporates information acquisition, information storage, and decision support functions to provide customized customer service. It enables customer representatives to analyze data and address customer needs in order to promote greater customer satisfaction and retention. It helps organizations to interact with their customers through a variety of means including phone, web, e-mail, and salesperson. Customer representatives can access data on customer profile, product, logistics and the like to analyze problems and provide online and rapid response to customer queries. CRM helps to collaborate between sales, marketing, customer service and technical support functions in the organization.

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Abstract

The latest rail budget comes at a time when its finances and efficiencies are; perhaps, at much money is spent day-to-day operations to earn the revenues, giving an indication of the funds left for safety and expansion. The ratio for Indian railway declined to an unsustainable level of over 90% in 2010-11 from around 80% in the 1950s count. Suresh Prabhu proposed an operating ratio at 88.5%as against the targeted ratio of 92.5% for 2014-15, which has actually improved to 91.8%. The operating ratio will be the best in nine years.

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Abstract

Though tensions had been brewing in Europe–and especially in the troubled Balkan region–for years before conflict actually broke out, the spark that ignited World War I was struck in Sarajevo, Bosnia, where Archduke Franz Ferdinand, nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was shot to death along with his wife by the Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip on June 28, 1914. The assassination of Franz Ferdinand and Sophie set off a rapid chain of events: Austria-Hungary, like many in countries around the world, blamed the Serbian government for the attack and hoped to use the incident as justification for settling the question of Slavic nationalism once and for all. As Russia supported Serbia, Austria-Hungary waited to declare war until its leaders received assurances from German leader Kaiser Wilhelm II that Germany would support their cause in the event of a Russian intervention, which would likely involve Russia’s ally, France, and possibly Great Britain as well.

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   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The center and the states are now trying to settle on the design and implementation of a uniform tax rate across the country Called goods & service tax. The unified tax will take the form of a “dual” GST, to be levied concurrently by both the levels of government. The unified tax will comprise of a Central GST and a State GST, which will be legislated, levied and administered by the respective levels of government. The same taxable base will be subject to both GSTs. The words “legislate, levy and administer” are key, since the center and the state will legislate the respective GST Acts and both will have power to administer the taxes. The proposed tax system will subsume a variety of central and state levies such as Central Excise Duty, Service Tax and VAT, thereby simplifying the complicated tax structure and reducing compliance costs. For tackling the complicated issues related to inter-state transactions, an innovative Integrated Goods and Services Tax is an advance step to meet the needs.

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